#video | the Andromeda Galaxy was the same size as the milky Way

Date:

2020-01-05 04:00:07

Views:

1864

Rating:

1Like 0Dislike

Share:

#video | the Andromeda Galaxy was the same size as the milky Way Source:

the Andromeda Galaxy was not so massive, as I thought experts

All this time, astronomers believed that our nearest Andromeda galaxy about three times more massive than the milky Way. However, this assumption was incorrect. Thus, according to a recent study published in the journal of the Andromeda galaxy are not so different from the milky Way. These spiral galaxies will collide in about 4 billion years. Because of the gravitational pull of Andromeda and the milky Way will merge into a single galaxy, although early astronomers were convinced that our neighbor galaxy will absorb the milky Way.

Overrated the enemy

As the researchers report in the official , in the course of work, they found that the mass of our nearest galactic neighbor, roughly equivalent to the mass of the milky Way. According to calculations, the mass of Andromeda about 800 billion times the mass of the Sun. To determine the mass of the nearest galaxy, the researchers calculated that it is necessary to recruit fast-moving star to escape the gravitational pull of the galaxy in which it resides. The speed required to reach the stars beyond the galaxy known as the exit speed of the object. So, when you launch a rocket into space its speed is 11 km/s, which allows it to overcome the gravitational pull of the Earth. a trillion times heavier than our small planet, so to avoid its gravitational attraction, the speed of the object when you exit the galaxy must be at least 550 km/s.

looks like a billion stars in the Andromeda galaxy

Note that this is not the first time the weight of the galaxy is recalculated based on the analysis of speeds of the output objects inside it. In 2014, astronomers used a similar technique to the mass of the milky Way. According to the results, the amount of mysterious dark matter — of matter which does not interact with the photons of light — in our galaxy is much less than expected by experts.

Collision

After About 4 or 5 billion years the Andromeda galaxy will merge with the Milky way. Despite the fact that our galaxy is not involved in any major , astronomers observed the remnants of previous mergers with dwarf galaxies.

As of 2014, dedicated to the mass of the milky Way, the latest work of scientists suggests that in many previously conducted studies, the amount of dark matter in the galaxy also proved to be overrated. Astronomers studied the orbit of the high speed of stars and found that the amount of dark matter in the galaxy much less than they expected. The result means that all previous models of the collision of galaxies is wrong. In order to understand what will happen during the merge to the correct computer model. But regardless of what will eventually be a collision of galaxies in 4 billion years, the researchers believe that their discovery "completely changed our understanding of the local galactic group." But before we finally know the future of the milky Way, we can find solace in the newfound knowledge — our galaxy will be swallowed by Andromeda, as we once thought. And that's great news.

Recommended

The Americans on the moon: what everyone should know?

The Americans on the moon: what everyone should know?

the Upcoming cosmonautics day is my favorite holiday. It marks the triumph of the human mind: in just four thousand years Homo Sapiens went from hunter-gatherers to space explorers. 12 April 1961 Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin became the first man in ...

Why are some galaxies spiral shaped?

Why are some galaxies spiral shaped?

you Know what surprised me the most? The fact that we perceive the surrounding world as it is. Animals, plants, the laws of physics and the cosmos are perceived by many people as something so mundane and boring that they invent fairies, ghosts, monst...

Astronomers were able to see the death of another star system

Astronomers were able to see the death of another star system

In the cosmic ocean drifts a lot of mysteries about the existence of which we are unaware. One of these was uncovered five years ago, when astronomers have discovered a lonely star at a distance of 570 light years from Earth, the brightness of which ...

Comments (0)

This article has no comment, be the first!

Add comment

Related News

Why the moon has no magnetic field?

Why the moon has no magnetic field?

the Moon lost its magnetic field about a billion years ago the planet's Magnetic field is a unique substance with the help of special electric charge creates a special zone protecting the planet from harmful cosmic radiation. As t...

While we celebrated the New Year in the Solar system broke new comet

While we celebrated the New Year in the Solar system broke new comet

Comet C/2019 Q4 When August 30, 2019 the astronomer of the Crimean astrophysical Observatory Gennady Borisov noticed an unusual interstellar object in our Solar system, the scientific world got the opportunity to expand their know...

#video | What will the company SpaceX in 2020?

#video | What will the company SpaceX in 2020?

Frame from video published by SpaceX American entrepreneur Elon Musk started the company SpaceX back in 2002 with the purpose of space exploration and colonization of Mars. However, for almost 18 years of existence of the organiza...

Is there in the Universe a universal language?

