Repetitive negative thoughts associated with Alzheimer's disease

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2020-06-13 14:20:11

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Repetitive negative thoughts associated with Alzheimer's disease

the brain Scan of a healthy person (left) and scan of brain of person with Alzheimer's (right)

Despite the fact that in everyday life we rarely talk about Alzheimer's every year with her face at least 10 million people. According to the world health organization (who), Alzheimer's disease is the most common cause of dementia (60-70% of all cases) in the world. Dementia is a syndrome in which there is deterioration in memory, thinking, behaviour and ability to perform daily, even the simplest of actions. It is important to understand that dementia affects mainly older people but is not a normal part of aging. Recently, researchers from University College London published a study according to which negative thinking is directly linked to Alzheimer's disease.

What is Alzheimer's?

In Western countries Alzheimer's disease, doctors diagnose very quickly and early detection of this degenerative disease helps to significantly extend the normal life of the patients in our country the situation is somewhat more complicated. Many people when first symptoms of dementia do not seek medical attention, thinking, memory problems natural satellites of aging. Unfortunately, even in the event of a timely appeal for help it is possible not to, since not all doctors are aware of the complex symptomatology of this disease.

According to the specified on the website of the who, dementia is a «one of the main causes of disability and dependency among older people worldwide. It has a profound impact not only on the suffering of its people, but also their families and those caring for the sick. Lack of awareness of dementia and lack of understanding of this condition often leads to stigmatization and the emergence of barriers to the diagnosis and . The impact of dementia on caregivers, family, and society as a whole can be physical, psychological, social and economic.»

Dementia often goes unnoticed, which causes its rapid progression.

As dementia manifests itself in different people in different ways, it significantly complicates its diagnosis. However, about 70% of all cases of dementia are due to Alzheimer's disease, making it the most common cause of cognitive loss. The remaining 30% have other forms of dementia. It should be noted that between the different forms of dementia there are no clear boundaries. For this reason, often co-exist mixed forms of dementia.

the

    Specialists classify the three most common stages of the disease:

    the
  • Early stage dementia often goes unnoticed, but there are some common symptoms, such as forgetfulness, loss of time, disorientation in familiar terrain.
  • the
  • Middle stage dementia is characterized by more pronounced signs and symptoms, such as disorientation at home, forgetfulness about recent events and names of people, increasing difficulties in communication, behavioural difficulties, need assistance to care for themselves.
  • the
  • Late phase dementia is characterized by almost complete dependence on others and passivity. Memory impairments become significant and the physical signs and symptoms of dementia is more obvious. It is believed that at the late stage of dementia there is a loss of orientation in time and space, difficulty in the recognition of relatives and friends, the increasing need for assistance to care for themselves, difficulty in walking, and behavioral changes, including aggressiveness.

Depression, anxiety and dementia

But what causes Alzheimer's and how to fight it? Note that to date there is no therapy for the treatment of dementia or modify its development. Scientists from around the world spend a huge amount of research to better understand the disease and discover new methods that can prevent its development. Thus, the results of a new study published in the journal , showed that repetitive negative thinking is associated with cognitive and neuropathological markers of Alzheimer's disease.

According to forecasts, the total number of people with dementia will amount to about 82 million people in 2030 and 152 — by 2050.

In Other words, disturbing repetitive (obsessive) thoughts associated with subsequent cognitive decline. Because negative thinking is a common symptom of depression and anxiety disorders, a new discovery may help explain the relationship observed between these disorders and an increased risk of developing dementia. The creators of the work believe that certain thought patterns associated with depression and anxiety may be the main reason for the development of Alzheimer's disease.

Furthermore, the researchers found an increase of harmful proteins in the brain in patients with dementia, which leads to mental decline. the Results showed that people who more frequently visited dark thoughts(worry about the future and memories of the past) for the next 4 years have had a higher number of Tau-protein and beta-amyloid compared to more optimistic people.

One explanation for the link between negative thinking and biomarkers of Alzheimer's researchers call stress. Intrusive negative thoughts are known behavioral marker of chronic stress (e.g., elevated blood pressure, cortisol). The study involved patients with cognitive impairment and an increased risk of developing dementia. However, obtained in the course of the study, the results cannot be generalized to the entire population, write the authors.

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