In the Solar system found a new planet

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2019-10-31 13:20:07

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In the Solar system found a new planet

Gigeya a Dwarf planet located in the asteroid belt.

Researchers from the European southern Observatory have confirmed the existence of the smallest planet of the Solar system — Hygeia, which is located between Jupiter and Mars. A dwarf planet is the fourth-largest in the main asteroid belt after Vesta and Pallas. Despite its tiny size (diameter of the dwarf planet is approximately equal to the distance from Moscow to Nizhny Novgorod), the found object has a spherical form and claims to be a full-fledged dwarf planet.

New dwarf planet found in the asteroid belt

What is dwarf planet? According to the definition by the International astronomical Union, can be regarded as an object orbiting the Sun, which is not a moon, but its mass is not able to clear the surrounding area around its orbit. The last requirement of the newfound dwarf planet is that the object has enough mass that its own gravity has given the planet a spherical shape. Discovered in the asteroid belt, Gigeya, as it turned out, meets all the necessary criteria for ascribing it to the planets of the dwarfs.

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A Team from the European space Agency found that the diameter of Hygeia is about 430 kilometers, making it the smallest dwarf planet in the Solar system. So Pluto, which is the most famous of the dwarf planets, can boast of a diameter of 2400 kilometres, while the neighbor Hygeia — Ceres, considered to be among the largest of the dwarf planets in the main asteroid belt, has a diameter which is approximately equal to 950 kilometers.

size dwarf planets from the asteroid belt.

New observations using the Very Large Telescope showed that the surface discovered Hygeia is devoid of any large craters, which could indicate the formation of the dwarf planet in the Wake of a major collision of two other dwarf planets in the distant past of the Solar system. Scientists expected to find at least one large, deep pool shock, similar to what was found on the West. The new study also showed that Gigeya has a spherical shape, thus taking the status of the smallest of the dwarf planet Ceres.

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In Addition, the study of the surface Hygeia showed that a small planet was formed as a result of a major frontal collision with another celestial body, which occurred about 2 billion years ago, completely destroyed the parent body. Once the remaining parts together, creating a modern asteroid belt, Gigeya acquired a round shape. That is a tremendous explosion of two prehistoric objects provoked the appearance is not five, and six dwarf planets, which were subsequently discovered and registered.

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