Russian scientists have developed a device that allows to win space disease

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2019-03-11 18:15:11

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Russian scientists have developed a device that allows to win space disease

Scientists from the Institute of biomedical problems of RAS have developed a device for the diagnosis of space motion sickness (CBD), facing nearly a third of people who flew into space. Her symptoms almost as soon as the person gets to the conditions of weightlessness. Constant nausea and vomiting, dizziness, weakness, and the emergence of various kinds of hallucinations (for example, a person feels a constant rotation) – all this is the result of a sensory conflict caused by the vestibular apparatus. The symptoms continued for a few days until the brain adapts to the new conditions of gravity.

When returning from orbit of the Earth the person can re-emerge the symptoms of space motion sickness and will continue until, until the body re-adapted to normal gravity. One of the examples we talked not so long ago.

The Predisposition of a person to the CBD – the problem is actually not so terrible for those of the crews of ISS since long-term stay on the space station far exceeds the period of adaptation to the changed conditions. However, CBD may represent a very serious problem when talking about future flights and vysotkah a man on the moon or Mars. For example, according to the observations of the astronauts who flew to the moon, some of them of KBD was observed in the case of landing on the moon. The symptoms of the disease can be so debilitating that just take a person out of balance and do not allow to rise to his feet unaided.

To suppress the symptoms of CBD are currently used special medicines. However, they are not a panacea. These drugs usually have many side effects that lower the performance of humans in space.

In the IBMP consider that the introduction of special machines, able to train the vestibular apparatus, will allow to achieve an effective reduction of intensity and duration of symptoms of space motion sickness. With this purpose we developed a device "VEGA". It provokes a short-term occurrence of the symptoms of space motion sickness under terrestrial conditions, simulating the effects of weightlessness on the human vestibular apparatus. To do this, he rotates the subject around the longitudinal axis of the body in a horizontal position with a speed of 24 rpm. As a result of microgravity is provided by the redistribution of fluids within the middle ear, which is characteristic for the conditions of real space flight.

While in the capsule, the special feeling of rotation disappears in 30-60 seconds from the beginning of the test. Then, the vestibular system begins to adapt relative to the gravity vector, which causes the symptoms of space motion sickness. Upon completion of the test, their severity is evaluated on a 16-point scale, then it is possible to make a conclusion about the degree of predisposition of a subject to the CBD.

The Unit "VEGA" can be used not only for diagnosis and treatment of vestibular disorders future astronauts. It can also be used for training of the vestibular apparatus in humans suffering from, for example, motion sickness in transport. However, scientists note that in this case the VEGA will only be effective for the treatment of the condition, which are caused by misalignment of the signals from the bodies located inside the middle ear (so-called semicircular canals and otolith receptors). And this in turn only sources of sensory conflict, resulting in feelings of sickness. Another reason for the symptoms of motion sickness is the conflict of the signals from the vestibular apparatus and vision. But using an integrated approach of treatment to overcome this condition possible, experts added.

To date, the unit "VEGA" has been successfully tested with the participation of a group of 14 volunteers, 8 of whom are astronauts, they have CBD was shown during the flight.

The Developers note that with sufficient financing the start-up of small-scale production of the machine to diagnose and treat problems with the vestibular apparatus and its introduction into medical practice can be arranged during the year.

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