Artificial intelligence will be a threat only when stupid use

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2017-04-17 10:00:06

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Artificial intelligence will be a threat only when stupid use Source:

The technologies are based on continuous improvement over time. As you progress, technology entice and humanity. However, there is a fear that surrounds technologies such as artificial intelligence (AI) and robotics, partly because of how their portrayed in science fiction. This fear, however, is the fear of the unknown. By and large humanity does not know what will happen along with further improvement of artificial intelligence systems.

The Approaching technological singularity — one of the consequences of those improvements, too, is experiencing a strong influence of science fiction. I believe that AI and intelligent machines will become so smart that will rise up against their human patrons and end the world as we know it. We don't know whether this happens in reality, although some institutions are actively working in this direction.

But perhaps the most immediate concern associated with AI and automated systems are born from people who expect a decrease in the number of jobs and the subsequent displacement of workers-human workers by robots. Some studies show that the growth of automation will reduce employment in the next 10-20 years.

One study predicts that machines will replace 47% of jobs in the United States. Another study says that 40% of jobs will disappear in Canada and in the UK — 850 000. Meanwhile, the 137 million workers in Southeast Asia are at risk of losing their jobs because of the machines in the next 20 years. This trend will cover a range of industries.

What fear really is?

Given all this, justified if we fear AI?

In short, Yes, there is nothing to worry about. But experience is more about how we use AI, according to ZD Net editor Steve Ranger. "AI and an intriguing fast-growing niche," says Ranger. "But the problem is very deep."

The Ranger warns about the inability of industry to cope with AI that can potentially cause another "winter of artificial intelligence". He writes:

"the Shortage of skilled employees that will use most of these technologies as well as massively inflated expectations can lead to loss of confidence".

Moreover, there remains a risk that we see in AI magical answer to everything, ignoring the fact that AI and machine learning algorithms good is only as good the data they used. Ranger says "you should ensure that the decisions of the AI are well understood". He considers it the biggest threat associated with AI. We gradually cease to understand, as AI comes to our decisions and why. We will have to ensure compliance with the five underlying principles of AI:

the
    the
  • responsibility (people should be able to cope with the impact of the work on AI);
  • the
  • obyasnimo (simple explanation of the decisions made by the AI people who work with him);
  • the
  • accuracy (the ability to track errors to their sources);
  • the
  • verifiability (third parties should be able to consider the behavior of the AI);
  • the
  • justice (AI should not be subject to human bias or discrimination).

Ultimately, the greatest threat to humanity is not AI. This is how we work with him. We need to not worry about artificial intelligence and machine learning, and the shortcomings of human intelligence and our ability to learn.

to Control and supervise

Fortunately, you have already created the institutions that develop guidelines in the conduct of the research and development of AI. Have a Partnership with artificial intelligence, which includes such heavyweights as Amazon, Google, IBM, Facebook, Microsoft and Apple. One of them — the AI Fund managed by Knight Foundation.

The advantages of AI is undeniable, and we don't need to wait for 2047 and the singularity to find out how it will affect people's lives. Modern artificial intelligence systems should not be confused with Skynet and HAL-9000. Much of what we now call AI is neural networks and machine learning algorithms that work in conventional devices. With proper use of AI can help people to keep their jobs, reduce the number of traffic accidents and to improve the medicine. Our fears can outweigh these benefits.

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