SpaceX is planning to send two people on a trip around the moon next year. Late yesterday the company's CEO Elon Musk spoke about the mission, which will involve two long-awaited technology company: the crew capsule and Crew Dragon powerful rocket, the Falcon Heavy.
Two not yet named astronaut will be placed in the capsule, located on top of a Falcon Heavy. Then they will take off from pad 39A is a historic place which was used during the mission "Apollo". Launch pad is currently the only item of equipment that has been tested: just a week ago the SpaceX Dragon to the International space station. The Falcon Heavy, and Crew Dragon are still in the development stage. Both of them will undergo special flight tests at the end of this year.
The Private space company had long planned flight involving humans. In 2014, NASA contracted with Boeing and SpaceX contracts to deliver astronauts to the International space station. Yesterday, SpaceX announced that the first of those flights involving the new Crew Dragon capsule will take place in the second quarter of 2018. He will follow an independent, unmanned launch Crew to the ISS Dragon scheduled for later this year.
The lunar goal of 2018 came as a surprise. Just six months ago, Musk made a Grand announcement that the company will send the first mission to Mars. At the end of last week, the President of SpaceX, Gwynne, Shotwell stood in front of launch pad 39A (and not yet launched to the ISS, the Falcon 9) and told a group of reporters that the company is postponing the first launch to Mars by 2020 to come to grips with the crew capsule. In retrospect, this statement can be seen as an allusion to the lunar ambitions.
This statement, in fact, was a response to a reporter's question regarding the audit control Department. In the report it was said that SpaceX is almost a year behind schedule from the development of the crew capsule, which is made under a contract with NASA for 2.6 billion dollars. Although it was designed for low earth orbit — which is partly shielded from cosmic radiation the earth's magnetosphere — Musk says that the capsule is reliable enough to protect the crew in deep space, and the only improvement you only need to enter in the system.
Delays in the field of space business that's fine. SpaceX originally planned to launch the first Falcon Heavy is essentially the Falcon 9 rocket with two additional first stages attached for additional traction — at the end of last year. But the launch was postponed until September 1 of this year in the course of annoying bugs on the launch pad exploded the Falcon 9 rocket. Musk said that Falcon Heavy will fly in the end of this summer. As for the manned Dragon Crew capsule, Musk said that he expects the first test flight of the capsule will be held by the end of this year. "Six months later we send a NASA crew to the International space station, and another six months will be a mission to lunar orbit," he said.
In a flurry of questions from reporters, Musk never gave the names of two future lunar astronauts, who "has made a significant contribution to the lunar mission," he says. Musk only said that the price paid by the couple will be slightly higher than the astronauts who fly on the ISS. Before launching into space in a short time, they will have to undergo tests for health and wellbeing, and also to start training this year. The mission will last about a week. "Look at the moon, we go a little further into deep space and heading back to Earth," says Musk. "Total distance, I think, will be 500 000 – 600 000 kilometers."
This is about a hundred times smaller than Mars.
Its new development, called «SpaceTram», the engineer, James Powell has developed recently and introduced it to the public recently.
Falling to the Earth space objects of a natural origin most often burn up in the atmosphere.