Scientists have found a giant black hole, but doubted it

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2019-09-04 23:00:09

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Scientists have found a giant black hole, but doubted it

Be a supermassive black hole depicted in the film “”

Some of the most mysterious objects in black holes, regularly attract attention. We know that they collide, merge or change the brightness, and even evaporate. And yet, in theory, black holes can link Universes you are using . However, all our knowledge and assumptions about these massive objects may be inaccurate. Recently in the scientific community there were rumors that the scientists received a signal from the black hole, the size and the weight of which is so huge that its existence is physically impossible.

Supermassive black holes

The Black hole — it is a place in space-time, once in that freedom, no object is selected will not be able. Moreover, even photons of light will be there forever. Each black hole has a large mass and incredible gravitational pull. So strong that what lies beyond the event horizon will forever remain a mystery to us. Expanding, form the core of most galaxies.

The Supermassive black holes considered to be objects with a mass of about 105 and higher the mass of the Sun. In the galaxy NGC 4889 in the constellation coma Berenices is located the heaviest supermassive black hole known today. Its mass is around 21 billion solar masses. This is a real space monster.

In the center of the image of the elliptical galaxy NGC 4889 in the constellation coma Berenices

Note that supermassive black holes, greater than the mass of our millions and billions of times, rotating in the centers of galaxies, formed in the early Universe very different and mysterious ways. The conventional theory of the formation of black holes of this mass yet. To discuss a variety of variants of the origin of these cosmic monsters in our .

Incredible space monster

Due to the lack of a unified theory of the formation of supermassive black holes, these objects remain one of the main mysteries of our time. Recently, physicists studying black holes, discussed allegations that the detectors LIGO and Virgo, which in 2017 discovered recently caught the signal coming from suddenly a huge black hole, the mass of which was considered physically impossible.

the photo laser-interferometric gravitational-wave Observatory Ligo

The fact that black holes are formed in the supernova explosion of stars. However, when the core of a dying star is very heavy, it gravitationally collapses into a black hole. Instead, the star will undergo an explosion that completely destroys it in seconds, leaving nothing behind. Thus, the presence of supermassive black holes revolving in the centers of galaxies with a mass greater than 130 solar masses is impossible.

Scientists are based on the 2002 study of supernova explosions stars with a pair instability. Obtained in the course of the study, the data are considered final. You can learn even more amazing facts about black holes and supernova stars.

Meanwhile:

However, to form a black hole in excess of 130 solar masses, had to be born and to die a star, with a mass of more than 300 suns. Such giants meet in the vastness of the Universe is extremely rare. For this reason, most experts assumed that black holes detected by LIGO and Virgo should reach a maximum at about 50 solar masses.

But Carl Rodriguez of the Massachusetts Institute of technology and Sourav Chatterjee of Tata Institute of fundamental research in Mumbai, are betting on the fact that there is a workaround for the formation of black holes so large in size. At that time, as most of the colliding black holes probably originated as isolated pair of stars (binary star systems are common in space), Rodriguez and colleagues argue that the portion of the detected collisions occur in dense stellar systems such as globular clusters.

Black holes are rotating close to each other in the big one. Inside the globular cluster black hole with a mass of 50 suns can merge, for example, with a hole whose mass is 30 suns, and then the resulting giant might again merge with the nearest black hole. Researchers call this «merge the second generation». The signal outgoing from such a giant, the researchers said, and recorded by LIGO and Virgo.

Right-scientists

A Team of scientists LIGO and Virgo, as a rule, quickly announces each potential event, e.g. the detection of gravitational waves. Scientists do so in order to make their colleagues also began to work in this direction.

However, to date, no official statements from the team LIGO has not been received. At the same time, representatives of the LIGO plan to tell the world about the alleged sizes of the colliding objects no later than the spring of 2020. If the black hole is too large is among the received command data, the analysis will also identify how quickly rotated hole and her companion in a collision. According to scientists, this information will help to understand the history of the origin of at least one of the colliding objects.

As think, whether there are such giants in the Universe?

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