Artificial intelligence for the first time in history created a flu vaccine

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2019-07-17 20:00:08

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Artificial intelligence for the first time in history created a flu vaccine

The better developed systems based on artificial intelligence, the fewer the doubts that sooner or later the AI will do most of the work instead of people. He's already quite successfully diagnose the disease, and doctors seriously discussing the possibility of vesting robotic surgeons some degree of autonomy in operations. Well, recently, artificial intelligence has conquered another milestone: for the first time in the history of modern medicine, he developed the flu vaccine. But how good it is?

How to create a vaccine

In Fairness it should be noted that the computer program used in the development of new drugs and early. But their use was limited to only processing a small part of the information and the forecasting performance of medicines. In the new study, a team of scientists from Flinders University (Australia) has made a huge step forward.

the development of a vaccine has received the name of SAM (Search Algorithm for Ligands or algorithm to search for ligands). Ligands — are chemical compounds that interact with defined molecules acquire different biochemical, physiological or pharmacological effects. In other words, ligands — it is the major element in making medicines. Thanks ligands drugs have a therapeutic effect.

«We had to teach the AI to look for sets of compounds that activate the human immune system and find out which ones are working and which — no. Training of AI was to understand the difference between the drug, which works from that which does not work” — said the study's lead author, University Professor Nikolai Petrovsky Flinders.

The researchers Then developed another program called «synthetic chemist», which has generated trillions of different chemical compounds that «fed» SAM. He, in turn, have conducted the selection of drugs that could interact with the human immune system and act as a flu. After this phase, scientists had only to synthesize the best opinion AI a drug in the laboratory and to test its effectiveness.

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does the vaccine created by AI?

After the vaccine was created, it was tested in the laboratory. First was a series of tests on the culture of human cells, and then on laboratory animals. The result exceeded all expectations.

«In experiments on animals it became clear that the vaccine works. And she has a high degree of protection of the organism against influenza, significantly outperforming all existing vaccines created to date. Now we only need to confirm the results on the people», — says Professor Petrovsky.

It is Worth noting that experiments on volunteers is not far off. A team of scientists received a grant to conduct experiments from the National Institute of Allergy and infectious diseases of the United States. Now in full swing preparations for the full 12-month trial of a new drug.

«it's Nice to see such that we have developed is now ready for tests on people and to enter the world arena», — summed up Mr. Petrovsky.

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