Antibiotics enter into the waste water and harm the environment. How scientists will purify the water?

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2020-02-10 22:20:08

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Antibiotics enter into the waste water and harm the environment. How scientists will purify the water?

Entering the wastewater medication harm the environment

Daily we merge into the sewer not only waste his life, but also particles of various medicines. At the end of 2019, it became known that from-for hits of chemical elements in the water some fish species , causing greater risk of becoming victims of predators and in the end unable fully to die. Even more damage to animals and nature in General, applied antibiotics, which are used not only in medical purposes but also for growing plants and accelerate the growth of livestock. Scientists already know how to decompose trapped in water antibiotics by using cerium metal, but this chemical element is also harmful to the nature. Fortunately, recently the Russian and Chinese scientists were able to solve the issue.

About a new way of wastewater treatment from antibiotics was described in a scientific journal . As a rule, antibiotics used to treat infections caused by pathogenic bacteria. However, in addition, they are widely used in agriculture to prevent diseases in animals and plants, and accelerate their growth. Due to the high frequency of using antibiotics in large quantities get into the water and harm the health of fish and other living organisms.

How do drugs harm the environment?

Especially popular in agriculture use of antibiotics of the tetracycline group. Their popularity is due to the comparative low cost and broad spectrum of activity, but they do not decompose in water for a very long time. To speed up this process uses the so-called catalysts, which are substances that increase the rate of flow of chemical reactions. For the decomposition of antibiotics is great, the metal is cerium, but it in itself is very harmful to nature. It would be great if it performs its function without getting in the outdoors?

Fortunately, scientists from Russia and China thought to introduce cerium ions in the crystal lattice of Apatite, which is a known mineral. Mostly it is already contained in living organisms phosphate of calcium, therefore, completely harmless to the environment. In experiments, scientists have found that the crystal lattice of the mineral does not allow the catalyst to reach the water, but it allows you to speed up the decomposition of antibiotics.

Chlorinated wastewater contribute to the emergence of new types of antibiotics.

According to the candidate of chemical Sciences Dina Deineko, thanks to their design can not only purify water from antibiotics, but also to identify them even the slightest presence. And the thing that cerium, in addition to their catalytic properties, is also a great indicator of antibiotics.

Perhaps soon the content of antibiotics in wastewater will really slow down. This is great news, considering that during one of the scientific works of scientists that chlorinated wastewater can form a new, previously unknown antibiotics. It turns out that bacteria have the opportunity to develop resistance to not even established drugs. To unsubscribe from chlorine in the water is impossible because of its disinfectant properties, but the reduction in the number of antibiotics in the water would be nice.

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