Scientists have created a revolutionary new tool for editing genes

Date:

2017-10-26 11:30:05

Views:

2490

Rating:

1Like 0Dislike

Share:

Scientists have created a revolutionary new tool for editing genes Source:

The Famous technology that allows you to make changes in the genome of higher organisms, including humans, became a real breakthrough in genetics, and opened to scientists, almost endless possibilities for experimentation. It is bet in the hope to one day conquer diseases such as cancer, HIV, inherited genetic disease and many others. However, CRISPR/Cas9 is not a perfect tool, therefore, scientists are constantly trying to find him a decent alternative. It seems that scientists from the Cambridge Institute of Brody finally succeeded.

The First experiments on the editing of genes in the genomes of living creatures date from the early twentieth century, beginning with the opening mechanism of induced mutagenesis. By the mid-twentieth century, scientists were able to accurately modify the genes of bacteria, but in order to make such changes in human genes, it still took several decades. System CRISPR/Cas9 originally opened in the late ' 80s as a defense mechanism of bacteria against viruses, really became a kind of revolution in science. It is based on CAS protein, cutting genetic sequences. At the moment, this technology is widely used in numerous experiments with editing of the genome of different organisms, including .

A New tool for genome editing, created at Cambridge, in contrast to CRISPR/Cas9, do not cut the chain of nucleotides, and replaces the point of it only everything you need without destroying the overall structure. This is done using a special enzyme which is needed to change the DNA of the individual pairs of nitrogenous bases. Such precision in editing genes in the foreseeable future will allow scientists to win over many inherited diseases, like sickle-cell anemia and cystic fibrosis.

A Revolutionary technique, the scientists had already tested for some bacteria. In their DNA dot modified the gene responsible for resistance to a particular antibiotic. After which the bacteria lost every protection from this drug and began to die. But the scientists decided not to stay and ran a reverse experiment, returning the bacteria the same protection. The experiment also was a great success. A team of researchers believe that their editing tool is much more flexible and effective than CRISPR/Cas9, so over time it will displace the older system into the background. The research results were published in the journal .

Recommended

Can genes create the perfect diet for you?

Can genes create the perfect diet for you?

Diet on genotype can be a way out for many, but it still has a lot of questions Don't know what to do to lose weight? DNA tests promise to help you with this. They will be able to develop the most individual diet, because for this they will use the m...

How many extraterrestrial civilizations can exist nearby?

How many extraterrestrial civilizations can exist nearby?

If aliens exist, why don't we "hear" them? In the 12th episode of Cosmos, which aired on December 14, 1980, co-author and host Carl Sagan introduced viewers to the same equation of astronomer Frank Drake. Using it, he calculated the potential number ...

Why does the most poisonous plant in the world cause severe pain?

Why does the most poisonous plant in the world cause severe pain?

The pain caused to humans by the Gimpi-gympie plant can drive him crazy Many people consider Australia a very dangerous place full of poisonous creatures. And this is a perfectly correct idea, because this continent literally wants to kill everyone w...

Comments (0)

This article has no comment, be the first!

Add comment

Related News

The neural network taught

The neural network taught "to read minds"

the Developers at Purdue University created a neural network which is able to analyze fMRI brain scans taken during viewing of the video and then in real-time to determine what exactly people . the experiment involved three subj...

Artificial intelligence exists, and it's billions of years

Artificial intelligence exists, and it's billions of years

Susan Schneider from the University of Connecticut and the Institute for advanced study in Princeton — one of the few who seriously believes that artificial intelligence already exists, and for a long time. "I do not believe that ...

The U.S. military has developed a device to improve the functioning of the brain

The U.S. military has developed a device to improve the functioning of the brain

to improve your mental abilities, you need are known to "gnaw granite of science". But many are trying to find and easier way. And maybe, researchers from McGill University in Canada and researchers from HRL Laboratories have deve...

An experiment about 30 years, as scientists have observed the evolution of bacteria

An experiment about 30 years, as scientists have observed the evolution of bacteria

Perhaps this scientific experiment can rightly be called the most long-lasting in the field of observation of a living organism. Started in 1988, the American evolutionary biologist Richard Lenski. Together with his colleagues at ...

