In Addition to autism, depression and schizophrenia in humans, can meet a variety of state and syndromes. For example, some of the people of Japan suffer from so-called "Paris syndrome" — they feel anxious at the sight of the French. Stockholm syndrome do not recognize mental illness, although the condition where the victim feels his captor sympathy and even puts himself in his place, obviously cannot be considered normal. Depending on age, hereditary predispositions and even national basis, people produce a lot of syndromes, not all of which fall under medical classification. Let us examine the most interesting of them.
People in this state are contempt for themselves, they feel apathy and socially closed. While they often have no sense of shame, so of these people are pathological drives. The more a person isolates themselves from society, the more rubbish accumulated at his home, and someone even starts to change in appearance due to the neglect of basic hygiene. And not always such people are poor — sometimes Diogenes syndrome occurs in men and women who have a fear of spending money. They don't want to buy something new, so don't throw away the old one.
Room of a person with Diogenes syndrome
Doctors came to the conclusion that this syndrome occurs because of disorders in the anterior cingulate gyrus and insular lobe of the brain. As a rule, these parts are responsible for the decision-making person. Often the disease occurs on the background of severe depression and dementia. Mostly found in older people, its prevalence in the world is about 3%. Drugs can relieve some symptoms, but full recovery is only possible with active social work.
fun fact - he the ancient Greek philosopher Diogenes did not suffer from such disorder. Although he lived in a barrel, but was at the same time minimalist, talked with others and was highly intelligent.
These people are obsessed with their youth.
This condition was named after the main character of the novel of Oscar Wilde's "the picture of Dorian gray". Accordingly, the characteristics of the patients are the same as him — panic and fear of aging. So people in this state buy a lot of cosmetics and make various plastic surgeries that allow them to look younger. Sometimes compensate for aging purchase fashionable youth clothes, even if she is not suitable.
Despite the fact that the syndrome of Dorian gray a characteristic of narcissism and self love, in some cases, this condition can be dangerous, as the slightest violation of the appearance can lead to depression and even to suicide attempts. Most often this condition occurs in public people, actors and musicians who value their physical appearance.
Art can sometimes be fatal.
One of the most unusual syndromes characterized by the occurrence of hallucinations in getting acquainted with the works of art in museums and art galleries. It can also occur when excessive sensibility — for example, if he saw an unusual natural phenomenon, animal, or a very beautiful person. Among the signs of the Stendhal syndrome are observed not only hallucinations, but also fainting, hysteria, destructive behavior, loss of orientation in space. Also such people begins to beat heart and on this background there is a tachycardia.
Syndrome was named after the French writer Stendhal, who complained of fainting and high heart rate when visiting the cultural sites in Florence.
First the Stendhal syndrome was first described in 1979 among tourists visiting Florence. Some of them, being in museums and art galleries, all of a sudden tried to disrupt the pattern or destroying the piece. It is very rare, but just in case, employees of the museums in Florence are instructed how to work with such people.
Unlike the previous described conditions, this syndrome can be seen immediately, because the person has no facial expressions. This is a congenital anomaly that occurs due to improper development of several cranial nerves and facial paralysis. So it seems like people with Moebius syndrome always wear a mask: they cannot smile or make a displeased face. Such people find it difficult to swallow.
Married couple with möbius syndrome have both
The syndrome was First described by German neurologist Paul möbius in 1892. According to his research, this syndrome is found in 10 children out of one million. Because the condition is not too widespread, doctors can't study it and achieve a complete recovery. However, in the early stages due to therapy and medication could reduce the symptoms of the disease. By the way, people with Moebius syndrome often do not suffer from mental disabilities, they become doctors and even scientists, are familiar to most people way of life.
Another poorly understood condition in which a person becomes introverted and not able to recognize other people's emotions. He starts to experience difficulties when interacting with other people, he did not want to once again communicate. This person typically focuses on their own interests and often fixated on any one task. Syndrome is not a disease or any serious anomaly, therefore, many researchers argue that this syndrome should not be regarded as a disorder, and to relate it to individual characteristics of a person.
People with Asperger's syndrome antisocial, but can be a genius
Still not found biochemical, hormonal or genetic markers that uniquely accompany this condition. Not recognize it and when scanning of the brain. And as a treatment for social scientists suggest therapy aimed at expanding the range of communication with other people.
At the same time, due to attention to detail, dedication and thoroughness of these children often make a genius of his craft.
