Why do scientists believe "the tomorrow people" have to live in giant houses made of mushrooms?

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2020-01-21 13:40:07

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it is hoped that homes of the future will not look so

Imagine that you woke up and stood with feet on the floor, which is made entirely from material created based on mushrooms. From the same material made the ceiling, walls and even the plumbing and electricity system. Sounds very strange and unusual, isn't it? But that's how imagine homes of the future some scientists who believe that mushrooms can create , which is better than concrete on several parameters. For example, a natural material in theory can be self-healing and if the building starts to crumble, it can be repaired by simply filling the damaged area with water and let the mushrooms a bit to germinate. But how the scientists can achieve the strength of these brittle building blocks?

About the idea of an international group of scientists was described in a scientific publication , mainly devoted to the technologies of the future. In the published article, the researchers propose to begin the development of construction materials, the main component of which is a live fungal mycelium. This term is commonly understood body of fungi, which consist of many filaments not thicker than 10 micrometers.

How to build self-healing house?

Scientists want to build houses out of mushrooms because the use of such material is less harmful to the nature. As you know, to create concrete slabs and other popular construction materials, carried out destructive mining and requires a lot of fossil fuels. Mushroom cultivation in turn, is not so much harm to the environment. Besides, according to one of the study's authors Khan Westen, fungal materials can have very different mechanical properties. For example, under certain conditions, they can find the properties of the foam, and in the presence of additional components become like a tree.

Mushrooms are composed of mycelium, suitable for creating a building material

To give fungal strength materials, scientists can cover them with a layer of reinforcing substances. They emphasize that people varnish or even paint the wood, and all because this coating protects material from destruction. So in creating based on mushrooms of materials definitely makes sense. Moreover, you can restore them, just to give the mushrooms the conditions for growth. Imagine you accidentally damaged a wall while moving a table from one room to another. To call the repairmen do not have because to fix the wall you just saturate it with water, after waiting some time for its recovery and re-applying the protective layer.

It is Noteworthy that the idea of creating a fungal materials lit by many companies. For example, previously, the company Terreform One and Planetary One already created building blocks called "Mycoform". In fact, these building blocks grew themselves and, according to the researchers, their size has no limits. It is known that the experimental blocks were finished with a mushroom called Ganoderma Lucidum, but at the moment the houses of such material does not exist. And the thing is that they still need improvement. Nobody wants to be the first house made of mushrooms is ruined because of any loss mistakes?

What can I say, the development of fungal materials is engaged in even space Agency . The researchers hope that these building blocks can be created directly on Mars and use it to create . Besides, mushrooms can be used to create medicines. More about this you can read in our special article.

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