Scientists figured out how to Mars without water to do the building materials

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2017-04-28 21:00:05

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Scientists figured out how to Mars without water to do the building materials Source:

Every day space expedition to Mars is getting closer. But let's imagine that the first settlers already arrived on the Red planet and decided to settle there. What they build homes? As for the production of concrete and bricks need water, which is the fourth planet from the Sun in short supply. Fortunately, the answer is ready to give NASA engineers.

According to the journal Scientific Reports, the American space Agency came up with enough easy way to create on Mars building materials. Initially it was planned to use 3D printing technology, which NASA is already developing. It allows you to use local species for the manufacture of the necessary materials, but the problem is that for such printing needs water. Fortunately, if you believe the research, Martian soil was ideally suited for the manufacture of bricks due to the presence of iron particles, and to create brick blocks raw material it is only necessary to compress.

Scientist Brian Chou and his colleagues from the University of California in La JOLLA to develop new technology experimented with the analogs of the Martian soil is made of substances from the emissions of volcanoes in the Hawaiian Islands and iron nanoparticles with the addition of some minerals to the composition of the artificial soil was as close to a Martian. In the course of experiments when heated to high temperatures and exposed to high pressure, the scientists found that the resulting material for its strength was comparable to reinforced concrete and annealed silicate brick.

In the course of further research material experts have found that iron particles play a key role in shaping the structure of the material and even simple compression of the soil by means of press forces them to connect with each other and form a strong connection. According to experts, if their assumptions are correct, then the Martian construction will need a three-dimensional printer, capable of printing and extruding the bricks.

Based on materials of RIA «news»

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