Asperger's Syndrome was, for example, Nikola Tesla and Isaac Newton; to the founder of Apple, and bill gates, who became the head of Microsoft.
If you watched the movie "rain Man", then you know what people are capable of in this state. Such people can have a phenomenal memory, they have an aptitude for music, visual arts, architecture and exact Sciences. For example, a person with savant syndrome can recite a whole book or call the day of the week, which will drop may 20, 2050. As a rule, such people are called "computers" due to their incredible abilities to compute.
One of the best examples of a person with savant syndrome is Kim Pic: it is able to memorize maps of all the cities in the US and on average reads one page in the book in 8 seconds.
Kim Peak, the man with a phenomenal memory
But not everything is as rosy as we would like. the savant Syndrome appears not simply so: it is found in patients with autism and other mental illnesses, and also due to severe traumatic brain injury. Therefore, these people are often poorly developed other skills and they are considered mentally retarded.
See Paris and die? Someone might take this literally.
At the beginning of the article many will not believe that there is such a condition as the fear of the French. However, Paris syndrome was indeed detected in the 80-ies of the last century by the Japanese psychiatrist who worked at that time in France. He noticed that some tourists from Japan while in Paris begin to behave inappropriately, experiencing culture shock from the behavior of local residents and suffer from unrealistic expectations. As a result, the Japanese appear hallucinations, delusion of persecution, anxiety and even nausea and tachycardia. The same was noticed by some Chinese tourists.
Why is this happening? The fact that many Japanese are familiar with Paris only in books and romantic movies. And when they end up in this city yourself, I see that not all the French are so beautiful and graceful, intellectuals there is no more than in any other country. For the disciplined Japanese this is a real shock. Therefore, in the embassies of Japan around the clock hotline assistance to people suffering from the Paris syndrome.
It would Seem that how one can sympathize with his kidnapper? However, such cases do occur. The name of the syndrome after the hostage-taking at a Bank in Stockholm in 1976. Then the criminal, Jan Erik Ulsson held hostages for six days and achieved the liberation of his former cellmate, Clark Olofsson, who also came to "help" him to the Bank. In result of the correct security operation of the police all the hostages eventually were released. The majority stated that they were afraid not of criminals who wanted to Rob a Bank and the police.
Ian Eric Ulsson after a Bank robbery (center)
I Think that was it? And here and there. Accomplice Clark Olofsson with the testimony of witnesses at the Bank could prove that he was not helping the offender, but on the contrary, tried to free the hostages. The court acquitted him on all counts and released. The main robber was sentenced to 10 years in prison, but in prison he continued to correspond with some of the victims, to give them rave reviews.
Later, the FBI investigated this syndrome and concluded that out of 1200 attempts of hostage-taking in 8% of cases there have indeed been Stockholm syndrome. The researchers came to the conclusion that sometimes mutual sympathy between the victim and the invader reduces the risk of death of the hostages and increases the chances of the hostages for the release.
These people think they're dead
This is one of the strangest mental disorders, even more mysterious . People with Cotard's syndrome declare ourselves dead, have lost their blood or internal organs. Therefore, this condition is often called walking corpse syndrome.
for the First time this state in 1880 was described by French neurologist Jules Kotar. Ittreated a woman who believed that some part of her body do not exist, so she doesn't need food. Despite numerous therapy, she did not eat and died of starvation.
Patients with Cotard's syndrome usually anti-social, are in constant depression and have suicidal tendencies. Neurologists consider this syndrome a symptom of incipient schizophrenia. They suggest that this syndrome is associated with gaps between areas of the brain responsible for face recognition, and the areas that associate emotions with that recognition. Due to the fact that the condition is extremely rare, it is little studied, and there is no way its 100% treatment.
«You a lot, but I have one!»
But this state is probably one of the most common today, and probably met many readers . the Manager Syndrome occurs in the background of chronic stress and leads to exhaustion both physical and emotional resources of the person. Most often it leads to the fulfillment of impossible tasks, great responsibility and emotional stress. All of this leads to chronic stress.
As such, the term "Manager syndrome" is not in the international classification of diseases. For its treatment is mainly used in drugs that help cope with stress. In some cases, appointed . However, there is often the need to fight with signs and symptoms and the reason — for example, to talk to my boss or change jobs more calm.
These are just some of the syndromes that occur in humans. All of them have two things in common: scientists can't agree, why they occur, and in most cases there is no 100% treatment. Since many of the syndromes is rarely possible to observe, to study them is not possible.
A syndrome is not fully understood, and cannot be cured.
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