Special nanospace will be aiming to kill cancer cells

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2019-12-17 13:40:08

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Special nanospace will be aiming to kill cancer cells

Nanospray will help in the treatment of dangerous diseases

If you do not take into account the presence of beneficial flora that our body doesn't like it when it's live bacteria. But have you ever wondered about how bacteria infect our cells? After all, the mere presence there is clearly not enough. Meanwhile, a mechanism that organisms use very simple and at the same time effective — they have something like «syringes» for the introduction of toxins into the cells of their host. But researchers from the max Planck Institute have found a way to use this to their advantage by replacing cellular toxins with other chemicals, e.g. drugs. And it is very good for the treatment of neoplastic processes.

How bacteria can help combat cancer

According to the editorial Board, many bacteria infect the cells of its host with the help of the so-called mechanism of the syringe. Such include bacteria including E. coli and Yersinia bacterial family that causes plague. These bacteria are fixed on the surface of cells, and then form a channel that pierces protective membrane. Thus bacteria transfer toxic protein inside, killing her within a few minutes. About such interesting facts from the world of science and high technology, we regularly write on the pages of our website. So , to learn more.

Researchers from the max Planck Institute had previously studied this process using cryoelectron microscopy. As the name implies, it involves cooling samples to cryogenic temperatures and then study them using powerful electron microscopes. This allows scientists to see the structure of proteins at high resolution. In the new work, the team found, can bacteria «switching» these channels for injection of toxins into something more useful. But everything was complicated by the fact that scientists were required to comply with 3 conditions. First, the protein must be of a certain size. Secondly, protein should be positively charged. And, thirdly, the proteins should not interact with the molecules, forming a «capsule», which keeps them inside.

With the new method we have taken the first step to our ultimate goal — to use these nanospaces in medicine for targeted administration of drugs into the cells of the body — says Stefan Rauser, lead author of the study. For a very long time we were looking for options on how to make the toxin did not go beyond nanospace. Once we found a way and realized how the toxin binds to cell surface, we started to modify the injection mechanism, so that he could identify cancerous cells. This would open completely new possibilities in cancer treatment with minimal side effects.

It is Worth noting that although this process can be adapted for drug delivery into cells, in some cases, it can also be to be used for the injection of toxic proteins. The team of experts said that nanospray can be used to fight against various microorganisms. It's pretty ironic, isn't it? After all, you can fight them «weapons».

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