#photo | Found an ancient tool for tattooing

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2019-03-02 17:30:08

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#photo | Found an ancient tool for tattooing

Human remains prove that ancient people started tattooing thousands of years ago. Unfortunately, not every culture leaves traces that can identify drawings are and their purpose. For example, they include Indians who lived in southwest North America in the first century of our era, archaeologists are still unable to find the tattooed bodies of the local Indians. However, they found a tool that was applied to the pictures — it was excavated in 1972 , but it no one paid attention.

The Tool was found on the South-East of Utah, in a place called the Float Pins. It is made of two cactus thorns, attached to a wooden stick with a rope. The device vaguely looks like a pen, and its length is 10 cm. The tips of cactus spines is black — the scientists immediately realized that it is impregnated of pigment for printing.

Having Studied the instrument with the electron microscope, researchers have identified the types of materials used. It turned out that the sticks made from the branches of skunk Bush sumac, and the spines were plucked from a cactus called Opuntia. Ink for tattooing was made from soot mixed with water. The tool was made in 79-130 years BC, that is it for almost 2,000 years.

To see its effectiveness when tattooing, the researchers recreated the design and tested it on the pig skin. Having studied the original, they found that the needle was injected under the skin to a depth of 2.08 mm — that is, a mixture of carbon black were introduced into the layer below the epidermis.

It is believed that this tool was used by the representatives of the culture basketmaker. Originally they were nomads and small groups gathered plants and hunted large game. In the period between 50 and 500 years BC they learned to grow corn, and firmly established in the southeastern part of Utah.

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