Neuralink Elon Musk. Part five: the challenge Neuralink


2017-05-07 18:30:12




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Neuralink Elon Musk. Part five: the challenge Neuralink

Eccentric in the best sense of the word entrepreneur, playboy, philanthropist Elon Musk known around the world. He decided to bring humanity into space, to colonize Mars, to abandon a disposable rockets. He decided to make the world cleaner, transplanted us from cars with internal combustion engines to self-driving cars. While unfolding these businesses, he does not sit idly by. He conceived Neuralink that will help us become new people. Without borders and without weaknesses, as it should be in the new world (Elon musk). To document the crazy ideas Mask, as always, volunteered Tim urban from WaitButWhy (he wrote about artificial intelligence, colonization of Mars and SpaceX). We present one of the best works of modern popular science journalism. Further, in the first person.

Since I wrote about the two companies Elon musk — Tesla and SpaceX — I think I understand his formula. It looks like this:

And his first thought about the new company just starts right and goes left.

He decides that certain changes in the world will increase the likelihood that humanity will have a better future. He knows that large-scale change in the world is happening most rapidly, when the whole world — Colossus of man — working on it. And he knows that Colossus of the Human will strive to achieve the goal, and then only if there is economic driving force if the process of spending resources to achieve this goal is good business.

Often, before a thriving industry gain momentum, it all seems like a pile of logs, all the components for a fire place all ready to go, but no matches. There is some technological deficit, not giving off the entire industry.

So when Elon creates the company, its main strategy usually is to create a match that will ignite the industry and make Colossus a Human to work on it. This, in turn, according to Elon, will lead to events that will change the world in such a way that will increase the probability that humanity will be a better future. But you need to look at his company from a bird's flight, to understand it all. Otherwise, you will mistakenly believe everything he does, business as usual — whereas in fact what looks like a business, will become the mechanism for maintaining the company introducing innovations to create important matches.

When I was working on articles about Tesla and SpaceX, I asked Ilona, why he climbs into engineering, not in science, and he explained that when it comes to progress, "engineering is a deterrent". In other words, the progress of science, of business and industry — all this happens with the permission of the technical progress. And if you look at the history, it makes sense — since each of the greatest revolution in human progress — this is a technical breakthrough. Match.

So, to understand the company Ilona Mask, you need to think about the match that he's trying to create — along with three other variables:

And when I started thinking about what a Neuralink, I knew which variables I need to put down. At that time I had a very vague idea about one of the variables that the company's goal is to "accelerate the emergence of cerebral neural interface". Or a magical hat, as I called it.

As I understand it, the General interface of the brain was supposed to represent a brain-computer interface in an ideal world — super-duper-advanced concept, when all the neurons in your brain can invisibly communicate with the world outside. This concept was based on the sci-Fi idea of a "neural lace," the "Culture" of Iain banks — weightless, intangible interface for the whole brain, which can be beamed into the brain.

Questions I have had enough.

Fortunately, I was headed to San Francisco, where they were to sit down with half of the team of founders Neuralink and be the dumbest person in the room.

Digression on why I'm not exaggerating, calling himself the dumbest person in the room, just see for yourself.


Command Neuralink:

Gender Merolla, who spent the last seven years in the role of lead designer of the chips in IBM's SyNAPSE program, where he led the development of chip North, one of the largest CMOS devices in the history of the number of transistors, if that. Paul told me that his work area was called neuromorphic, and the goal is to create solid state circuits, based on the principles of the architecture of the brain.

Vanessa Tolosa, an expert on microspore team Neuralink, one of the leading researchers of biocompatible materials in the world. Vanessa's work includes the design of biocompatible materials on the basis of principles of industry of integrated circuits.

Max Hodak, who worked on the development of several innovative technologies NCI in the laboratory of Miguel Nicolelis at Duke, and twice a week went to College for the launch of Transcriptic, "a robotic cloud laboratory for life Sciences", which he himself had founded.

D. J. SEO, who in his more than 20 years, developed at the University of California at Berkeley ultra-modern new concept NKI called "neural dust" — tiny ultrasonic sensors that can provide a new method of recording brain activity.

Ben Rappaport, an expert on surgery in Neuralink and a leading neurosurgeon. He has a doctorate in electrical engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of technology, allowing him to skip his job neurosurgeon "through the lens of implantable devices."

Tim Hanson, whose colleague was introduced as "one of the best engineers around the world on the planet." He is self taught, but thanks to their knowledge of materials and methods of microfabrication, he managed to create some of the key technologies that will be used in Neuralink.

Flip Sabes, a leading researcher, laboratory of which the University of California in San Francisco, broke new ground for the NRI by combining the "cortical physiology, computational and theoretical modeling, Psychophysics and human physiology".

Tim Gardner, a leading researcher at Boston University laboratory which is working on the implementation of CQM in birds to explore "how complex the songs are collected from the elementary neural units" and learn "about the relationships between patterns of neural activity in different time scales". Tim and Flip left their positions to join the team Neuralink.

Well, he Ilon, CEO and member of the team. The post of Director General allocates the project to the rest that he recently launched, and puts Neuralink in the highest priority for him, where there is only SpaceX and Tesla. When it comes to neurology, Elon has the lowest technical knowledge in the team — but he started SpaceX without special technical knowledge and quickly became a certified rocket specialist, reading and asking questions of the experts in his team. The same thing will happen here.

I asked Ilona, as he gathered his team. He replied that he met only with 1000 people to gathered this group, and part of the task was a huge number of completely separate expert areas that you should consider: neuroscience, neurosurgery, microscopic electronics, clinical trials, etc. Because it is an interdisciplinary field, he was looking for interdisciplinary experts. And it shows in their biographies — all members of the group possess a unique combination of knowledge that intersect with the knowledge of other group members and together constitute a kind of magexpert. Elon also wanted to find people who could look down on the mission — which was more focused on industrial performance rather than the production of paper. In General, it was difficult.

But they were sitting round the table and looked at me. I was a bit shocked, because I had to spend a lot of research before coming here. I have extracted the thesis, they picked it up and multiplied it four times. And while the discussion continued, I began to understand what was happening.

Over the next few weeks, I met with other founders, each time playing the role of fool. At these meetings, I concentrated on attempting to provide a comprehensive picture of the challenges facing us and how it will look in the path to magical hat. I wanted to understand these two boxes:

The First was simple. The business portion of the Neuralink is a company engaged in the development of brain-computer interfaces. They want to create cutting-edge NCI — some of them are "devices of micron sizes." This process will support the growth of the company and will be a great base for the implementation of the innovation (like SpaceX uses its launches to maintain the company and experiment with the latest engineering developments).

As for the interface, over which they intend to work, here is what Elon:

"We want to hang out on the market something that will help in certain serious brain injury (a stroke, a cancerous lesion, congenital), in about four years."

The Second box was more difficult. Today it seems obvious that the use of the technology of the steam engine for the power of fire was to begin, that the industrial revolution happened. But if you spoke with someone in 1760 about it, clarity would be much less — what obstacles need to be overcome, what innovations to implement, how long it will take time. And here we are — trying to figure out how to be the match that will ignite nanorevolution, and how to create it.

The Starting point for the discussion of the innovation BU...


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