multi-Colored micro-plastic particles and rain falls in protected areas
In 1855, the English Metallurgist and inventor Alexander Parkes got the first plastic, which gave the name to parkesine (celluloid). 52 years later, the Belgian scientist Leo Baekeland, experimenting with formaldehyde and phenol in his home laboratory invented synthetic plastic, called bakelite. Emerged after Bakelite Corporation had rightly predicted that the new material with unlimited application possibilities will change the world. So, in the years 1920-1930 plastic from chemical laboratories spread around the world, and today its production is so great that it spend 8% of all oil produced. But blinded by the endless possibilities of the new material we did not notice how he was the cause of terrible pollution. According to the latest scientific research on the Earth today are plastic rain, and it's very bad.
During the Second world war, the plastic seemed a real salvation because of the lack of other materials, and in the postwar years, plastic items enjoyed unprecedented demand. But despite the dubious reputation, the production of plastic has increased 20 times, and in the next 20 years it will double again. Unfortunately, even unprecedented environmental problems, scientists say, did not help to change the situation. As a result, in 2020, researchers around the world are watching all the more frightening evidence of how plastic cause the deaths of many animals, simultaneously becoming part of Earth's ecosystems.
Meanwhile, some of the material in the plastic material directly affect the life and reproduction of animals. Really don't need to be a scientist, environmentalist or eco-activist to understand what harm the mountains of plastic waste have on nature. So, because of the landfills, harmful chemicals get into the groundwater and the ocean plastic debris is gradually becoming a food for fish and marine animals, from which they often die. But plastic bottles, disposable dishes, toothbrushes, cotton swabs and other products is not the only problem. Far more dangerous according to many researchers, are tiny plastic particles that are all around us.
the Inhabitants of the seas and oceans, and all species of seabirds eat plastic
Of Microplastics is any type of plastic fragment length of less than 5 mm. These small plastic particles fall into the ecosystems from a variety of sources, including industrial manufacturing (cosmetics, clothing and other goods), as well as «natural» way – when plastic debris breaks into small pieces under the influence of the environment. Microplastics accumulate in the environment in large quantities, especially in aquatic and marine ecosystems.
Despite the fact that in 2019 the who about the safety of the micro-plastic in drinking water for human health is still unknown whether the micro-plastic particles to enter the bloodstream, lymphatic system and cause damage to organs. The results on animals have shown that microplastics can cause damage to the intestines and liver. Moreover, there are that many plastic components have a negative impact on the endocrine system.
Unfortunately, the results of this study, in the journal Science, suggests that more than 1,000 metric tons annually microplastic particles fall within the 11 protected areas in the Western United States. As writes the edition is equivalent to more than 120 million plastic bottles of water. A new discovery, as suggested by the authors of the study confirms the development of the still more pessimistic scenario microplastics have spread around the world, landing in a presumably clean habitats such as the Arctic and remote French Pyrenees.
the Microplastics are everywhere – in water, air and food
The Tiny plastic particles flow into oceans via wastewater and contaminate the deep sea. However, now in the American West, and possibly the rest of the world, microplastics became part of the fundamental atmospheric processes – now plastic particles rain down. This kind of «new acid rain», which can be a very insidious problem.
In the context of the new study is important to understand that the microplastics already ruined even the most remote corners of our planet, and today there is no single method of purification of water, land or air from particles of plastic waste. The microplastics are everywhere but it doesn't disappear, but breaks down into smaller and smaller pieces, which penetrate into smaller and smaller corners of the Earth. Even worse is that the amount of plastic waste is expected to increase from 260 million tonnes to 460 million tonnes by 2030 (according to McKinsey).
To assess how serious was the problem of pollution microplastics in the American West, scientists collected data on the presence of micro-plastic and other solid particles in national parks andother protected areas within 14 months. The results showed that a staggering 98% of the collected samples contained microplastic particles. the for the whole year in the protected areas, along with rain falls of up to 1,000 tons of small pieces of plastic.
the only Question is what effect will the rain of the micro-plastic on the ecosystems of the Earth
But that's not all disturbing news: it appeared that 30% of micro-plastic particles are microbes. The researchers suggest that they were samples of industrial paints and coatings: if they spray, they can easily get rid of the germs in the atmosphere, where they will catch the wind and carry far. Even more alarming is that of microplastics in the end nanoplastic breaks into pieces which are so small that the researchers may not be able to detect them without the proper equipment. But the main conclusion of such studies is that plastic never really disappears. He just crushed into smaller pieces that are scattered around the world, becoming part of the world's ecosystems.
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