12 April 1961 became a landmark for the history of mankind. Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin on the spacecraft "Vostok-1" was launched from cosmodrome "Baikonur" and the world's first orbital committed circled the Earth. Flight in near-earth space lasted 108 minutes. Gagarin's feat has made him an icon of space exploration and the cosmonaut himself one more second in my life did not remain without attention. The tragic fate of the great man who brought humanity to the void space. On the Day of cosmonautics!
Specially for you we have made a selection of articles that all these years we talked about the mysterious past of the legendary astronauts, and not only people. They gave their lives that today we know that the Earth is round, that the Earth is fragile and that's still the only one our house that should be protected.
Special issue dedicated to the Russian figures, who have made an invaluable contribution to the development of Astronautics. From Nicholas Kibalchicha to Nikolai Pilyugin.
"In July 2013, the astronauts on the International space station performed a routine spacewalk, when one of them discovered, or rather felt something that I never expected to feel in the space. Italian astronaut Luca Parmitano felt like the back of his head flowing water…"
The Soviet Union went down in history as a superpower, launched the first satellite, living being and man into space. However, in a period of rapid of the space race, the Soviet Union sought — and it turned out to upstage the United States in space wherever it was possible. Although the Soviet Union was the first earned many key achievements, he also experienced the first tragedy in space with the participation of the people.
The Cold war has sown in the hearts of the people not only fear, but also hope for a better future. Indeed, in addition to rivalry in the development of the military sphere, the two sides – the USSR and the USA tried to increase their superiority over the opponent and in more peaceful areas, for example, in the same space. In the period from 1957 to 1991, we witnessed the launch of the first space rocket, the first spacewalk and the first steps of man on the moon.
In London science Museum hosted a major exhibition on space and BBC correspondent, oddly enough, decided to conduct an experiment: I asked the curator to select eight objects — large and small — that helped us understand Russia's desire to space. We share with you the results of this experiment.
The Dog Laika, the first living creature, who was orbiting the Earth, is our national hero. Her brave and tragic mission, "Sputnik 2", when the dog became an unwitting pioneer of the space program of the USSR for more than 57 years ago, has stuck in our collective consciousness. Her story formed the basis of movies and songs, has been immortalized in monuments and commemorative Souvenirs. Before you an honest story first dogs-astronauts in the world.
In June 1961, two months after Yuri Gagarin became the first man to orbit the Earth, President John Kennedy and Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev held their first joint summit in Vienna. The meeting was heavy. But during the dinner, Jackie Kennedy began to talk with the Soviet leader about the space dog.
"He mentioned that the Arrow was a puppy, and she said that he should send one of her puppies," says the historian of the Presidential Pets Museum Andrew Hager. "A few weeks in the White house was one of the puppies from a small Russian passport."
Engineers space Agency NASA has begun to build a new Rover that will travel to Mars in July 2020 with the help of the carrier rocket "Atlas-5".
Chinese Academy of Sciences plans to the end of this year to launch the first satellite with open source.
After more than a year's procedure of inhibition and correction of the orbit of the spacecraft TGO, the launch of which was carried out in the first part of the Russian-European space mission ExoMars, has started its main goal – search in the atmosphere of the red planet traces of methane.