Mind: born or acquired?

Date:

2017-09-26 13:30:06

Views:

2507

Rating:

1Like 0Dislike

Share:

Mind: born or acquired? Source:

In one of the articles about the neurobiology of infant consciousness a few years ago the question was posed: "When your child becomes conscious?". A prerequisite, of course, was that children are not born with consciousness, but instead develop it at some point. According to the article, this is the age of five months. However, it is difficult to imagine that there is such a feeling to be a newborn.

Obviously, babies are their own bodies, the environment, the presence of the parents and so on — although in a non-reflexive, focused on the present form. And if there was a certain sense of herself as a child, then the children would not become conscious. They would be consciousness initially realized its origin.

The Problem is, and it's a little scary that "consciousness" is often used in the literature as something that implies something more than just the quality of the experience. Dijksterhuis and Nordgren, for example, insisted that "it is important to understand that attention is the key to distinguish between unconscious thought and conscious thought. Conscious thought is conceptualized with attention." From this it follows that if thought is not peculiar attention, unconscious. But is it lack of attention, to assert that thought process lacks qualitative experience? Would not such a process, slipping out of the focus of attention, after all to feel?

Now you breathe: the air passes through your nostrils, using your diaphragm and so on. Have you noticed this moment before, before I drew your attention? Or you simply didn't constantly feel it? Drawing your attention to that feeling if I did them consciously or just made you a little better understand that these feelings were conscious?

Jonathan Schuler established a clear distinction between the conscious and metacognative processes. While both the type entail a quality experience, metacognitive processes also involve what he called "re-representation", re-submission, resubmission, even rethinking. "Periodic emphasis on explicit evaluation of the content of experience. The resulting's metaconscious includes an explicit resubmission of consciousness in which one interpretirovat, describes, or otherwise characterizes the state of your mind."

When, Therefore, attention plays an important role, it is about the resubmission; that is, conscious knowledge of the experience of the underlying self-analysis. Subjects are unable to report — even to themselves — experiences that are not subject to resubmission. However, nothing prevents the conscious experience to occur without pararectale. Have dreams, for example, there is no berepresentative, despite the fact that they are perceived in the mind. This gap between the connectivity and the content of consciousness has led to the emergence of so-called "unaccountable paradigms" in modern neuroscience of consciousness.

Obviously, the assumption that consciousness is limited rethought mental contents in focus, wrongly associates's metaconscious with your own consciousness. But this misconception is extremely common.

Since the study of the neural correlates of consciousness (NCC) in General, relies on subjective reports of experiences, that passes through the NCC, may just be neural correlates of metalicana. Thus, potentially a conscious mental activity — in the sense of the activity that correlate with quality of experience — can avoid recognition as such.

Studies have shown that achieving progress in addressing the "hard problem of consciousness", we, in fact, bypass them: mechanisms of metalsnake absolutely not connected with the problem of how qualitative experience arises from a physical perception.

Perhaps consciousness never appears in children, babies, toddlers or adults — because it can always be inherent in them. As far as scientists understand, there is only metacognitively configuration previously existing consciousness. If so, consciousness may be fundamental in nature — an essential aspect of every mental process and not a property created or somehow caused by specific physical structures in the brain. Statements based on subjective experiences, which reduce the presence of consciousness to the physiology of the brain, may not have anything to do with consciousness, but much — mechanisms metalitalia.

materials: Scientific American

Recommended

Can genes create the perfect diet for you?

Can genes create the perfect diet for you?

Diet on genotype can be a way out for many, but it still has a lot of questions Don't know what to do to lose weight? DNA tests promise to help you with this. They will be able to develop the most individual diet, because for this they will use the m...

How many extraterrestrial civilizations can exist nearby?

How many extraterrestrial civilizations can exist nearby?

If aliens exist, why don't we "hear" them? In the 12th episode of Cosmos, which aired on December 14, 1980, co-author and host Carl Sagan introduced viewers to the same equation of astronomer Frank Drake. Using it, he calculated the potential number ...

Why does the most poisonous plant in the world cause severe pain?

Why does the most poisonous plant in the world cause severe pain?

The pain caused to humans by the Gimpi-gympie plant can drive him crazy Many people consider Australia a very dangerous place full of poisonous creatures. And this is a perfectly correct idea, because this continent literally wants to kill everyone w...

Comments (0)

This article has no comment, be the first!

Add comment

Related News

In the search for life on Mars will help... vanadium

In the search for life on Mars will help... vanadium

Search biology on a nearby planet Mars clearly does not play a Hollywood movie with little green men. No, although many scientists admit that the red planet could exist or existed life, it will probably represent fossilized bacter...

Do you drink water? Congratulations: you are drinking plastic

Do you drink water? Congratulations: you are drinking plastic

Boiling makes the water more safe for health. It would seem that this statement is not in doubt, but the current environmental situation is different. According to a large-scale study conducted by a group of scientists daily along...

