In the deep oceans live the black fish on the ground, which absorb the light

Date:

2020-07-20 21:20:09

Views:

528

Rating:

1Like 0Dislike

Share:

In the deep oceans live the black fish on the ground, which absorb the light Source:

On our planet there are fish that absorb light

The Water quickly diffuses the sunlight, so even at a 100-meter deep seas and oceans is totally dark. That though as-that to Orient in space, many deep-sea creatures resort to the so-called bioluminescence — the ability of living organisms to glow in the dark. However, recently American scientists have found that next to these glowing creatures also live fish that use the darkness as a disguise. Their body is covered in cells that literally absorb any light rays — you can say that deep in the military and fishing ships are floating "black holes". And they need camouflage to sneak up on potential victims and all of a sudden to attack them. In General, at greater depths is a grim struggle for survival.

Black fish

According to research , at the moment scientists know only 16 types of "the black" fish. They were discovered and caught by robots, with remote control in the depths of the Gulf of Mexico (Atlantic ocean) and Monterey Bay (Pacific ocean). In addition to fish, about 2-kilometer depth, was caught and other living creatures. But the attention of scientists was attracted to the deep holders of the gills and unusual cover of the body. Some of them were already known to scientists, but on their way they learned for the first time.

Longhorn fangtooth (Anoplogaster cornuta) is one of those "black fish"

The amazing ability of fish to absorb light drew the attention of the zoologist Karen Osborn (Karen Osborn) from the Smithsonian national Museum of natural history. She tried to take pictures of game fish on camera, but was disappointed to be replaced by images of eyes, teeth and other body parts of strange creatures, it is very hard. To verify this, look at the picture of the saber-toothed Longhorn (Anoplogaster cornuta), which I have attached below. These fish reach 18 cm in length and have many teeth. Some scientists believe them .

Photo taken by zoologist Karen Osborn

light Absorption

To find out exactly what is due to ability of deep-sea fishes to absorb light, scientists have studied the structure of their external skin. It turned out that their external covering consists of a large number melanocytes — the skin cells that produce the substance melanin. And this substance, in turn, has the ability to absorb sunlight. The absorption effect is enhanced by the dense arrangement of cells in two rows — if the particles of light and squeezes through between the first layer, they will fall into the trap of the second layer.

Adiacent (Idiacanthus antrostomus) is another "black" resident of the deep

Upon further study of the structure of deep-sea fishes revealed that the unusual cells are covered with not only their outer shell, but also some organs. For example, one of the caught creatures has a black stomach. If underwater predator will eat glowing in the dark, animal, light particles can't squeeze through the stomach. Evolution ordered very smart — if the stomach of the fish remained transparent after the next meal they would be visible. And all because of the victim as luck would begin to glow, warning relatives of danger.

According to scientists, covering the exterior shell and internal organs cells are able to absorb about 99.5% of the incident particles of light. That is, they seemed to be covered with the black material in the world — the so-called antiblikom (Vantablack). This material was developed in laboratory conditions and able to absorb of 99.96% of light. For more information about him told the author Hi-News.ru Nicholas Khizhnyak — I recommend his article to read, because in the future you will be . Because it is already used in many fields and is particularly useful in the construction of spacecraft.

It Should be noted that absorbing the light bodies have not only a deep-sea fish. I've recently published an article about how why the black color in the world . The exact answer to this question is no, but scientists suggest that the black elements on their wings help to regulate body temperature and attract the attention of females. Could also be that they help the butterfly to hide from various predators.

Recommended

An air leak site has been found on the ISS. What's next?

An air leak site has been found on the ISS. What's next?

Air leak occurs in Russian station module Inside the International Space Station live astronauts from different countries and all of them need oxygen. The air needed for the life of the crew is produced by special equipment, but the tightness of the ...

Why can thinking about death make life happier?

Why can thinking about death make life happier?

Awareness of one's own mortality can be a liberating and awakening experience How do you feel about the idea of death? How often do you think about it and what emotions do you feel? Many of us have been pondering these questions lately. The pandemic ...

A new photo of Jupiter has found a new spot. What's it?

A new photo of Jupiter has found a new spot. What's it?

New photo of Jupiter taken by the Hubble Telescope Jupiter is considered the largest planet in the solar system. It mainly consists of a huge amount of hydrogen and helium, so it has a much lower density than many other planets. Most of all, Jupiter ...

Comments (0)

This article has no comment, be the first!

Add comment

Related News

Mystery of the Sargasso sea, and why there were dead ships

Mystery of the Sargasso sea, and why there were dead ships

At the time, in the Sargasso sea lost a lot of ships. Almost all mystical place, about which people say, giving them a mysterious halo, are on the water. When ”ends”, the disappearances do seem very strange and inexplicable. One o...

10 most mysterious Museum exhibits in the world

10 most mysterious Museum exhibits in the world

still from the film "night at the Museum 2" Today everyone has the opportunity to look at historical objects — it is enough to go to the Museum, which is in almost every major city. It contains thousands of different exhibits, whi...

