That can make science 600 billion dollars?

Date:

2017-11-13 15:30:11

Views:

2588

Rating:

1Like 0Dislike

Share:

That can make science 600 billion dollars? Source:

The U.S. spends on military spending more than all ten of the following countries combined: $ 600 billion a year. It is almost ten times more than it spends on military spending Russia. Meanwhile, the joint budget of NASA and the National science Foundation – a total of $ 25 billion, or 4% of the military budget. Many astronomers, astrophysicists, engineers and scientists of all stripes would love to increase the budgets of their areas.

What if we really reached for the stars? What if we lived in an era when investment in civilian research for the good of humanity would be significantly higher than investment in war, defense and military equipment? If space and research budgets of individual countries has reached 600 billion dollars, the track record of mankind would be considerably increased. Here are five possible breakthroughs that could provide the science, if I had a military budget only for one year.

the

Final energy breakthrough: reactor nuclear fusion with a net energy

Although to achieve nuclear fusion there are many different methods, the most promising direction is the magnetic confinement (hold). International consortium ITER began construction in the era of Reagan — Gorbachev, and in 2019, when the total investment reached 20 billion euros, he said. Will take another ten years to make a successful ignition of the plasma, and in 2030-ies we have to overcome the point of no return, synthesizing together deuterium and tritium.

However, in many ways, the only thing that prevents the penetration of fusion energy in our world, is upfront investment with an incredibly long-term returns. Taking the us military budget for just one year, scientists could not only achieve nuclear fusion, but also learned its scale and would produce a revolution in the field of energy on Earth. It is the ultimate Holy Grail for energy, and the greatest obstacle to its success is not physics, and lack of investment.

Mars and its thin atmosphere. Photo was taken by the Orbiter "Viking" in the 1970-ies. With all the difficulties of living on the red planet, a successful human colony could be built for only $ 50 billion.

the

at Least four separate colonies on Mars

People on Mars? The only thing that's stopping us, — this funding, which is not with the 1990-ies. Through steady investment of $ 50-150 billion dollars over 10 years, we could land on the surface of Mars, landed the crew, which could stay on the planet for 6-18 months before returning. We could create four separate and independent colony on another planet for 600 billion dollars. The only reason why we did not do this before — this financing.

Two workers install a photovoltaic array on the roof. A small 2-kilowatt installation can be commercially available today for 5000 dollars

the

2000-watt solar system in every home

There are many advanced technologies that could be combined with solar energy, from transparent Windows to shingles and siding. But the cheapest and efficient solar installation remains the solar panel. Systems, which produce approximately 2,000 watts, are now $ 5,000 cheaper and provide about 175-375 kWh per month. If you take the 125 million houses in the country, over $ 600 billion could put a solar panel system in each house.

It would not solve our energy needs, but would significantly reduce the load on mains and reduces the use of fossil fuels. In addition, the effect would have been instantaneous.

a Hypothetical new accelerator, or long linear or surrounding Land, could Eclipse the energy TANK. But no guarantees that we will find something new, no

the

the particle Accelerator in the whole country, 40 times more powerful TANK

Think TANK — is it cool? It was achieved proton-proton collisions with energies of 14 TeV in a 27-kilometer tunnel under the ground, and it cost about $ 10 billion. What you would build if money was in sixty times more? Believe it or not, there are only two free parameters that determine how powerful can be a circular proton accelerator: the power of magnets, which govern them, and the circumference of your ring.

Over 600 billion dollars we could build a tunnel with a length of 1,000 kilometers and reach the proton-proton collisions at energies above 500 TeV. If our electromagnetic technology will also improve, we could overcome the threshold of 1 PEV (1 PEV = 1000 TeV). The next step will be a giant "Permatron", first presented to Enrico Fermi, a particle accelerator with a circumference through the entire Earth. If the LHC will find anything beyond the Higgs boson, it will be a clear signal to the research of new energy frontiers.

the

"Super-Hubble", 100 times more powerful than the previous one

The Hubble Space telescope was a revolutionary Observatory, and remains largely a captain in astronomy and astrophysics. But being a diameter of 2.4 meters, it has already reached its maximum resolution. In fact, to see objects ten times fainter than he needed to watch them 100 times longer. But if we build a space telescope 10 times more, with 24-foot plate, the resolution not only will be 10 times higher for 2 hours of observation, he will see all that Hubble sees for a week.