17 the next space missions that deserve your attention

17 the next space missions that deserve your attention

For a good half of the previous century, humanity had time to run in the boundless space of a set of scientific instruments. With a single purpose – to better understand this, it would seem, at first glance, completely lifeless va...

10 brilliant inventions that humans picked up from animals

10 brilliant inventions that humans picked up from animals

We are accustomed to the "miracles" of science and technology and often lose sight of that nature started to use some of them long before the first steam engine or the computer. New inventions often amaze and inspire us, but... ho...

"The Atlas of hell": the underground world exists, and scientists have just finished to compile the map

Lasciate ogni speranza, voi CH entrate — written on the gates of hell. "Abandon all hope ye who enter here". A great way to welcome a visitor to hell. But there is a real underworld, which, however, smaller dogs and sinners in boi...

Scientists have found the perfect place to build underground colonies on the moon

Scientists have found the perfect place to build underground colonies on the moon

For many years, scientists tried to understand whether the dark crater pit on the surface of the natural satellite of the Earth entrance in a network of underground caves that millions of years ago was filled with lava. Finally, r...

In Saudi Arabia, will start to produce electricity with the help of

In Saudi Arabia, will start to produce electricity with the help of "kites"

the Research team at Queen's University of science and technology on behalf of king Abdullah proposed a new method for the production of wind power. To do this, engineers positioning of the turbine is not near the Ground and in th...

On the orbit of the moon launch an inflatable living module

On the orbit of the moon launch an inflatable living module

the Private space company Bigelow Aerospace in cooperation with United Launch Alliance published , according to which plans to orbit the moon residential inflatable module by 2022. the carrier Rocket, which we plan to launch modu...

Gravitational waves

Gravitational waves "neutron stars": why is it the most important discovery of the year?

For several weeks raged rumors that scientists have recorded gravitational waves — tiny ripples in space and time — a new type that is not associated with the collision of black holes. And here we saw a similar wave produced by th...

Analysis which will predict the date of death of your heart

Analysis which will predict the date of death of your heart

Many clinical studies allow us to predict the health status and suggest that person waits in the future. But not long ago, scientists from Johns Hopkins University released new data, according to which information encoded in mitoc...

In Novosibirsk have learned to receive fuel from air and water

In Novosibirsk have learned to receive fuel from air and water

Search and development of alternative ways of getting fuel is a long time. And despite significant advances, many new methods often remain unprofitable. But recently, according to the publication, Siberian branch of the Russian Ac...

Now Elon Musk knows how to run to Mars online

Now Elon Musk knows how to run to Mars online

humanity has quite a lot of plans for the exploration of the red planet for the next few years, but whether the Internet those who will go to Mars? Last weekend, Elon Musk answered questions from Reddit, among which was this one. ...

Yellowstone could explode in ten years

Yellowstone could explode in ten years

after Analyzing the minerals, mineral ash from the most recent super eruption, scientists from the University of Arizona came to the conclusion that the last time the volcano woke up after two injections of fresh magma that floate...

Scientists have created programmable synthetic leather

Scientists have created programmable synthetic leather

Engineers at Cornell University have developed a programmable synthetic leather. As a prototype of the new material was the amazing ability of octopus and cuttlefish to blend in with the environment, while trying to escape from mo...

The effectiveness of mindfulness meditation proved to be dubious

The effectiveness of mindfulness meditation proved to be dubious

Conscious meditation is a special meditation technique includes focusing on the current situation and state of mind. It is called different: a thoughtful meditation, a conscious mental involvement, careful meditation. As you would...

Air pollution kills 500,000 Europeans annually

Air pollution kills 500,000 Europeans annually

Hundreds of thousands of factories around the world our planet every day. For countries such as China, this problem is particularly relevant, because many Chinese cities are literally covered with smog from the industrial plants. ...

"Island of extinction": in the USSR were established and were buried biological weapons

the Kazakh-Uzbek border, surrounded by miles of toxic desert, lies the island. Or what's left of it. During the cold war, the Renaissance island was a top secret Soviet testing ground for deadly bacteria. It took more than twenty ...

Scientists have created immune cells able to resist HIV

Scientists have created immune cells able to resist HIV

Combat is conducted over many years by many teams of scientists from different countries. This retrovirus causing HIV infection in the history of mankind was infected more than 60 million people. More than two-thirds of this numbe...