There is a radio station, which broadcasts in 1982, and nobody knows why

There is a radio station, which broadcasts in 1982, and nobody knows why

Agree, there is something special in the old Soviet tape recorders and radios On the territory of the largest country in the world there is a city shrouded in many mysteries. Thus, according to one of them, in St. Petersburg there...

Why frogs are painted in different colors?

Why frogs are painted in different colors?

Transparent frog Hyalinobatrachium species yaku was opened relatively recently, in 2017 Almost all corners of our planet live frogs amphibian creatures with bulging eyes, devoid of the tail. Today scientists know about the existen...

Hands: the most unusual dinosaurs hunted insects?

Hands: the most unusual dinosaurs hunted insects?

You hardly imagined such dinosaurs, isn't it? About 66 million years ago, along with a huge tyrannosaurs and Diplodocus on the planet ran a tiny alvarezsaurid (Alvarezsauridae). We are talking about a small family of dinosaurs, wh...

Monkeys turning gray too, but not because of aging

Monkeys turning gray too, but not because of aging

Chimpanzees and humans are very close relatives by nature to determine the age of a person, just look at his face. If the skin is covered with wrinkles, and her hair formed a graying — so the age of a person clearly more than 30 y...

5 of the greatest scientists in the history of mankind

5 of the greatest scientists in the history of mankind

albert Einstein — the man who is synonymous with the word "science" every day we follow the news of science, but what is it? If to speak in essence, science is an activity in which humanity learns and puts into a single system a v...

Why positive changes in your life hurt?

Why positive changes in your life hurt?

it Turns out that positive changes can cause sadness and melancholy. We tend to think that only negative changes cause pain. We associate pain with losses, failures and setbacks. However, in our life there are positive changes tha...

Why do people like

Why do people like "round numbers"?

a scene from the movie "the Hangover" Imagine the situation when you entered the store and saw two delicious chocolate. One of them is on sale with 90% discount, and the other you can buy on 91,27% cheaper. It would be very logica...

In the human throat, can worms

In the human throat, can worms

Parasitic worms can grab even tonsils On our planet there are very insidious creatures, the parasitic worms that go into people and large animals, and then suck them of energy. Most people infected with pork tapeworm (Taenia soliu...

On Earth found another continent. Yes, that's right

On Earth found another continent. Yes, that's right

world Map looks familiar, but we're not seeing all the continents. We are taught from childhood that the Earth has six continents and six continents, though they are not strictly correspond to each other. Where America is divided ...

Is there a Bermuda triangle in fact

Is there a Bermuda triangle in fact

whether There is really? Oh not the fact. for Many years people secretly or openly believe in the Bermuda triangle. Some argue that it does not exist, while others believe that it is real. Disputes do not cease for many years, but...

The mystery of Dyatlov pass is finally revealed?

The mystery of Dyatlov pass is finally revealed?

Chilling story experienced hikers disappeared in the Ural mountains more than sixty years ago formed the basis of numerous myths, legends and conspiracy theories the Mysterious death of tourists in the Ural mountains in 1959, for ...

Fixed the physics of quantum noise in the LIGO lab – what you need to know?

Fixed the physics of quantum noise in the LIGO lab – what you need to know?

Thanks to the work of the laboratories LIGO, VIRGO scientists have been able to detect gravitational waves researchers from the LIGO project demonstrated how the hyperfine tuning of the devices allows them to push the boundaries o...

The most dangerous island in the Land: diseases, snakes, and natives with spears

The most dangerous island in the Land: diseases, snakes, and natives with spears

In the world, there are Islands that are better not to meddle. According to scientists, our planet is more than 500 thousand Islands. Most of them are located in close proximity to Japan, Indonesia, the Philippines, Norway and oth...

When was founded the oldest company in the world?

When was founded the oldest company in the world?

still from the TV series "the Office." Today, one of the most recognizable companies are Apple, Google and Microsoft. First firm produces popular smartphones, the second created the well-known search system, and the third develope...

The most unusual theory of the origin of life

The most unusual theory of the origin of life

There are several theories of the origin of life on our planet. Life on Earth began over 3 billion years ago, over time evolved from simple microbes to incredibly complex organisms. But as life on our planet originated from «...

What is the General theory of relativity?

What is the General theory of relativity?

General relativity is a geometric theory of gravitation, developing his special theory of relativity General relativity is a fundamental building block of modern physics. She explains gravity based on the ability of space «be...

Large vegetables can save humanity from starvation

Large vegetables can save humanity from starvation

In different parts of the world regularly hosts competitions for the biggest vegetable. Tomatoes, which are considered to be the main ingredients of various salads and pizzas were first consumed in South America. In the wild they ...

The largest beetle in the world can knock you down

The largest beetle in the world can knock you down

Beetles-Goliath — real bullets If you ever have an opportunity to ride a motorcycle on the roads of Africa, be sure to wear a helmet. The fact that over the African lands actively fly the heaviest insects in the world — beetles-Go...