Co-Founder , billionaire, and now philanthropist bill gates thinks artificial intelligence is a very unusual and controversial technology which can help mankind and to hurt him. At the conference of the Stanford Institute for human-centered artificial intelligence (Stanford Institute for Human-Centered Artificial Intelligence) gates drew an analogy between artificial intelligence and nuclear weapons. In his opinion, people must develop the technology AI in the more peaceful fields, such as education and medicine, otherwise, we may face trouble.
"the world has not been so much technology at the same time promising and very dangerous," said gates at the conference, mentioning the power of the atom as a positive example of useful technology that was soon overshadowed by the appearance on the basis of its nuclear weapons. At the same time he complained that in areas where AI could bring real benefits to mankind, the real results are still very few. In his view, medicine and education – the areas where the AI could really help people.
"It's a chance to bring social science to a new level, starting with the most important – education," — said the billionaire, many years, expressing excitement about risks associated with AI.
Rooted, the pace of development of artificial intelligence, supported by neural networks that mimic the human brain, has revolutionized the technological sphere. Now AI and neural networks are used everywhere: from biometric identification systems, people, and ending anti-spam filters for email. However, gates does not want the benefits that can provide artificial intelligence, could use only such tech giants as Amazon, Google and Facebook.
As one of the success stories of AI in medicine, he cited the work of a private American biotech company 23andMe, which does genetic analyses of the data. According to gates, the use of artificial intelligence allowed us to determine the relationship between the lack of selenium (essential for life trace element) in the body and premature delivery in women in Africa. Over the next 18 months the researchers will know whether adopted on this occasion, the programme of therapy to help with predictions more than 20 000 African women.
"it is Expected that the measures taken should be approximately 15 percent to reduce the incidence of premature birth, which will allow you to save about 80 000 lives only for one Africa" — gates added.
As for education, gates hopes that AI will help to develop more effective approaches to learning.
"unfortunately, we have virtually ignored the motivational aspects of education. Not trying to develop a program aimed at increasing the interest and involvement of students to learn, not investigate the issues related to new learning methods. But all of this can help us to improve our educational system, and to reduce the percentage of students who decided to quit school." — said gates.
Speaking at the conference, gates also said that the US almost lost the technological lead from other countries in the development of artificial intelligence technologies:
"the United States occupied a unique position in most of these breakthrough technologies. But now the leadership of our country is becoming less clear," — gates said.
In his opinion, in 10 years, the United States can take a catch-up role as the leading scientific research aimed at understanding, for example, the same advantages of using AI in the fields of biology and medicine will be held not in America.
He Also noted that today the inner workings of AI systems are poorly understood.
"Very concerned about the opacity of most of the ongoing projects aimed at the development of deep machine learning", — said gates.
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