10 robots that are paving the way for the creation of the first artificial human


2017-02-08 09:00:12




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10 robots that are paving the way for the creation of the first artificial human

We can't create humanoid robots (androids) that will be indistinguishable from biological humans, but that doesn't mean we don't try. Before you ten real robots that help us to achieve this futuristic milestones. To create the "perfect" humanoid robot, a machine must have three qualities: it should look, move and act like people. While there is no robot that would fulfill these three conditions, and we are still far from the arrival of the uncanny valley of androids.

However there are robots that perform or meet at least one or two of these criteria quite well. Eventually, robotics will combine their expertise and produce the first generation of ultra-realistic humanoids. These ten robots in sum, bring us closer to the cherished goal.



Developed by Boston Dynamics (with a little, ahem, assistance of the Ministry of defense), this is absurdly realistic humanoid robot used for testing protective clothing. Sensors in the artificial skin PETMAN can detect any chemicals leaking through the suit, and his high-tech skin simulates human physiology within the suit, producing sweat and regulate body temperature.

This costume will eventually be worn by employees of the emergency services, so PETMAN'and tested in the most demanding conditions, that is, to the limit. New improved model of the robot can balance themselves and to move freely, walk, bend and so on. This is an interesting and very lifelike, but it is very frightening.


Junko Chihiro

Trilingual Android Junko Chihiro is developed by company Toshiba. Unlike PETMAN and many other robots in this list, it cannot be called the most flexible phone in the world, but it has great interaction skills and can also do very similar to human facial expression. She now works in the tourist information centre on the waterfront of Tokyo, where he meets visitors in Japanese, English and Chinese.

Junko Chihiro involves the technology of speech synthesis Toshiba, which allows it to speak three languages. It wanted to equip its speech recognition technology later this year, so she could answer questions of tourists. Currently, the only way to interact with it via keyboard.


Biped robot SCHAFT

To Make the robots firmly and confidently walk on two legs was extremely difficult for engineers and researchers. Biped robot SCHAFT shows that for some tasks to have the torso does not necessarily. This sturdy chunky robot already performs very useful work, but, in addition, may one day lead to flexible humanoid robots.

In General about the Japanese startup SCHAFT robotic is known not so much, it was acquired by Google in 2014 and is now part of the experimental technological laboratory. After a three year break SCHAFT introduced unnamed and unusual to view a two-legged robot at the exhibition NEST 2016 in Tokyo.

This machine was created as an inexpensive, low-power and compact device designed to "help society." Clumsy in appearance, this robot can carry up to 60 pounds, to move over rough terrain and stairs — do not know how many robots. Can this machine perform the same tasks with the head and torso, is still unknown, but, as demonstrated by this robot, certain tasks do not require certain body parts.


"Eric" and Geminoid DK

Eric — is the brainchild of Hiroshi Ishiguro, Director of intelligent robotics Laboratory in Osaka University in Japan. Ishiguro is known for his superrealistic humanoid robots (including his twin Geminoid HI-4), but "Erica" in addition to its human form, still able to interact with their human companions by using voice recognition, motion tracking and generating natural movements.

Endowed with 19 degrees of freedom (degree of freedom is one of physical movement such as turning the neck or lifting the hand), "Erica" can move face "muscles", neck, shoulders and waist. She speaks with a synthetic voice and can display several facial expressions and gestures.

Geminoid DK is another robot developed by Ishiguro in an attempt to conquer the uncanny valley. Introduced in 2011 the robot was designed similar to robotics Henrik Scharfe from Aalborg University in Denmark. Design and construction of Geminoid DK a cost of $ 200,000, but it's worth it. When they first met few people can immediately understand that look on the face of the robot. Hyperrealistic robot is used to explore our emotional reactions to androids that look like real people.


ATLAS Unplugged

This robot DARPA has collected all the laurels in the category "robot, which is likely to destroy humanity", and then went through a major upgrade, which was converted to the 75%. Now that ATLAS Unplugged, more energy-efficient, strong, quick and quiet than its clumsy predecessor. And now he doesn't need a stupid belt that just scarier.

The Robot with a length of 1.88 meters and weighing 156 kilograms feature the latest battery pack (which he wears on the back), which provides increased efficiency and energy storage on Board. ATLAS Unplugged is equipped with three onboard computers, which are used for perception and task planning. Wireless router in the head enables wireless communications. Fortunately, this monster is equipped with and switch.

One of the future versions of the ATLAS can be used as a helper for the soldiers on the battlefield or employee of service of rescue in dangerous situations. One day, when it will be possible to create a truly realistic robot-human, we will remember the ATLAS as an important predecessor.



Developed by researchers at Nanyang technological University in Singapore, "Nadine" is a social robot, in which an integrated system of artificial intelligence and ultra-realistic physical traits to achieve the best effect. Nadine uses natural hand gestures and head movements during conversations, and her mouth is moving in sync with her conversation (though not very well). It is a great example of how artificial intelligence and robotics can work together to make something completely human.

Modeled after the Director of the office Nadi Magnenat, Thalmann, Nadine smiles as she is greeted, looking people in the eye during conversations with her. Remarkably, she uses software that recognizes faces to remember the people he met, and even remembers the previous conversation. "Nadine" can be happy or sad depending on said and to demonstrate their own traits and emotions. "Nadine" is based on the software type Apple's Siri or Microsoft's Cortana, and ultimately will be used in the role of a personal assistant at home or in the office.



REEM-C is the prototype of a humanoid robot developed by PAL Robotics, a Spanish. The six-foot, 80-pound robot resembles a human in proportion, but has very interesting possibilities.

Head of the REEM-C has two degrees of freedom and is equipped with a stereo camera, the LEDs representing mouth and speakers to talk. His arms with seven degrees of freedom enable it to hold about 8 pounds over my head. Similar to human hands have three degrees of freedom and equipped with pressure sensors for tactile feedback. REEM legs with six degrees of freedom allow him to move at the speed of 1.5 kilometers per hour. In total, this robot has 22 degrees of freedom — quite a lot by modern standards.

Instead of the brain REEM-C has a couple of computers on the basis of i7, running on Ubuntu. The sensors of the robot to help him navigate his environment, avoid obstacles and people. Its designers see it as home robot, guide, entertainer or guardian. REEM-C is still in the prototype stage and while a little clumsy, but surprises with its functions.



Romep, 55-inch tall Android robot was developed by French company Aldebaran Robotics, to help people, for example, the elderly, lost their physical autonomy. Size and physical capabilities, Romeo allows him to open doors, climb stairs, grab objects from the tables. Its developers hope that one day...


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