Why naked mole rats — the longest-living rodents in the world?

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2019-11-07 04:00:09

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Why naked mole rats — the longest-living rodents in the world?

Naked mole rats cannot be called the most lovely creatures on the planet

All people on our planet want to be healthy and live as long as possible, but the world is full of dangerous diseases. However, despite the efforts of thousands of scientists from all corners of the Land to develop and other deadly illnesses, few today are able to reach at least 100 years. With all of this, a number of us animals, which can boast the longevity and protection from diseases and without any medication. Some of them are naked mole rats, which have a record for rodent longevity to 30 years. The study, whose results were published in a scientific journal , revealed the secret of their longevity.

Naked mole rats are not the most pleasant animals, but their body is truly amazing. For example, they are from thermal and chemical burns, as well as possess a strong immunity to cancer. Previously, scientists believed that the diggers completely , but in 2016 they still managed to find a couple of individuals with cancerous tumors. Nevertheless, the incidence of cancer among them is very low and they live to 30 years of age. For comparison, the life expectancy of mice does not exceed two years.

what is the secret of longevity of naked mole rats?

According to scientists, the secret of longevity, naked mole rats lurking in their living conditions. As a rule, these unusual animals are found in dry savannas and semi-deserts. But they live on a hot surface, and in underground tunnels at a depth of about 2 metres. Length of underground tunnels can reach 5 kilometers, and the width of the tunnels is about 4 inches. We also know that mole rats live in colonies of 70-80 individuals. Perhaps the longevity of these animals is associated with life in cold conditions with a minimal amount of oxygen.

Naked mole rats live in narrow tunnels under the ground

To test this hypothesis, scientists from Ukraine and Israel decided to hold a pretty weighty experiment. Its essence consisted in the fact that they took three groups of young, adult and old mice and placed them in the conditions in which they live naked mole rats. In the first part of the experiment the animals kept for several hours in a vessel with closed lid. In the second part of the experiment, mice spent three months living in a cage with a 10% content of oxygen and carbon dioxide.

Can you live without oxygen?

Being a closed vessel without air, the mouse began to breathe three times less oxygen and exhale less carbon dioxide. Also individuals of all ages fell the body temperature. From this, scientists concluded that animals have significantly slowed metabolism.

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In the conditions with insufficient oxygen, the rodents began 50% less and have dropped almost 30% weight. But with all this they acted almost the same as under normal conditions. But the most surprising discovery for the researchers was the fact that living in closeness mice wounds heal faster. They checked it, making their bodies small cuts — they healed faster for a few days than usual.

Scientists were able to change the metabolic rate of mice.

Ultimately, the scientists found that in new conditions the metabolism of laboratory rats changed and became almost the same as the naked mole rats. However, rodents have acquired the same property faster to heal itself, so the researchers thought that the secret of longevity diggers lurking in their habitat. Of course, while this is not a final verdict, because they have to do more research.

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