Scientists have created a chip, very similar to the human brain

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2019-12-19 14:40:09

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Scientists have created a chip, very similar to the human brain

it is possible that soon we will be able to create a truly thinking robot.

Despite the fact that we often talk about artificial intelligence, the human and machine brain, there is one key difference — it is their structure. Built on the neurons and on the chips and transistors neural networks — is not the same thing. However, a rather interesting discovery was made by scientists at the University of California James Gimzevski and Adam Stig. They created a chip , which in structure is very similar to the human brain. And this may be the first step towards the creation of truly intelligent machines.

How to create an artificial brain

In collaboration with their colleagues from the Japanese National Institute of materials science, the team created an experimental device that demonstrated characteristics similar to certain types of «behavior» brain — learning, remembering, forgetting information, wakefulness and even sleep.

Then, as the device is constantly evolving, very similar to the behavior of the human brain. It can «come up with» different types of behaviours, which are not repeated. — scientists say in a press release, dedicated to their work.

A Device that was created by the researchers, is made of «ball» silver nanowires with an average diameter of 360 nanometers (approx.ed. nanometer — is one billionth of a metre). Nanowires were coated with an insulating polymer with a thickness of about 1 nanometer. In General, the device turned out to the size of 10 square millimeters.

Randomly assembled on a silicon wafer of nanowires formed highly organized structures, which are remarkably similar to those that form the neocortex, the part of the brain involved in higher functions such as language, perception and cognition. One of the features that distinguish the nanowire network from the usual electronic circuits is that electrons passing through them cause a change in the physical configuration of the network. In the study, the electric current caused the silver atoms to migrate from the polymer coating and form new connections. The system had roughly 10 million such connections that the same synapses, through which are connected and communicate with brain cells.

the new Device chip

The Researchers attached two electrodes to the resulting sample to check how the neural network. After the current is flowed through the network of communication between the nanowires was maintained for one minute that resembled the process of learning and memory occurring in the brain. In other cases, the relationship abruptly after the end of the charge, imitating «the process of forgetting».

In other experiments, the research team found that when a smaller power consumption of the device demonstrates the behaviors consistent with what I see neuroscientists when they use functional MRI scanning to produce images of the brain of a sleeping person. When more power nanowire system behaves the same as a waking brain. What do you think, is this really a step towards the creation of intelligent machines? Write about it in our .

Our approach may be useful for the creation of new types of equipment that are both energy efficient and able to handle complex data sets.

Due to their similarities with the inner workings of the brain future devices based on nanowires, can be extremely energy efficient. The human brain runs at the speed approximately equivalent power of a 20-watt incandescent bulbs. In contrast, computer servers that run the time-consuming tasks, use hundreds of times more power.

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