The Japanese made the car from cellulose

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2019-11-01 17:20:07

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The Japanese made the car from cellulose

the Car from cellulose? This, perhaps, can only Japanese.

Guess a riddle: what material is five times lighter than steel but five times stronger than her? Okay, let's not keep you guessing. Correct answer — cellulose nanofibers (CNF). It is made from ordinary cellulose, the same as used to create paper. However, the cellulose nanofibers can be used for, for example, a car body, and that made the Japanese engineers.

What is cellulose nanofiber?

For starters, you should know that it is done on the basis of wood. Wood — quite a versatile material, but it can be improved. To do this, scientists use a two-step chemical reaction, which gives the tree strength and lightness. First, the researchers boiled the samples of wood in an aqueous solution of sodium hydroxide and sodium sulfite, which partially removes lignin and hemicellulose from the material.

It is necessary that inside the tree was more «space». Moreover, 2 these substances do not have much influence on the final properties of the product. Then the treated wood is subjected to hot pressing, which leads to the destruction of cell walls and formation of highly oriented cellulose nanofibers. The output is a sort of compacted wood that is much stronger than the natural material.

You think scientists stopped? As it is not so! A group of researchers from Kyoto University found that at high pressure, the material can be melted and get out of it something resembling the consistency of tar. This «tar» can be cast in any shape and after curing, the bottom line is to obtain heavy-duty and light components, which, moreover, no problems are recycled.

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As a demonstration, experts from Kyoto University have created from concept supercar, which received the name of Nanocellulose Vehicle. Nanocellulose here was used to create all body parts and most of the interior of a car. According to scientists, the new material allowed us to create a car that weighs 10% less than similar built from usual parts. In addition, the margin of safety and the environmental friendliness of this transport are much higher. We will follow the development of this technology. So if you are interested in this topic, then be sure to subscribe to our news

At first glance, the car is no different from the ordinary

Scientists are still conducting a series of tests parts of the car to make sure that the «wooden» machine will have a good life. Otherwise it wouldn't make sense. While it is hoped that in the near future the appearance of the car of this type all the same should be expected in the market. Because (among which are Toyota), interested in this development. Now major automakers are exploring the possibility of nanocellulose and looking for cheaper ways of production. In the end, even if you fail to create an entire car body out of new material, and automakers will confine myself to some details like the bumpers, then it will be a significant step forward in the automotive industry.

Https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=48ZLgxbD8nE

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