So officials collected infected animals during outbreaks of avian influenza in Hong Kong in 2014
On the outbreak of an unknown disease occurred in Hubei province in Central China this winter, not much is known. Doctors believe that the disease, which 59 people, may be caused by coronavirus — the family of viruses that caused the outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) in 2003. SARS has caused a panic after he spread to 37 countries and claimed the lives of more than 750 people. Given the similarity of the symptoms of an unknown disease with coronaviruses, the Chinese authorities intend to closely monitor the situation. Tell what you need to know about the mysterious disease.
The family of coronaviruses includes 37 types of viruses that are grouped into two subfamilies. The first coronavirus was discovered in 1965 in a patient suffering from acute rhinitis. The family of coronaviruses affects not only humans, but cats, dogs, pigs, poultry and cattle. Coronavirus can cause damage to the nervous and respiratory systems and the gastrointestinal tract. In different areas of the world periodically there are new coronaviruses, several known coronaviruses circulate in animals without affecting people.
Writes , according to a statement from the Chinese government, a new disease is definitely not SARS. Unlike SARS, the new virus is not easily spread between people, and unlike the middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) is better known as the mortality rate which is around 35%, today none of those infected died. However, experts from the world health organization (who) is very concerned. The fact that during the outbreak of SARS in 2002, the virus was quickly identified and restricted. This allowed him to spread around the world together with tourists.
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Vaccine against SARS and MERS does not exist today.
According to Jeremy Farrar, an expert in tropical diseases, epidemics of known and unknown diseases today represent one of the biggest threats to health in the world. As Farrar told reporters of the Guardian, a group of patients with unusual respiratory infection is a serious cause for concern. Especially when the disease is connected with a source of food for animals. So jump over the species barrier — this was the case with SARS, MERS, avian flu and .
The source of the virus is still unknown, but research is focusing on the market in Wuhan where they sell live animals and seafood. The fact that the origin of SARS eventually was associated with bats living in the cave of Yunnan province in China. And the source of MERS today are dromedaries, although it is possible that they were infected . According to the who, dated 9 January, Chinese authorities believe that the disease is not easily transmitted from person to person, but it can cause serious condition. So, state television reported eight patients with disease of the respiratory tract that have been sent home. However, seven people are in hospital in serious condition, and the data had not been updated since last weekend.
more articles about global epidemics that threaten humanity, you can read on our
According to some researchers, mankind is not ready for the global epidemic
In a statement, the who also mentions the need for more studies that will confirm the pathogen, and to clarify the understanding of the clinical picture and epidemiology of the outbreak. Moreover, it is necessary to determine the source, methods of transmission, the degree of contamination and implemented countermeasures. Meanwhile, precautionary measures were taken in Hong Kong — so, people arriving from Wuhan, checked for flu-like respiratory symptoms. Some people were hospitalized, but none of them were not identified viral pneumonia of this type, which was discovered in China.
For two weeks in Wuhan were not registered confirmed cases of the disease. Although today the reasons for strong concern, experts who remind us that the global health community have a lot to do to ensure readiness around the world. Especially given the fact that the vaccine against SARS and MERS are still not developed, and climate change may affect the spread of infectious diseases.
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