Cough, fever, loss of smell… these are symptoms COVID-19, which we all know. But what happens to the psyche in these difficult times? How to write psychiatrists to their experience with the infected SARS-CoV-2, showed that patients with depression, psychosis and other mental disorders, the appearance of the first symptoms looked disoriented, baffled by and sometimes hallucinated. All of these symptoms indicate a condition called delirium. As it turned out, this condition affects 20% or more of patients hospitalitynet in the hospital with a diagnosis of COVID-19. The researchers also found that previous outbreaks of coronavirus have been associated with a high level of mental disorders in the subsequent period.
Delirium is a mental disorder characterized by symptoms of which is dizziness, impaired attention, perception, thinking and emotions.
Past Experience shows that during the outbreak of atypical pneumonia SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome) in 2003, and MERS (middle East respiratory syndrome) in 2006, more than 25% of those experienced symptoms such as impaired concentration, confusion and mood swings – all this is suggestive of delusions as a symptom of coronavirus.
But if the delirium is a short – term condition, then what does it matter? As it turned out the patients suffering from delirium at least twice as likely to die in hospital. Those who have developing delirium during a hospital stay, remain in the hospital for about a week longer than other patients. This means that there may be real problems with the free beds in hospitals for the new infected.
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Obviously, in the absence of large-scale studies of the coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, calling COVID-19, the analysis of past epidemics could help scientists get some idea about what you should pay attention in the next few months and years. According to available data, 15% of patients who suffered SARS and MERS, was depressed, and another 15% an anxiety disorder. However, mental illnesses are quite common, so it's hard to say how many of these people before the illness had problems with mental health.
Depression is a mental disorder, the main symptoms are lowered mood or loss of ability to have fun.
post-Traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) — a severe mental condition that occurs as a result of a single or repeated stressful events, providing a powerful negative impact on the psyche.
But what's really remarkable is the incidence of PTSD, which is more than 30%. As the researchers write, it's a huge number of people the disease which are difficult to attribute to anything except the experience of SARS infection and its treatment. Scientists also called fatigue a big problem: 19% of patients reported the absence of forces a few months after «recovery». But these results should be very cautiously applied in the event of a pandemic COVID-19, as most patients are treated not in hospitals, where it can report its status, but at home.
And yet, something about the people who are most at risk of developing mental disorders after an illness managed to learn: among the group of patients with the disease in severe form, the most frequently observed depression, PTSD and anxiety disorder. the moreover, as shown by the results of three scientific studies, more than others at risk of developing depression and PTSD-affected health workers.
Generalized anxiety disorder – a disorder characterized by General anxiety, not related to specific objects or situations.
But regardless of the reason, the researchers believe that the world needs to prepare for future growth of mental disorders, as the pandemic of the novel coronavirus might have a devastating impact on the psyche of a large number of people. Intervention should be evidence-based and – most importantly – should not worsen the situation. Psychological analysis, when the therapist encourages you to talk in detail about a traumatic event, that sounds reasonable, but there is strong evidence that it may worsen the situation, only increasing the risk of subsequent mental illness.
About why during a pandemic, the growing number of suicides and how to stay healthy, read on .
In fact, of the reasons for developing certain psychological disorders after recovery from COVID-19, a great many. Perhaps the virus directly affects the brain or the body's immune system goes into overload state. This is not to exclude the likelihood that are the result of social exclusion or psychological injuries caused by severe illness or loss of loved ones.
Anyway, judging by existing data, the physicians were asked to assess the mental state of patients infected with SARS-CoV-2 on the subject of delirium, and pay attention methods of treatment of such conditions. Did you or your loved one with deteriorating mental health during a pandemic? Let's talk on this difficult subject in
it is Important to understand that during a pandemic, the psyche needs to be protected
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