NASA will send to Mars the apparatus of Perseverance to produce oxygen

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2020-04-01 02:40:09

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NASA will send to Mars the apparatus of Perseverance to produce oxygen

For several years Now, the world is watching history of the Rover with an unusual name, “Perseverance” (eng. Perseverance). The fact that the device must Supplement the information previously obtained through other Rovers, but for this, Perseverance to overcome difficulties caused by the limitations of the scientific equipment installed on the Rover Spirit, Opportunity and Curiosity. However, this mission differs from previous not only the name of greatest interest today is safely hidden inside the hull of the Golden box – “moxie” – with which Perseverance will attempt to convert the small amount of atmospheric carbon dioxide of Mars in a clean, breathable oxygen. Agree, this is a really unique mission. Perseverance will go to the Red planet on July 17 of this year.

Rover the spacecraft, which is able to move on the surface of other planets. At the moment the Mars Rover "Curiosity", which was planted on the planet's surface 6 August 2012.

is There life on Mars?

To name new Mars Rover NASA experts asked students across the country. As a result, evaluating 28,000 options, engineers chose the name Persistence offered by seventh-grader named Alexander Mather from Virginia. The launch will take place this summer. In total, the flight will take 8 months of Perseverance will land on Mars in February 2021. As an American national Agency, as all the previous research mission, the Perseverance to face difficulties and will make many amazing discoveries. We will remind that recently with another of NASA's Insight, scientists were able to prove .

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Run Perseverance will take place on the Atlas V rocket, which in its submission, told my colleague Nicholas Khizhnyak. The Rover will be equipped with new research tools, including an onboard laboratory for sampling Martian rocks, the optical sensor 23 and the camera at the highest resolution. Moreover, the new Rover enhanced Autonomous helicopter on solar energy, the task is to search new places for research. Note that no vehicle flew into the atmosphere of another planet. Using the built-in mini-chopper NASA wants to learn how to behave aircraft on Mars and whether to fly at all, as the atmosphere of the red planet is 100 times less dense than on Earth. When the Persistence reaches the surface of Mars, it needs to land in the Martian Jezero crater, which, according to experts of NASA, perhaps at some point in the history of the planet, there was life. Sampling conducted in these parts, needs to open the treasure trove of information that can help researchers in their ongoing search for a better understanding of whether Mars once or not.

Run Perseverance will take place on the Atlas V rocket, which told my colleague Nicholas Khizhnyak.

How Perseverance will get oxygen?

looks like the build of Perseverance, NASA experts

Despite all the above challenges, the Perseverance of a few of the imagination – even the famous science fiction writer ray Bradbury predicted something similar in his “the Martian Chronicles” – a gold box moxie, is designed to convert atmospheric carbon dioxide of the red planet into breathable oxygen, was the greatest. Moxie is quite difficult device to separate the oxygen atoms from existing molecules of carbon dioxide, resulting in carbon monoxide, oxygen and other byproducts.

Even more fascinating articles about how scientists around the world are exploring the Red planet read on

The Atmosphere of Mars consists of about 95% carbon dioxide, so it is enough to turn it into oxygen. Unfortunately, moxie produces only a small amount of oxygen is about six grams per hour – and this is just enough to save the life of a little dog. In addition, moxie will not work all the time, because Perseverance requires energy to other equally important scientific operations. If successful, scientists will be able to once and for all prove that Mars can produce enough oxygen to sustain human life. I think this data cannot be underestimated – in the end we will be just incredible, if there will be breathing for a long time. Also, it will be very interesting to see how moxie works and how its processes affect the exploration of Mars in the future.

setting the “moxie” to NASA's “Perseverance”

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