Is it possible to create a quantum computer? Scientists say that there

Date:

2019-12-18 05:40:09

Views:

695

Rating:

1Like 0Dislike

Share:

Is it possible to create a quantum computer? Scientists say that there

is it Possible to create a quantum computer in reality?

Many of you are aware that the fall of 2019, Google and IBM began to have real confrontation: when Google representatives announced their “quantum supremacy” in view of the successfully completed quantum computation, IBM suddenly picked up the baton, demonstrating the ability of their new supercomputer to perform calculations almost with the same speed and with much greater accuracy than quantum computer Google. It was not the first case when somebody questioned in quantum computing. Last year, Michel Dyakonov, a theoretical physicist from the University of Montpellier in France, offered a variety of theoretical reasons according to which is convenient for practical use quantum supercomputers may never be built. How can you determine who is right and who is not?

Why the creation of supercomputers may be at risk?

— an extremely useful invention in the creation of artificial intelligence of the future, new methods of cryptography and even new types of batteries. Despite the universality of its application, the device can never become fully effective. So much for the encouraging conclusions of the French scholar Michel deacons, who for many years worked on the implementation of quantum computing. The scientist believes that due to the inevitability of random errors in the hardware devices truly useful is unlikely to ever be built.

In order to understand why the creation of supercomputers of new generation could be at risk, we should first understand the principles of operation of this computing device. According to an article published on the portal , modern computers work on the principle of binary code when storing data, while the already established use of quantum bits or qubits.

Qubits have special properties: they can exist in a superposition, being simultaneously the zero and the unit, while being entangled between them, even if they are at a considerable distance from each other. Such unusual behavior is not associated with the world of classical physics, as the superposition disappears when the experimenter interacts with the quantum state.

Thanks to superposition, a quantum computer with 100 qubits can simultaneously present 2100 solutions. For some tasks this exponential parallelism can be used to create huge advantages in speed of computation. However, there is another, more narrow approach to quantum computing, in which qubits are used to speed up optimization problems. Thus, the company D-Wave Systems, based in Canada, has built a system of optimization that use qubits for this purpose, although some critics argue that the resulting systems are not better than classical computers.

Quantum computing company D-Wave Systems

Despite this, companies and countries are investing huge sums of money into quantum computing. It is known that China has built a new center for quantum studies worth 10 billion U.S. dollars, while the European Union has developed a General plan for quantum studies in the amount of € 1 billion or $ 1.1 billion. A new law on national quantum the initiative of the United States provides for the allocation of 1.2 billion USD over a five-year period.

The Possibility of breaking encryption algorithms is a powerful motivating factor for many countries. So, knowledge of the encryption systems of the enemy would give a huge advantage in intelligence, while simultaneously helping to conduct new basic research in physics, as modern experimental systems have at their disposal less than 100 qubits. To achieve a useful computational performance of a supercomputer, we may need machines with hundreds of thousands of qubits. In order for the device to function correctly they need to fix all the small random errors in the software. In a quantum computer these errors arise from nonideal circuit elements and the interaction of the qubits with their environment. For these reasons, the qubits could lose coherency just a fraction of a second, which can lead to erroneous results of computer work.

In Other words, although quantum supercomputers and have the right to exist, the correctness of their calculations may fall under big question. What do you think, will the man one subjugate of quantum technology? Share your opinion with like-minded people in our .

Recommended

The Oculus zuest 2 virtual reality helmet for $300. What's he capable of?

The Oculus zuest 2 virtual reality helmet for $300. What's he capable of?

Why is the new Oculus zuest 2 better than the old model? Let's work it out together. About a decade ago, major technology manufacturers introduced the first virtual reality helmets that were available to ordinary users. There were two ways to find yo...

The mysteries of neurotechnology - can the brain be used as a weapon?

The mysteries of neurotechnology - can the brain be used as a weapon?

DARPA has launched the development of a neural engineering system to research a technology that can turn soldiers into cyborgs Despite the fact that the first representatives of the species Homo Sapiens appeared on Earth about 300,000 - 200,000 years...

What materials can be used to build houses on Mars?

What materials can be used to build houses on Mars?

Marsha constructions n the surface of the Red Planet SpaceX CEO Elon Musk is hopeful that humans will go to Mars in the next ten years. Adapted for long flight ship Starship is already in development, but scientists have not yet decided where exactly...

Comments (0)

This article has no comment, be the first!

Add comment

Related News

The new development will transform any windshield in the AR display

The new development will transform any windshield in the AR display

Turn the car windshield in the AR projector? Sounds good! is no longer something out of the ordinary. Take the same smartphones: almost any modern (and even not so modern) gadget can be easily operated with augmented reality to g...

Tried scale that help monitor the health

Tried scale that help monitor the health

These scales do not just weigh, they analyze the condition of the body have You noticed how the increased popularity of healthy lifestyle in the last couple of years? Difficult to say exactly what this is, but the fact that your b...

Created contact lenses with the zoom function. How do they work?

Created contact lenses with the zoom function. How do they work?

Robotic contact lenses in the future will be available for daily use Perhaps this news will please all who wear — a team of researchers from the University of California in San Diego () has created a pair of soft contact len...