NASA showed 10 years of the life of a Sun on one video

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2020-07-03 07:20:10

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NASA showed 10 years of the life of a Sun on one video

Excerpt from a video published by NASA

To Look at the Sun without protective glasses is impossible, because in this way can severely damage the retina — the inner shell eyes, which are visual cells. And in viewing the heavenly bodies through sunglasses there is nothing interesting, because you will just see the burning ball. Instead, potentially dangerous, and uninteresting classes, better watch the video, which was recently published by employees of the space Agency NASA. It shows 10-year-old fragment of life of the Sun. People had an opportunity in details to see how between the Earth and the Sun pass other planets and also to observe the explosive processes that occur over the 150 million kilometers from us. Published the video lasts more than an hour, so let's consider only the most interesting fragments.

the Study of the Sun

At the , the video was made on the basis of data collected space Observatory Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO). She was launched into orbit of our planet on 11 Feb 2010 and it has been ten years to monitor changes in the Sun using three scientific instruments. The most important of them is camera Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA), which makes images of a celestial object every 12 seconds. At the moment, the tool has received more than 425 million images of the Sun in high resolution. The whole set of data weighs more than 20 million Gbytes — not surprisingly, after their Union turned out to watch the film.

Space Observatory Solar Dynamics Observatory, like all similar devices, is designed to monitor what is happening in space phenomena

In the published video shows the solar activity from 2 June 2010 to 1 June 2020. You may notice that in some moments there is a complete darkness is due to the fact that between the sun and the Observatory up the Earth and Moon. We and our satellites are sometimes obscured the unit Solar Dynamics Observatory views the big star, so she has, in fact, empty frames. Also at some points the Sun sharply goes somewhere to the side — the representatives of NASA explained that sometimes they set up the tools and changed their direction. You can see that in the video there is no staff on the status of the stars in 2016, which is associated with the malfunction of the instrument AIA. He was later successfully repaired.

Solar events

The Sun is a huge ball of gas, which is constantly undergoing complex processes. On the video you can see that on the surface of a space object regularly have outbreaks. The exact cause of these outbreaks is still unknown, but there is speculation that they are caused by different changes in chromosphere — the outer shell of the Sun and other stars. According to calculations of scientists, in each explosion released energy, with a capacity of approximately 100 000 billion kWh, and it is the amount of heat that comes to Earth during the whole year.

solar Flares in the representation of the artist

Also in the video you can see exciting events taking place on solar corona — the outer layer of the atmosphere of the star, which is above the previously mentioned chromosphere. Pay attention to the so-called prominences, which are giant fountains of hot gas that are held by the magnetic field of the star. The fountains consist of substances, where the temperature is the same as that of the substances from the chromosphere. But against the hot solar corona prominences are cold and very dense formations. Some of these entities exist for months, but most move at a speed of about 100 kilometers per second and disappear within a few weeks.

looks like protuberance

Here are a few key points of video:

the
    the
  • 12:24 minutes, you notice that at the top of the Sun is an object. This is the time of passage of Venus over the solar disk — the event was held in 2012;
  • the
  • 36:18 and 57:38 the minute shows the passage of mercury. This is the smallest terrestrial planet, so to see this event on video is difficult. Better ;
  • the
  • on 6:20, 13:50, 20:25 and 44:20 capture the moments that occurred over the last ten years.

If you are interested in news of science and technologies, subscribe to our . There you will find materials that were not published on the website!

It is Important to note that the Sun is not an immortal object. Someday it will happen something terrible, that will certainly lead to the death of all mankind. About Love Sokovikova wrote — recommended reading!

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