Mystery holes: scientists will study the mysterious dips in the sea

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2020-07-23 19:00:12

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Mystery holes: scientists will study the mysterious dips in the sea

"the Blue hole" it is possible to calculate the most mysterious objects of the Earth

From the height of bird flight, the Ground looks perfectly round but in fact, it has a lot of different mountains and valleys. Scientists have pretty well studied volcanoes and the depths of water, but some parts of our home planet still remain unexplored. These places include the so-called "blue holes" — underwater caves and vertical grooves, which were formed millions of years ago. In the pictures they look like dark blue circles near the coasts of continents. Since they are under water, their study is still given to scientists with great difficulty. However, soon researchers will begin a study of some of the most mysterious holes located on the coast of Florida. What they can detect at a depth of several hundred meters?

What is a blue hole?

Despite the fact that the "blue holes" are difficult to study, they already know a few interesting facts. According to scientists, these depressions were formed during the ice age when the water level on the planet was lower by 100-120 metres than it is now. Under the influence of heavy rains, loose calcareous rocks washed and in their place formed a deep pit. After the ice age, the once dry land was under water. As a result of these natural processes have formed these mysterious holes.

photo: blue hole of the Belize

They should not be confused with cenotes — failures, which were formed during collapse of the vaults of limestone caves with underground waters. These natural formations are especially many on the Yucatan Peninsula, whose territory once upon a time lived the Mayans. Civilization, which used these formations for sacrifices. It was believed that these depressions are the gateway to the realm of the dead and the water has magical properties. So, cenotes are situated on land, "blue holes" are underwater and inaccessible.

Cenotes are favorite places of many tourists.

species Diversity

According to scientists, these failures may be unknown to science beings. In fact, many fish can live in conditions with high pressure and lack of sunlight. If you don't believe me, read my material — perhaps in the mysterious holes inhabited by such monsters. And if you unleash the imagination, and you can assume that the mysterious "holes" live creatures that are currently considered to be fabulous.

What the ancient people of China were sure that the blue hole near the Paracel Islands lives a real dragon. According to legend, he is the master of the underwater Kingdom and gave one endowed with superhuman monkey wand. According to scientists, the so-called "Dragon Hole" has a depth of about 300 meters. But no fantasy creatures in it were found in the upper part there are about 20 species of living organisms, and at a depth of over 100 meters no one. And all because there scientists generally have not found oxygen.

it sounds awful, but it is — "Hole of the Dragon."

the Study of the deep sea

Depression near the Paracel Islands already pretty well studied, but similar objects on our planet is still full. Take, for example, a hole called the "Green banana", which is located on the coast of the U.S. state of Florida. Its depth is estimated at 130 meters and there is clearly not necessary to take any special equipment. In this regard, a group of several scientific organizations, the United States decided to conduct an expedition with the participation of professional divers. They will try to find out what organisms live in these waters, and also measure the amount of the contained nutrients. According to research , the mission will be held in August 2020.

In the pit "Amberjack" people are already immersed — so looks like the view from the depths

If all goes smoothly, next year the researchers want to dive into the depths of the pit "Amberjack", which is also located off the coast of Florida. It is slightly less than the aforementioned "Green banana" — its depth is estimated at about 72 meters. According to representatives of the National oceanic and atmospheric administration, which is the main sponsor of the study, these holes can be full of all sorts of animals. For example, they can live molluscs, sea turtles and even sharks.

And the deepest place on Earth is still the Mariana trench depth of 10 028 meters. Recently, in its depths was found toxic for people of substance — you can read about it .

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