What can go wrong in space?

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2017-05-03 13:00:07

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Space is scary. Hard. Despite the fact that have been in space already more than five hundred people, not all of them returned alive. Climb to a height of four hundred miles, to set foot on the moon or conquer another planet — a journey automatically becomes adventurous. What could be worse than outer space, the ruthless and silent? After all, anything can happen, and no one will help.

When sweaty spacesuit astronaut begins to scratch the body, you can go crazy. If my nose itches, the astronauts have a device which clamps it to pierce the ears, as do swimmers and pilots. This is understandable. If scratched the top of the cheeks, a microphone and a straw for drinking. But if it is scratched forehead, nothing about it anymore, have to suffer.

Did you know that in space you can… drown? In July 2013, when the astronauts of the International space station performed a routine spacewalk — well, you know, to fix it is to paint any antenna, hanging on a wire against Ground, then Italian Luca Parmitano felt something completely unexpected. The back of his head was leaking water. First, he decided not to get distracted and to finish begun, but soon the water got up literally before my eyes, and began to fill his mouth and nose. He didn't see anything. Inexplicably, the astronaut managed without panic, just memory to get to the air lock, where members of the crew helped him shed the suit once again and breathe deeply. In the helmet of the astronaut was about two liters of water.

Office of the astronauts is the international space station is hanging over our planet at an altitude of about four hundred kilometers and is moving with great speed to twenty — seven thousand seven hundred kilometers per hour. Can you imagine? And this means that if an astronaut working in space, happen to lose a wrench, a glove, or even a drop of paint… this debris will also fly at great speed, until they bump into something. Even a tiny drop of paint, which flies ten times faster than a bullet in the vacuum of space, can instantly break through the shell of the suit and kill the astronaut. Small meteorites sometimes tears the ISS, but no one is, fortunately, not killed. Why fortunately? Because the death of the astronauts may put an end to our space program.

And the most terrible events took place, of course, at the dawn of the space program, when we still knew little about space and its unforgiving temperament. And if not the cosmos, the Earth itself and its atmosphere are sometimes the toughest challenge for the astronauts.

November 14, 1969, the Americans were preparing to launch the spacecraft "Apollo-12". The weather was not very Sunny, but not overcast, so the weather forecasters have given the nod to start. And in 36 seconds after launch of the spacecraft, they realized how wrong I was. To gain altitude, "Apollo-12" struck by lightning, shaking not only the astronauts, but disabling most of the electronics of the ship. The crew tried quickly to run the system again, and then the camera hit the second zipper! The people were in a completely paralyzed the ship to an altitude of several kilometers above the Ground… fortunately, then nothing happened.

Lightning can strike twice in one place, a person can twice to be on the verge of death. And all because of space. In 1965, Alexei Leonov became the first person went into space. After leaving the spacecraft "Voskhod-2" March 18, Leonov spent in the cold dark vacuum twenty minutes. But immediately after began to happen terrible things: his spacesuit ballooned. Don't forget: it was the first spacewalk, who could have foreseen all the consequences? Gloves of the astronaut inflated so that the fingers turned into useless sausages, and the suit wouldn't let him go through the airlock and literally locked him outside the ship. Leonov decided on desperate measures: to release from the suit's oxygen to reduce the pressure. In case of failure, he could have died from suffocation and lack of precious air. But he managed, and we learned how to do the right suits.

However, this dangerous adventure Leonova has not ended. Returning home, to Earth, the capsule of astronaut and fellow crew failed. The fault has led to the fact that after landing, the astronauts were not there, where they were, in a circle of friends and family, and trapped. Capsule fell into a deep Siberian taiga, thousands of miles from help, warm soup and a soft bed. The astronauts were in the woods with wild animals, almost unarmed, tired, without shelter and food… In freezing weather they had to strip naked and pour sweat from suits to avoid frostbite. Needless to say that the Earth can sometimes be harsher than the cosmos.

Having Collected all will in a fist, exhausted, but brave astronauts did everything possible to survive. And they did it. They are not forgotten. They managed to wait for rescue, which took place even where deaf ATVs.

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