no doubt, very important for the development of our civilization. Thus for an organization almost without exception, space missions will apply the most modern technologies. However, few people realize that many things we use today, «came to us from outer space». Initially designed for flight on oribit of the Earth or on the moon things have become somewhat commonplace. Today we will tell you about the most interesting ones.
The US Company Black & Decker has released the first in the history of the cordless drill in 1961, and the beginning of the program «Apollo» by order of NASA was to develop a device for easy extraction of lunar soil samples. Experience working on drill allowed the company to create on its basis a small vacuum cleaner which could be operated even with one hand. Now these gadgets can be found in almost every store.
Without these elements modern clothes, it seems that it is impossible to imagine. However, the first «zip» was patented in 1914. But distribution she received. However, in conditions of weightlessness, astronauts need to be able to easily and conveniently unbuttoning and buttoning clothing items. For this task a perfect fit «Velcro».
To Know the exact time is critical when you are in space or landed on the moon. At the beginning of the space race, NASA engineers significantly improved the mechanisms of working hours installed in the mission control Center. If the precision of a normal quartz watch is 1 minute per year (that is the year the clock starts to lag the average for 1 minute), the new technology allowed to reduce this figure several times. After that, the technology has reached consumers.
Technology of water purification on-Board the spacecraft in the beginning of his career was so advanced that could clean the water from bacteria and even viruses. It was the first purification system based on silver ions. Today this technique is widely used in the production of drinking water and for cleaning the sulfonate and swimming pools.
This is interesting:
Strictly speaking, and other sports shoes are not invented for the space missions. However, technology for the production of footwear for astronauts, later moved into the consumer sector, making conventional shoes more flexible, damage-resistant and good shock absorption when walking.
During training in 1967, a fire destroyed the machine «Apollo 1», causing the death of three astronauts that jeopardized the whole program «Apollo». It was then that the aerospace Agency of the USA thought about the development of refractory materials. Today they can be found literally everywhere: from the costumes of fire protection to the cladding of the houses.
Appliances for people with an abnormal heart rhythm came to light due to the progress made by NASA in the miniaturization of circuits. If people with different rhythm disturbances were constantly observed by a doctor, to restore the rhythm needed to use huge devices, with the development of chips has the opportunity to create a more compact device.
If we are hungry, we can go to the store, the astronauts have no such privileges. Therefore, during a long space flight, they need to have a supply of food for a few weeks or even months. This was developed for freeze-drying process — «soft drying» when water is removed from the frozen fresh food at low temperature. To prepare it just needs to be diluted with hot water. Sounds familiar, isn't it?
If you look at the picture, there you will see the so-called «space blanket». It resembles a large piece of foil. Initially, an insulating material such blankets were used for protection of space modules and their components from overheating and solar radiation. Today «space blankets» make of plastic and aluminum and they are used in rescue operations to protect against perekladki.
Today, solar panels are a very promising area and are installed almost everywhere: from calculatorhow to the rooftops and electric vehicles. The first solar batteries appeared over 50 years ago, when there was a need to find a very capacious batteries for energy supply
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