The Space telescope James Webb with its segmented design, the sun visor and automated robotic technology can be a proof of concept of such a mission, however, a limiting factor remains funding. To obtain the size, image quality, and capabilities of start-up and maintenance required to create such a monster, it will require large investments. Over 600 billion dollars we could reach a diameter of 30-40 meters, but "100 times more powerful than Hubble" is a conservative estimate. The technology that we could create for the money, could produce a revolution, comparable to the Apollo program.

Of Course, we could make breakthroughs in all these areas and for the sum less than $ 600 billion. ITER is still under construction and it will take a total of $ 40 billion. A single crew mission to Mars would cost $ 50 billion, including the massive deployment of infrastructure on the surface of Mars. 2-kilowatt solar installation on the roof is available for $ 5,000, but each year falling in price. "Small" supercollider are estimated in the range of 20-40 billion dollars and will be able to reach the energy TANK and never dreamed of. LUVOIR, the most ambitious project of the space telescope from the proposed 40 times more powerful than Hubble, will cost $ 15 billion.

The cost of achieving our scientific dreams truly are astronomically high, but the gain will be even higher. In just one generation an investment of this scale in science and technology could transform our world like never before. Just over a year and 600 billion dollars could make a breakthrough in research for the next 25 years.

...

Recommended

What will be the shelter for the first Martian colonists?

What will be the shelter for the first Martian colonists?

Mars is not the friendliest planet for humans While the Red Planet is roaming rovers, researchers are pondering the construction of shelters and materials needed by future Martian colonists. The authors of the new paper suggest that we could use one ...

New proof of string theory discovered

New proof of string theory discovered

Just a few years ago, it seemed that string theory was the new theory of everything. But today the string universe raises more questions than answers String theory is designed to combine all our knowledge of the Universe and explain it. When she appe...

What is the four-dimensional space?

What is the four-dimensional space?

Modeling camera motion in four-dimensional space. View the world in different dimensions changes the way we perceive everything around, including time and space. Think about the difference between two dimensions and three dimensions is easy, but what...

Comments (0)

This article has no comment, be the first!

Add comment

Related News

Can machines have consciousness, according to neuroscientists? It seems that Yes

Can machines have consciousness, according to neuroscientists? It seems that Yes

As if the Director wanted to force you to believe in it, the protagonist of the film "the car" in 2015, directed by Andrew Garland, is not Caleb is a young programmer who has been assigned to assess machine consciousness. No, main...

Scientists have turned the air in the fuel

Scientists have turned the air in the fuel

Alternative energy and fuel generation that would be safe for the environment and high quality, sometimes forcing scientists to come up with very elegant ways of getting. For example, Korean researchers recently unveiled a technol...

Open reaction, which is 10 times more powerful than fusion

Open reaction, which is 10 times more powerful than fusion

As you know, the most powerful reactions, which releases massive amounts of energy are nuclear and thermonuclear processes. But, according to the statement, published in the journal Science, the scientists were able to detect that...

Scientists believe that the aging process cannot be stopped from a mathematical point of view

Scientists believe that the aging process cannot be stopped from a mathematical point of view

Aging is a natural part of the life of any living organism, including humans. But that doesn't stop many enthusiasts from the world of science, because so great a temptation to conquer the nature, the moment of biological death, t...

Why don't we have artificial gravity in space?

Why don't we have artificial gravity in space?

Put a man in space, away from the gravitational bondage of the earth's surface, and he will feel weightlessness. Although all mass in the Universe will still affect it gravitationally, they also will attract any spacecraft, in whi...

What if the Universe has no end?

What if the Universe has no end?

