The milky Way “throws” of a star

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2020-05-02 22:40:10

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The milky Way “throws” of a star

Yes, you read right the title. Scientists have proven that can be thrown away outside the galaxy, although earlier it was believed that they practically do not change their orbits. In the new study revealed that accumulation of a supernova can become the reason for the birth of the scattered rotating stars in the outer stellar halos of galaxies. The stellar halo of the galaxy extends far from the bright areas and contains old stars. The outer halo of the milky Way also contains most of the mass of the galaxy. The new discovery challenges the conventional ideas about how it was formed and developed a star system for billions of years.

How are the stars?

Inside each star is a natural fusion reactor which synthesizes heavier elements from light elements. Because of the hydrogen formed helium from gel – carbon, etc., Scientists know about it, thanks to ghostly particles neutrinos that capture neutrino detectors, installed in the bowels of the Earth. Today we also know how the life and death of the majority of stars, the brighter they Shine, the faster burn up of nuclear fuel.

Stars like our Sun live about 10 billion years, but a star 10 times more massive than yellow dwarfs burn out completely in just 25 million years. The stars is much less than the Sun should live about 100 billion years (just think about those numbers), which is significantly more than the age of our Universe. When the life cycle of a star coming to an end, the stars throwing off the top layer of substances – so-massive stars become supernovae, but not a massive slowly envelops planetary nebula.

However, whatever star, eventually left the expanding gas cloud and either a neutron star or a black hole or a dense small object – a white dwarf. Of course, every star is unique, but the General course of life and evolution of the stars can be traced by means of computer models. More news about the latest astronomical discoveries read on

the Center of the milky Way

With the project «feedback in realistic environments 2» (FIRE-2), astronomers want to find out how the stars formed in the region of the galactic halo of the milky Way. Using «hyperrealistic» computer models of project astronomers from the University of California, Irvine (UCI) modeled violations in the galactic spins, which otherwise would be considered orderly.

the milky Way is a speck in the vast ocean of galactic filaments

According to the simulation results, the milky Way is pushed from powerful supernova explosions. This is of great interest for scientists because when they die a few big stars, the received energy can expel gas from the galaxy, which, in turn, is cooled and becomes the reason for the birth of new stars. As the authors of a study published in the journal , the distribution of stars extends beyond the classical disk of the galaxy.

In the past, astronomers assumed that galaxies formed over a long period of time. It was thought that smaller groups of stars are in the galaxy and will be destroyed by it. It might throw some of these stars in more distant orbits. But UCI researchers believe that this so-called «feedback supernova» actually may be the source of 40% of stars in the outer halo.

the Atoms that make up our bodies originated in the cores of supernovae

As you rotate the center of the galaxy forms a bubble, driven by feedback from supernovae, and on its edge formed stars. It looks like the stars are thrown from the center. As written , the researchers said that there «a fair amount» the observational evidence that stars formed in this way.

Halo of the milky Way is a kind of recording of the different periods of existence of the galaxy and with the new FIRE project-2 the researchers were able to see the event. When a supernova explodes, there is a huge release of energy and gas. They – flow – push out individual stars in the halo of the milky Way. But if all true, then what about our Sun? Fortunately, nothing to worry about – the authors of the study said that is unlikely to be among the streams of gas and energy, as their kernels are full metal. At risk are the stars with fewer metals in the kernel, so if you are near such a star will explode in a supernova, she is in trouble.

We still do not know much about the native galaxy

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