Climatologists are concerned about the abnormal heat in Siberia

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2020-06-22 21:20:08

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Climatologists are concerned about the abnormal heat in Siberia

a Map showing where in may the temperature was warmer (red) or cooler (blue) than average for a long period of time. Photograph: Modis/NEO/Nasa

Summer 2020 marked by the suppression of coronavirus infection, but this does not mean that the problems associated with climate change, retreated. On the contrary, many regions, including Siberia and Spain, in may with record high temperatures, and climatologists have warned residents of Europe anomalously hot summer. However, most scientists are worried about the high temperature in Siberia: oil spill, forest fires, and the invasion of the Siberian moth in forests of Yakutia and the Krasnoyarsk region became the reason of growth temperatures. On a global scale the heat in Siberia is pushing the world to a new record – the very hot year in the entire history of observations. And this is despite a temporary decline in carbon dioxide emissions due to pandemic covid-19.

Climate crisis

Abnormal temperatures in Siberia are associated with forest fires, the oil spill and the invasion of the Siberian moth, experts say, and this cannot but cause concern. In polar regions the temperature is rising most rapidly, as ocean currents carry heat toward the poles, resulting in melting reflecting sunlight glaciers and snow. So, in the Russian cities in the Arctic circle recorded extremely high temperatures: in the village of lower Pescia 9 June, the temperature reached 30 degrees, and in Khatanga, where at this time of year is around zero, on 22 may, the thermometer showed 25°C. the Previous record was 12°C.

According to the European Commission on climate change Copernicus (C3S), in may the surface temperature in parts of Siberia was 10°C above the average. Anomalous temperature may, according to researchers observed in the North-Western Siberia, likely to occur once in 100 000 years – excluding caused by human activity climate change. If any of the readers Hi-News.ru there are residents of Siberia, and to share information about abnormal heat in the comments to this article, as well as

Fires in Siberia comparable in the extent of fires in Australia

It Should be noted that although in General the planet and heats it unevenly. Western Siberia stands out as the region shows greater warming trend with higher temperature fluctuations. So to some extent, large temperature anomalies are not unexpected. Unusual is that the temperature anomalies above the average t°C was maintained for a long period of time. According to the hydrometeorological centre of Russia, this winter has been the hottest in Siberia for 130 years – average temperatures reached +6°C, well above seasonal norms.

Robert Rohde, lead researcher of the project Berkeley Earth project, British The Gurdian that Russia was faced with record high temperatures in 2020, and the average temperature from January to may was 5.3°C above average temperature 1951-1980 years.

heat wave in Russia

As the scientists of the Krasnoyarsk scientific center SB RAS publishing «Science in Siberia», rising temperature will lead to the emergence in the region of new vegetable crops and insect species. At the same time forest will be much less, and in some places can appear desert. In December President of Russia Vladimir Putin urged to minimize the impact on climate change, commenting on the unusual heat, which directly affects Russia and could lead to serious cataclysms: «some of our city built to the North of the Arctic circle on the permafrost. If it starts to melt you can imagine what the consequences would be. This is very serious.»

Environmental disaster in Norilsk looks like this

The Melting of permafrost is one of the causes of the spill of diesel fuel in Siberia in June 2020. Other large oil spills like the disaster in Norilsk . Among other reasons that led to the disaster, experts have called the depreciation of equipment and problems with the storage of fuel at the facilities of CHPP-3.

Another driver of the temperature increase are forest fires that swept across hundreds of thousands of hectares of Siberian forests. In the spring, farmers often burn bonfires, and the combination of high temperatures and strong winds led to the fact that some of the fires got out of control. The invasion of the Siberian moth, the larvae of which feed on coniferous trees, with each year becoming more of a problem, because with increasing temperature, the number of larvae is growing rapidly. «In my long scientific career I have never seen silkworms were so huge and growing so fast», — AFP Vladimir Soldatov, an expert on moths.

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