13.8 billion years ago in a hot Big Bang our universe was born. Since then it has expanded and cooled down, up to the present day. From our point of view, we can look at 46 billion light years in all directions, thanks to the spee...

China will build its own

China will build its own "Silicon valley" in the suburbs of Beijing

Chinese IT companies continue to evolve, to grow, and their number is steadily increasing every day. In China there are already hundreds of developers of artificial intelligence, many developers working to create innovative device...

10 scientific mysteries we still can't decide

10 scientific mysteries we still can't decide

With the appearance of an interested consciousness man began to explore the world around them, constantly expanding horizons. But it turns out that many of these horizons nor expand, them found even more distant horizons, which ha...

Multiple universes do not just exist: we live in them

Multiple universes do not just exist: we live in them

If you thought that all limited to what we have found over the cosmic horizon, get ready to reconsider. "it's Hard to build models of inflation that don't lead to a multiverse. It's not impossible, so I am sure the need for additi...

Whales and dolphins found

Whales and dolphins found "almost human" culture and society

Whales and dolphins (cetaceans) live in cohesive social groups, have a complicated relationship, talking to each other and even have regional dialects — almost like in human society. A large new study published in Nature Ecology &...

10 interesting channels in the Telegram about science and not only

10 interesting channels in the Telegram about science and not only

In recent years, the channels in the Telegram messenger has become so popular that replaced a lot of social networks and familiar media. Everyone in our newsroom also has its own selection of interesting channels, so we decided to...

Artificial meat, which taste does not differ from the present

Artificial meat, which taste does not differ from the present

the Food industry in recent years stepped far forward. Thanks to the work of scientists from all over the world it is already possible to synthesize almost any product. The only thing that currently fails — to create afforda...

The Nobel prize in physics was awarded for the discovery of gravitational waves

The Nobel prize in physics was awarded for the discovery of gravitational waves

Rainer Weiss, Barry Barish, and Kip Thorne (who you know well for his work on the film "interstellar") was awarded the Nobel prize in physics for the discovery of gravitational waves. The announcement itself took place in the Swed...

Submitted by the Russian interface for patients with speech problems

Submitted by the Russian interface for patients with speech problems

Patients with speech disorders are very difficult to establish contact with the outside world. Of course, for people created by special helper applications, and even entire languages. But it is not for everyone. Therefore can help...

Geneticists are studying the secrets of the forgotten history of the Neanderthals

Geneticists are studying the secrets of the forgotten history of the Neanderthals

the Neanderthals. How many were there? Archaeologists and geneticists give different answers. A new study should help them to reach consensus and to shed light on the forgotten history of these people of antiquity. Including a fai...

Not of this world: scientists have created an artificial brain made of silver and forced him to learn

Not of this world: scientists have created an artificial brain made of silver and forced him to learn

Tiny-organized network of artificial synapses remembers his experiences and is able to solve simple tasks. Its creators hope that someday based on this artificial brain will be created of the device, its efficiency is not inferior...

Scientists first managed to convert light into an audible message

Scientists first managed to convert light into an audible message

it would Seem, at first glance, it is impossible «recode» the flow of light into sound waves, because from the point of view of physics between them is not so much in common. But scientists time and again do the impossib...

What would happen to dinosaurs if they hadn't died?

What would happen to dinosaurs if they hadn't died?

Imagine a world in which an asteroid destroyed the dinosaurs. What would it be? How roaming the earth dinosaurs could determine the past, present and future of mammals like us? About that cataclysm we can only have a vague idea si...

Winners of the IG Nobel prize in 2017

Winners of the IG Nobel prize in 2017

Harvard University hosted the 27th annual ceremony of awarding scientists (in the original: Ig Nobel). "Nobelevku" is awarded to scholars whose works represent questionable value for the world of science. On the other hand, if on ...

Researchers have created a flexible organic battery for medical implants

Researchers have created a flexible organic battery for medical implants

Scientists from the Irish Queens University in Belfast have developed a new flexible organic battery that promises a serious step in the development of medical implants. Currently, medical devices such as pacemakers, use solid bat...