Google has announced the next big step in the development of artificial intelligence, describing a new approach to machine learning, by which neural networks can be used to create more efficient neural networks. In fact, we are talking about teaching machines to create their own kind.
An Artificial neural network tailored to simulate the learning process of the brain, and, according to Google, its new technology, called AutoML that can make these networks even more powerful, more efficient and easier to use.
The CEO of Google, Sundar Pichai showed an example of the work AutoML, speaking at the conference Google I/O 2017 — annual event for developers of hardware and software, where a company usually is or at least talks about the products on at the moment.
"it Works like this: we take the set of candidates in a neural network, — call them neural networks-kids — and repeatedly run through them searching for bugs already trained network until then, until you get an even more effective neural network", — said Pichai.
This process is called stimulated learning, where the search for errors the computer will rely on some kind of reward. On the same principle, for example, are teaching new tricks to dogs. Of course, in the case of computers, it requires the presence of a huge computing power, but the power Google has already reached such a level that one neural network can easily analyze the work of another neural network.
To create a neural network requires a team of experts in computer engineering and a huge amount of time, but thanks AutoML in the future, virtually anyone will be able to build your own AI system and program it to execute any tasks.
"We hope that the technology AutoML, which is currently available only to a few research centers in three to five years will be available for hundreds, or better thousands of developers of neural networks who want to use them for their specific purposes," — Pichai wrote in an official blog.
Schema technology AutoML: a multilevel analysis of the neural networks to determine the most intelligent of them
Machine learning is the attempt to endow a computer with the ability to make their own conclusions on the basis of the available information is only one approach in the development of artificial intelligence, including two important aspects: the learning process and the ability to make their own conclusions based on it. With training everything is relatively clear. Show computer hundreds of thousands of pictures with cats and dogs, and he will eventually understand what combination of pixels is each of these animals. The second part is more complicated. It is here from the car you want to show us what she learned, and on the basis of this training to come to a logical guess. To draw a conclusion.
Now replace cats and dogs on a neural network and you will get an idea of how it works AutoML, which is animal identification recognizes which of the presented systems is the most intelligent. According to Google, even now, the level AutoML already is that it can be more effective than human experts in search of best approaches to resolve specific problems. In the future this will significantly simplify the process of creating new AI systems, as a matter of fact they will create themselves as such.
At the moment AutoML is still at an early stage of its development, Google says, however, AI, machine learning and deep machine learning (advanced methods of learning machines based on the simulation of neurons of the human brain) – all of them are somehow already find its use in applications and areas that we use and in which we find ourselves daily.
As part of the demonstration on stage its I/O conference, Google engineers showed how their technology of machine learning can significantly lighten very dark images or, for example, to remove from them the various noises. And all these actions a machine can execute only relying on information obtained through the analysis of millions of other clear sample pictures. Google say that their supercomputers are now more efficient in the process of recognition of what is in the photo. Based on this technology soon will be released a custom Google Lens, can effectively to determine what flower (or flowers) is now in front of you (or the shots), using a smartphone camera.
This heavy-duty algorithms on the basis of deep learning in the future will definitely find a place for its application in medicine, where the system running on their basis, will determine on the pictures signs of malignant tumors and most cases make it much more effective professional surgeons.
With the help of technology AutoML AI platform would be faster to learn and will be much smarter. However, waiting for this moment will have a bit longer than the promised "floral app" for the Android platform. Whatever it was, up to this moment, application developers, and scientists will have plenty of time to get to know AutoML.
"We think that this technology will lead to new neural networks and open opportunities when not even the experts can create their own personal neural networks for their specific needs, which in turn will only increase the ability of machine-learning techniques to have more influence on us all," — according to research Google Quoc Le and Barrett Zof.
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