What happens to plastic bags put in the water?

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2020-06-25 01:40:07

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What happens to plastic bags put in the water?

Plastic bags decompose for hundreds of years.

Many of us are already well aware of how much plastic waste is damaging the planet. It is scientifically proven that the decomposition of discarded packets, bottles and other packaging made of synthetic materials, lasts for over thousands of years. They secrete into the water a dangerous substance that can harm aquatic life and plants. Recently, German scientists has plunged into the depths of the Pacific ocean and found the plastic bag with aluminum cans of Coca-Cola and a package of cheese that lay on the seafloor for over 20 years. The researchers studied their condition and the impact on the environment, then made very interesting conclusions, which now will be discussed.

Plastic debris

The scientific Results was published in . Find plastic waste is very easy — in 2019 I wrote that today the deep ocean is very . Only here to find out what year the plastic bags and bottles were thrown in the water and how many years had lain at the bottom, it is always very difficult. German scientists set out to find the trash, where you can identify the exact production date and calculate the approximate time of disposal in the ocean. After a few dives in the waters of the Pacific ocean, they succeeded.

Packaging of cheese found at the bottom of the Pacific

At a depth of 4150 meters, scientists found a package of cheese and a coke wrapped in a plastic bag. Thanks to the strength package, which is decomposed for hundreds of years, the label fizzy drink is well preserved and it was visible inscriptions. It turned out that in the packet there was a Bank of Coca-Cola limited edition — it was produced between 1988 and 1996. It turns out that the trash bag was at the bottom of the ocean for over 20 years.

Harm plastic

According to biogeochemical Stephan Krause (Stefan Krause), despite a long stay under water, the package and box of food was not observed any signs of decay. Aluminum cans were also almost completely intact, because for its complete decomposition . Despite the fact that the objects were made of different materials, they strongly influenced the diversity of microbes on the ocean floor. On the surface of the objects was virtually no germs — probably plastic releases harmful substances and living creatures to be wary of their impact.

Which hazardous materials were recovered plastic items, a scholar to the end not clear. And all because these things very much and there are hundreds of varieties of synthetic material. For example, used in the manufacture of large water tanks polycarbonate plastic when heated to 150 degrees Celsius secretes a biologically active substance bisphenol a. In multiple studies it was found that prolonged exposure to this substance causes worry, can lead to infertility and cause dangerous diseases.

the bottom of the ocean with plastic debris

But the danger of accumulating at the bottom of oceans, plastic, largely due to not allocating harmful substances. The fact that this garbage frequently and other aquatic animals. Their insides are literally clogged with objects that are impossible to digest. In the end, the animals become clogged, causing them to suffer and later die. If humanity continues to pollute water, such deaths will be much greater, and this can lead to the extinction of many species of animals.

The plastic Particles fall even in our bodies — is considered the main source of drinking water. In 2019, the German scientists conducted research and found that in contains a dangerous quantity of microscopic plastic. Though the world health organization and these particles, they obviously have no place in the human body. Perhaps the researchers just yet not well studied these particles, and in the long term they can cause to our body irreparable harm.

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