Gravity can create a strange flash in the quantum world

Gravity can create a strange flash in the quantum world

How to reconcile the two pillars of modern physics: quantum theory and gravity? One or both must yield and surrender. The new approach says that gravity can emerge from random fluctuations at the quantum level, which makes quantum...

American military laser destroyed five drones

American military laser destroyed five drones

the U.S. military continues to work on several projects relating to laser weapons. A promising technology is not without significant flaws, but tests of new development in the US army carried out regularly. Recently in Chateau new...

Developed a synthetic molecule that kills dormant cells HIV

Developed a synthetic molecule that kills dormant cells HIV

the Struggle of people with various viral and infectious diseases like a game of chess. For every action of mankind viruses and bacteria «come up with» opposition. But in the case of HIV, this game is more like a giveawa...

NASA solves the issue of the impact of cosmic radiation on the body

NASA solves the issue of the impact of cosmic radiation on the body

Cosmic radiation is one of the main stopping factors of manned research of the nearest (and not only) of space by mankind. Recently concluded research program, HI-SEAS V, held in an isolated area of the Hawaiian Islands, placing t...

There cannot be two different medicines: scientists continue to struggle with homeopathy

There cannot be two different medicines: scientists continue to struggle with homeopathy

Homeopathy is a type of alternative medicine in which "like cures like". In other words, the patient is instructed to drink heavily diluted in water drug that causes in healthy people symptoms similar to the symptoms of his illnes...

Scientists seem to have found a

Scientists seem to have found a "trigger" that started the development of complex life forms on Earth

researchers have long wondered about how the atmosphere of our planet could be filled with oxygen. And it seems that two researchers, a geologist matthis Smith of the University of British Columbia and his colleague Klaus Mezger, ...

The Chinese sent a probe to Mars in 2020

The Chinese sent a probe to Mars in 2020

the First automatic Mars probe, China plans to send as early as 2020, and in the next ten years, the researchers intend to begin on the planet's surface collecting samples — China Daily, citing the head of the project of Zha...

New microscope creates 3D images of cells and organs in real time

New microscope creates 3D images of cells and organs in real time

researchers from the Madrid Carlos III University now have the ability to quickly obtain three-dimensional models of the studied objects. Through their microscope, they can see how, for example, beats the heart of a fish, and then...

Hypothetical

Hypothetical "Ninth planet" continues to torment the minds of astronomers

In January 2016 astronomers Mike brown and Konstantin Batygin has published the first indirect evidence of the existence of another planet within the Solar system. Body, which received the unofficial title of "the Ninth planet", i...

As artificial intelligence protects us from cancer and excessive cruelty

As artificial intelligence protects us from cancer and excessive cruelty

Some believe that the proliferation of artificial intelligence and robotics threatens our personal lives, our work and even our safety. More and more tasks go to the implementation of the brain based on silicon. But even the loude...

Hyperloop One selected the best regions for laying lines

Hyperloop One selected the best regions for laying lines

the Competition Global Challenge allowed any city and country apply to the application for the possible construction of a new transport line. Staff Hyperloop One has carefully considered the submitted applications, and then select...

Scientists have proven that diet increases life expectancy

Scientists have proven that diet increases life expectancy

you Need to eat less. That is the message I try to convey to mankind the researchers from temple University located in Philadelphia. If scientists used only that moderate consumption of food directly affects the increase of life e...

The probe

The probe "Cassini"

the Last 13 years, the spacecraft "Cassini" silently changed our understanding of the Solar system. The Cassini mission — a joint project of the American space Agency NASA and the European space Agency cost of 3.62 billion d...

10 the coming

10 the coming "end of the world", which need not to sleep

Remember 2012? And remember, all ten years before the year the world almost every month was appointed "doomsday" in 2012? But struck chimes, came out a few disaster movies and... nothing happened. The world has not ended. I think ...

Astronomers figured out why galaxies have different form

Astronomers figured out why galaxies have different form

In 1926, the famous astronomer Edwin Hubble developed a morphological classification of galaxies. This method divided the galaxies into three basic groups – elliptical, spiral and lenticular. Since then, astronomers have devoted a...

Scientists have learned to turn cells into stem cells by using antibodies

Scientists have learned to turn cells into stem cells by using antibodies

represent a generic item, from which the body builds tissue and organs. Immature stem cells are able to renew themselves, to divide and further differentiate into specialized cells. Ten years ago, scientists made a very important...

10 amazing things grown in a lab

10 amazing things grown in a lab

there is No doubt that science has made many amazing breakthroughs in the last 100 years. This is especially true for medicine and bioengineering. From life-saving vaccines to a revolutionary surgical operation, the great science ...

Five facts that we know if LIGO will detect the merger of neutron stars

Five facts that we know if LIGO will detect the merger of neutron stars

Martin Rees once said, "it Becomes clear that in a sense the cosmos provides the only laboratory in which successfully created extreme conditions for testing new ideas from particle physics. Energy the Big Bang was much higher tha...