For the first time were able to stop programmed cell death

Date:

2019-10-09 19:40:10

Views:

30

Rating:

1Like 0Dislike

Share:

For the first time were able to stop programmed cell death

Now to stop the destruction of tissues at the cellular level

We All know that almost all the cells of our body are regularly updated. But what happens to the cells at this very moment? And it happens with them a process called «apoptosis». It is, in short, pre-programmed death. Natural process, without which we could not exist. However, apoptosis — it's not always good. For example, after heart attacks or fence for a transplant, this process is also started. And it would be nice to understand how to stop it. This is what has managed to make a group of Australian scientists.

The results of the 11-year study published in the journal , and behind them, the experts from Monash University, led by professors David Huang, Guillaume Lessina and Benjamin Kiel. Scientists say that they created «blocker cell death» has a huge potential for preservation of cell viability.

Never before have we seen such a promising ability to intervene in the cellular process at the earliest stages of apoptosis, before there will be irreversible damage. Acute infarction can cause rapid cell death, which leads to the loss and weakening of the tissues and muscles. In such circumstances, the opportunity to prevent uncontrolled cell death can improve the recovery of the patient or even increase his chances of survival.

Apoptosis is controlled by BCL-2. Some of them increase the chances of survival of cells, while others cause cell death. While, roughly speaking, the balance of these proteins is shifted toward survival, the cell operates. The team focused on the proteins BAK and BAX. They are activated at a critical stage of apoptosis and their appearance is a kind of «a point of no return», after which the cell is doomed.

In laboratory models, we found that can inhibit apoptosis and maintain cell functions. We showed that it is possible to stop the biochemical cascade that causes cell death directly at the point where it starts.

Apoptosis should not be confused with necrosis. The latest — it is a pathological condition accompanied by, including the formation of toxins and dead tissue.

In experiments with cell cultures, the researchers were able to "turn off" protein BAK with the help of specially selected molecules. This helped to retard the apoptosis of cells and keep them alive and healthy, as a second protein BAX is not enough to «equilibrium displacement» and start the process of apoptosis. This created Bioorganic molecule does not require special costs in the production of, and does not affect other cells. Moreover, at desire it is possible to clearly pick up the concentration of a substance in such a way that it «not enough» to ensure that it had an impact on neighbouring organs and tissues. And thus a new molecule can be used even at a fairly local level. What do you think about new technology? Write about it in our

see also:

Scientists believe that their discovery will help to develop drugs to treat neurodegenerative processes associated with loss of brain function (such diseases include Parkinson's disease and Alzheimer's), like myocardial infarction, as well as in transplantation in order to keep the organs viable for transplant longer time.

Recommended

Developed ocular implant to prevent glaucoma

Developed ocular implant to prevent glaucoma

Glaucoma — very dangerous disease. Our eyes — very important and at the same time very «the fragile» bodies. However, in addition to damaging factors external and internal that can «quietly» to cause vision loss. One o...

Why you should not sleep more than 8 hours?

Why you should not sleep more than 8 hours?

If you sleep more than 9 hours, the health of your heart may be under threat Our regular readers know about the dangers of sleep deprivation and . In the end, sleep is very important for a normal life and to neglect it completely not worth it. Howeve...

Pigskin for the first time helped to heal a severe burn of the man

Pigskin for the first time helped to heal a severe burn of the man

Between the pigs and humans have a lot in common. According to the world health organization, each year die from severe burns to more than 180 000 people. Fortunately, surgeons can save and other accidents from death by transplanting skin from anothe...

Comments (0)

This article has no comment, be the first!

Add comment

Related News

Mushrooms reduce the risk of prostate cancer

Mushrooms reduce the risk of prostate cancer

Japanese scientists recommend eating mushrooms at least three times a week Today, prostate cancer is the most common cancer among men. According to statistics, every year the doctors found a malignant tumor in the prostate gland h...

As the editor of the genome of CRISPR in bacteria

As the editor of the genome of CRISPR in bacteria

the Editor of the genome does not cease to amaze the Famous editor of the genome of the CRISPR-Cas9 is already quite well established for the treatment of diseases. And we repeatedly reported about them on our portal, so that the ...

Scientists have found a brain area, which is emerging Alzheimer's disease

Scientists have found a brain area, which is emerging Alzheimer's disease

Made the next step in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease unfortunately, despite a pretty decent level of modern medicine still the disease to cope with that doctors not. One of these conditions is — a severe disease, which...