The body's cells can "count"

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2020-01-02 01:20:05

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The body's cells can

living organisms capable of arithmetic calculations

It is well Known that our bodies consist of trillions of tiny cells, each of which performs a unique function. As informs a portal , a team of researchers from Johns Hopkins University found that the cells of all living organisms on our planet, “trained” is very incredible skills, which are aimed at maintaining the life of an individual. According to their statement, are able to perform arithmetic calculations, manifesting itself as a separate living entity. What such a statement could mean for modern science?

Can cells think?

Cell — absolutely basic unit of all living things on the planet, possessing the ability to metabolism and even to reproduce. Outside of every cell of a mammal has a huge number of hairs-the cilia help the cell to move and perceive its environment. It is known that almost all have at least one cilium, which perceives physical or chemical signals. However, some specialized types of cells, such as cells lining the respiratory and reproductive tracts, have hundreds of cilia on their surface that help move fluid through the system. In other words, for some reason, these highly specialized cells refuse from the strict numeric control, producing hundreds and thousands of new cilia.

Trying to find the answer to this riddle, Andrew Holland and his team from Johns Hopkins University have carefully studied the basis of cilia — the place where the organelles are attached and growing from the surface . This base is a microscopic cylindrical structure called a centriole.

According to Holland, a centriole formed in unicellular cells before the cell divides. However, formation of these structures is somewhat different from a similar process that occurs in multicellular organisms. For example, in more complex structures are the so-called Deuteronomy, which resembles a copier that allows you to produce hundreds of centrioles, which in turn allows you to create multiple cilia.

Cilia help the cell to understand the environment

When researchers found that genetically modified mice had the same number of cilia on cells and mice with deuteranomaly, they were surprised with the results. Thus, it was found that cells without dataroom can create a new centriole as fast as cells with them. Knowing this, scientists have engineered mouse cells, which was absent as Deuteronomy and parental centriole then counting the number of cilia formed in multicellular cells. It is noteworthy that even in the absence of parental centrioles was not affected in a finite number of cilia, the number of which ranged from 50 to 90 instances.

In Other words, proteins that are discovered in this rather poorly studied region of the cell, contain certain elements that are essential for the construction of centrioles, “counting” and controlling the amount formed of the cilia even in the absence of dataroom and parent structures. Such an understanding of the biological mechanisms can help mankind to find new methods of treatment of many diseases, defining targets for drug of new generation.

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