Is there in the Universe a universal language?

a scene from the movie “the Arrival” Starting from the famous novel by Hg wells “war of the worlds”, has for over 100 years, humanity has considered the implications and conflicts that may arise as a result of first contact with p...

As ‘Mars 2020’ will help the future colonists of the red planet?

As ‘Mars 2020’ will help the future colonists of the red planet?

it can help a person to prepare Mars for future colonization As you know, the red planet has repeatedly tried to conquer a variety of devices made by the hands of a curious person. The Mars 2020 mission, whose launch is planned i...

You can move the Solar system?

You can move the Solar system?

you Can move the Solar system with engine Kaplan? is it Possible to build a star engine — a giant device to move our if we for some reason have to move to another area of the Universe? Such an unusual question to ask an astr...

Satellites interfere with astronomers to study the Universe

Satellites interfere with astronomers to study the Universe

this is the span of 60 satellites With the growing world population and increasing concentration of people in cities, many drew attention to the night sky and how it has changed in recent years. especially noticeable in the subur...

#video | What hides behind the stars orbiting the supermassive black hole at the center of our galaxy?

#video | What hides behind the stars orbiting the supermassive black hole at the center of our galaxy?

path of the star S2, passing very close to the supermassive black hole in the center of the milky way in the representation of the artist a Fascinating time lapse taken with an extremely large (VLT) the European southern Observato...

Next to Earth found a new earth-like planet

Next to Earth found a new earth-like planet

Could a new exoplanet to be habitable? planet and Solar system are in a fairly densely populated area of our galaxy. So, we already wrote about the potential discovery of a huge amount of planets, some of which may be deemed to be...

Obtained a detailed picture of the magnetic field of the milky Way

Obtained a detailed picture of the magnetic field of the milky Way

milky way Galaxy our has its own magnetic field and it is very different from the Earth's magnetic field so much weaker than him. The study of magnetic fields in our galaxy will help to learn more about star formation, cosmic rays...

Found a piece of gold was even more valuable stone

Found a piece of gold was even more valuable stone

Left — found in Australian meteorite In 2015, a resident of Australia on behalf of David hole were in search of metals in the regional Park called Maryborough. Scanning the area with a metal detector he found under a layer of yell...

Lasers have learned to find space junk

Lasers have learned to find space junk

the Debris in orbit of the planet affects the Earth's environment Space debris that is formed during the development and stay of people in space every year more and more . In connection with the developing prospects of exploration...

NASA has revealed a new panorama of Mars

NASA has revealed a new panorama of Mars

The first in the history of mankind photo, taken from the surface of Mars. When in 1976, the Rover “Viking-1” for the first time in the history of mankind made the first black and white photo of the surface , astronomical science ...

How space exploration can lead to the emergence of a new kind of people?

How space exploration can lead to the emergence of a new kind of people?

in the coming decades, a person can conquer planets and satellites of the Solar system. In order to survive, he will need to adapt to the new conditions of its space home As you know, any study is considered from the point of view...

What was 2019 for the machine InSight on the red planet?

What was 2019 for the machine InSight on the red planet?

Machine InSight approaches the surface of Mars. In November 2018, the spacecraft landed on the surface of the red planet. As a rule, landing on Mars is the most difficult task for most robotic devices. But in the case of InSight, ...

Intelligent life beyond Earth — reality or fiction?

Intelligent life beyond Earth — reality or fiction?

the Famous poster that hung in the office of agent Mulder. The inscription at the bottom of the poster reads: “Want to believe” the Character of the cult TV series of the 1990s , FBI special agent Fox Mulder, is convinced of the e...

Discovered planet similar to cotton candy

Discovered planet similar to cotton candy

In the cosmos exoplanet found from the “cotton candy.” the cosmos is full of strange and bizarre places. In recent articles we have already talked about , revolving from and even about . According to an article published on the po...

Why die distant galaxies?

Why die distant galaxies?

Supercluster of galaxies may be the reason for stopping star formation. Shortly after his birth, the universe was filled with gas, mostly hydrogen. Over time, gravity drew the gas up to the clouds, which turned into galaxies, whic...

Boeing Cockpit until you fly to the ISS. As it is associated with the 737 Max?

Boeing Cockpit until you fly to the ISS. As it is associated with the 737 Max?

«Starliner» flew 3 days and returned to Earth. Why? Sunday, December 22, the spacecraft Boeing CST-100 Cockpit made a successful landing in new Mexico (USA). Although not everyone believed that the Starliner will make it...

The space telescope

The space telescope "Cheops" is going to search for alien life

the Space telescope “Cheops” When, about two decades ago opened the first exoplanet, space agencies around the world launched a real “arms race”, competing among themselves in making high quality equipment to discover new unexplor...