For anybody not a secret that most of the ice on our planet are concentrated on the South and North poles in the "upper" and "lower" caps of the Earth. In other regions, just too warm for the existence of "permafrost". Can you imagine how much water is stored in these ice reserves. But there is a problem: due to the malicious nature of the actions of mankind, the global temperature is rising, and the glaciers begin to melt. And if it melts, it is unlikely we will be able to bring their ice form. And the world will come to an end.
Antarctic cap, top view
Take, for example, the Antarctic ice sheet. This is the "top" cap of the Earth (when viewed on a conventional map). It contains 61% of all freshwater on Earth. If it melts, the oceans — that is, everything related to the sea and the oceans will rise 60 meters. It is about 20 floors. All the coastal cities will disappear under water, like many tropical Islands. The most luxurious resorts of the Earth will cease to exist. Terribly, if present.
it looks like the biggest glacier in Antarctica
The Thwaites Glacier is a huge block of ice (in 48 times more the Moscow area), which is located in the Western part of Antarctica. In the result of climate change, this glacier began to melt. Remember what happens with ice cream: first it resists melting, but gradually melts faster and faster, turning into muck. If you just throw ice cream in their natural habitat — in the freezer — the process will stop and it will retain its shape. If not, will have to freeze the puddle already. This is what is happening with the Thwaites glacier: he's very close to enter into an irreversible process of melting.
it looks like Antarctic ice sheet
Scientists that this process can lead to the fact that glacier's "float away" in the open sea, will melt completely and will raise global sea level by 50 centimeters. And the Thwaites glacier will be followed by other Antarctic glaciers. This will start a world catastrophe.
Alex Robel, assistant Professor Georgia Institute of Technology, said that if the glacier will move in this unstable state where it will never be able to return to the ice form, that even if the temperature increase on Earth will stop, ice will still melt for 150 years. This means that your great-grandchildren will not be able to relax in the Maldives or in the Crimea it will be all water.
At the moment, the underwater part of Antarctica remains poorly studied, and scientists can't accurately say what will happen with glaciers. They say that at the current rate of warming, Antarctica will melt for 200-800 years. Complete loss of the West Antarctic shield will cause the level of seas and oceans will rise five meters.
We could try to change the climate artificially, but this attempt can lead to more problems and just to put an end to a happy human existence. Read how scientists and how they fail.
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