Houston, we have a problem: NASA ends space suits

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2017-04-29 08:30:08

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Houston, we have a problem: NASA ends space suits Source:

According to the latest audit analysis of the space Agency NASA, a little bit more and the Agency will experience a shortage of space suits. New suits for NASA, which it plans to use for flights into space are in development, but their release will take place "several years". Moreover, the Agency faces the risk of shortage of suits even for completion of the program operating the International space station, scheduled for 2024.

Problems reported by office of the inspector General of NASA, can result in even more trouble, becoming on the way of implementation Agency on its plans to study near-earth and deep space. We will remind that now on the agenda , which should be completed by the end of 2020-ies. The station plans to use not only for research but also as a launching pad for manned flights into deep space. In 2030-ies of the station will be to play the role of the launch complex for manned missions to Mars.

Of Course, the possibility of permanent supply of space suits will be of a critical moment in translating these plans into reality. Without them, the crews will not only be able to reach lunar orbital base, but also to hold in which case the necessary spacewalk, for example, to conduct both planned and unplanned repairs. The suits eventually will allow the astronauts to survive on the surface of Mars. Of course, different tasks will require the use of different types of spacesuits. The Martian environment, for example, has different temperatures, gravity, and demonstrates different levels of radioactive radiation in comparison with the same circumlunar space.

a figurative representation of the lunar orbital space station

To prepare for such environments of deep space, NASA is funding three independent project to develop new space suits. However, the report of the inspector General NASA suggests that these developments slowed down, because NASA still has not decided where it plans to use these suits. The news that the Agency plans to build a base at the moon before to Mars, recall, appeared recently. Interestingly, the report noted that NASA over the past decade has already invested tens of millions of dollars to develop new spacesuits, even redistributing their funds with other projects. But while the who and now there.

In addition, the report says the likelihood of misuse of Agency funds allocated for this programme. On reports that from 2011 to 2016, NASA has invested more than $ 80 million for the creation of the initiative group for the development of new spacesuits under the canceled Constellation program (plan of the Agency for return to the moon that was abandoned in 2010).

"We addressed NASA's questions about why the Agency continued financing of contracts related to the Constellation program, even after its abolition and recommendations made by the country's leadership back in 2011," — said the report.

All this can lead to the fact that NASA will not be the new suits at least in the next few years. The Agency was planning first to try new things aboard the ISS before you can use them in missions into deep space. However, the probability that NASA will not receive the new suits until the closure of the station in 2024.

In the current situation, NASA has a stock of suits, which may not be enough to announced by this deadline. With the start of operation of the ISS at the Agency had 18 suits. The estimated time of these suits is 15 years, however, they survived for a dozen years longer. For the time of operation, as part of testing, and actually in the context of the space missions in useless a few of these suits. To date, the Agency has 11 suits with fully functioning life support systems. At the same time, only four of these spacesuits are aboard the station. The rest are on the ground and used for testing.

"the Agency will have to try to support the ISS with the current set of suits until 2024. The level of this load could increase significantly if support for the work of the station will be extended to 2028", — said the report.

NASA Astronaut Kjell Lindgren to service the ISS

If you are not lucky and the new suits, the Agency does not get delivered in time, NASA in General, risks to remain without the first manned mission into deep space, at least for several decades. The Agency is now busy building a giant rocket Space Launch System, which will output in low earth orbit, the manned capsule, Orion. The first manned mission of the two spacecraft was moved to 2021. In addition, in the framework of this mission a crew of four astronauts would carry out a flyby of the moon. During the trip the team will not leave the capsule, that is any special spacesuits for spacewalk is not required. However, on Board the capsule will need to have spare suits in case of an emergency (depressurization, loss of oxygen supply, and so on). The role of these particular spare space suits will play upgraded spacesuits used during space Shuttle missions. It is necessary to work on modernization will be completed in just a few months before the actual flight. In other words, there will be very little time in order to test their reliability.

Given all this, the Inspectorate advised NASA to reconsider its plans for the development and testing of new space suits, and find out the final cost of their development and support work as those that the Agency currently uses. In response to these findings, the NASA management stated that in some aspects the report is too critical, but nevertheless agreed with the recommendations of the Commission. The first actual steps to change the situation will be taken in September of this year.

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