Found a place that has not suffered at the hands of man

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2020-03-17 10:20:08

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Found a place that has not suffered at the hands of man

Reading the news about how the oceans have become , you would think that mankind hurt each corner of the planet . However, recently the staff of the National geographic society found the place where the human hand has still not arrived. We are talking about the underwater forest of kelp, located on the outskirts of South America, near the archipelago of Tierra del Fuego (Tierra del Fuego). Scientists have studied this place in 1973, and then among the densely growing algae lived sea urchins, starfish and various fish. Diving in the underwater forest after almost 50 years, divers have found that the local inhabitants feel great to this day. But as the algae and aquatic inhabitants managed to survive in a time when the world is literally drowning in piles of plastic garbage?

What are underwater forests?

A well-preserved forest of brown algae was described in a scientific journal . Such accumulations of algae at the moment are on the brink of extinction due to the impact of global warming, so found in excellent condition forest can be considered a miracle. Kelp forests are usually located near coasts, at the depth of 10-25 meters. Typically, they grow algae from the groups Laminariales, Macrocystis and Nereocystis, the length of which can reach 60 meters at weight up to 150 pounds. All this vegetation attracts many marine animals, therefore, kelp forests are considered to be a favorite place for sea urchins, stars, crabs, molluscs and tube worms.

Underwater forests are the favorite habitat of sea urchins and stars

a Place untouched by man

According to scientists, the underwater forest remained intact even after half a century because he was very distant from people. Besides, it is surrounded by the restless sea, which in theory can protect the place from the plastic garbage and other troubles. Due to these two factors in safe and sound there are not only algae, but also lived among them fish and other marine life. Perhaps the isolated location also reduced the harm from global warming, but rather about the same time, scientists will know only in the framework of the following scientific papers.

the length of the seaweed in the underwater forests can reach 60 meters.

How to preserve nature?

Thanks to the discovery of a pristine kelp forests, scientists have been able to see as well would live marine life and algae, if mankind is not . In further studies, the researchers want to find out what other factors helped the algae and animals to survive in such a difficult time. The new knowledge will help ecologists to protect the area of our planet that are particularly affected by human impacts. Perhaps because of all this they will be able to increase the duration of life underwater forests for at least 50 years.

Today, much attention should be given to forests of the Amazon, because recently scientists came to the conclusion that they can after a few decades. The greatest danger to forests, of course, are the people. Moreover, that humanity is actively cutting down forests for construction materials, and ruining it indirectly, by throwing into the air huge amounts of greenhouse gases. Due to the harmful emissions on the planet is occurring greenhouse effect, which gradually increases the temperature and leads .

Near the group of Islands of Tierra del Fuego is the underwater forest, untouched by man

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