Why are scientists so sure that the Neanderthals were skilled swimmers?

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2020-01-17 06:40:07

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Why are scientists so sure that the Neanderthals were skilled swimmers?

the Neanderthals could not develop bipedalism, but they know how to swim

How do you imagine our distant ancestors, the Neanderthals who lived thousands of years ago? Perhaps, in your imagination a picture with gloomy people with coarse facial features and massive muscles that prey on large animals . It is believed that in those days they were not yet able fully to learn bipedalism, but conducted by archaeologists from the U.S. state of Colorado study shows that despite this, they are excellent swimmers. Thanks to this skill they could raise from the seabed sturdy seashells and manufacture of these tools. But how exactly did scientists find that out?

About the opening of archaeologists was described in a scientific publication . Even back in 1949 on the territory of modern Italy was found a cave called Moscerini. Now it is not available for the study, but previously scientists were able to find at least 167 shells with sharpened edges. According to scientists, they could serve as tools of the ancient Neanderthals. If so, kind of cutters and scrapers were made by our ancestors more than 100 thousand years ago.

Found in the cave Masserini shells produced by Neanderthals

When people learned to swim?

During the study of shells was found, archaeologists noticed that 40 of them have kept a smooth and glossy inner surface. The rest of the shells, in turn, was scratched by the waves and sand. According to the researchers, this difference is due to the fact that some shells were found by ancient people on the shore. But those that keep a smooth inner surface, has clearly been produced by Neanderthals from the seabed.

at least 40 of the shells found preserved smooth internal surface

It Turns out that what are regarded as not very smart, the ancestors of the people the Neanderthals were not so stupid. According to researchers, the ancient people could dive to a depth of from two to four meters in search of fresh shells, which was stronger than beached. Did the ancient people of mollusks as food is currently unknown. But the fact that they were made of shell tools is a fact.

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Someone researchers might seem truthful enough due to lack of evidence. But strong arguments about the fact that the Neanderthals knew how to swim, was published in a scientific journal in 2019. Studying the remains of ancient people, scientists were able to detect in their ear canals so-called exostosis. These ossification inside the ear canals to this day are often seen in professional swimmers and the consequences of impact on the ears of cold water. Not this is strong evidence that Neanderthals could swim?

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The research scientists have found another thing in common between modern humans and Neanderthals. About the life of our ancient ancestors you can also read other articles published on our website. For example, did you know that Neanderthals are often due to climate change?

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