Unique that will remain in people in a few decades?

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2017-03-13 10:30:08

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Unique that will remain in people in a few decades? Source:

After a few decades, artificial intelligence will surpass us in many areas that we consider special for yourself. It's a great challenge for our age, says researcher Viktor Mayer-Schönberger, which may require "irrational" response. In early 2017, one of the most important news in the US did not come from the White house and not even the Twitter of Donald trump. No, she was hidden in a report submitted to the California Department of motor vehicles and placed on his web site.

It described the efforts of Google (or, more precisely, its subsidiaries Waymo) for the implementation of Autonomous cars. According to the report, in 2016 self-driving car Google drove 1 023 330 kilometers and required human intervention 124 times. This is one intervention for every 8047 miles self-governing riding. What's even more impressive is the progress made in just one year: human intervention is decreased from 0.8 times a thousand miles to 0.2, which means an improvement of 400%. With such progress cars Google easily surpass the personal skills of any driver by the end of this year.

When driving was considered an exclusively human skill. But the same could be said about chess. And here's the computer repeatedly beats the world chess champion. A strategic Board game of go adopted from the title of chess litmus test of human thinking. In 2016, the computer beat the world's best go player. Watson from IBM has succeeded in Jeopardy — which was also considered the patrimony of the people — and is currently working to identify cancerous moles and preparing creative recipes, among other things.

Computers conquer the areas that used to be considered deeply human. Which require knowledge, strategy, creativity. What does it mean for a person who will be in the future?

Some fear that self-driving cars and trucks could displace millions of professional drivers (and they are right) and destroy the whole industry (so). But worry about the children. What will be their place in a world where machines will learn from people one industry after another? What will engage our children and how they will relate to these Umhausen machines? What will be their contribution to the world in which they live?

Our children will never be able to read faster, solve mathematical equations faster machines. They will never be faster to print, better to drive, safer to fly. They can play chess with your friends, but because of the machines they have no chance to become the best player in the world. Perhaps they will continue to teach different languages (as now), but in the future it will have no meaning and do not provide any competitive advantage, taking into account the latest achievements of machine translation in real-time.

Actually, it all comes down to a fairly simple question: what is so special about us, what our last value? It is unlikely there will be skills like arithmetic or printing, where the machines have already surpassed us. And this is unlikely to be rational as machines devoid of these biases, prejudices and emotions that we have.

Perhaps we should consider the quality at the other end of the spectrum: radical creativity, originality irrational, even a simple dose of illogical craziness, not hard logic. Little Kirk instead of Spock. Still the cars were very hard to emulate these qualities: crazy leaps of faith, quite arbitrary, to be able to predict the robot, not to mention a simple accident. Their problem is our opportunity.

I'm not suggesting to abandon reason, logic and critical thinking. In fact, it is because we appreciate the values that are associated with rationality and sanity, we should have a little value and the opposite.

And I'm not a Luddite, quite the contrary. You see, if we continue to develop machines that process information, and make sure that they have adapted and studied in every interaction with the world, on every bit of data coming to them, we will soon acquire useful rational helpers. They will allow us to overcome some of our human limitations in the field of translation of information into rational decisions. And they will get better and better.

Therefore, we must strive to ensure that the human contribution to this division of labor was complemented by the rationality of machines, rather than compete with them. Because it will always separate us from them, and that this difference will create our value.

And if I'm right, we should promote the development of creative thinking, irrational decisions, unusual ideas. Not because the irrationality is bliss, but because the illogical dose of creativity will complement the rationality of the machine. It will save us a place on the shelf of evolution.

Unfortunately, our education system is completely opposite. Like the peasants, adhering to pre-industrial thinking, our schools and universities are arranged in such a way as to produce obedient servants of rationality and to develop a legacy of skills interaction with outdated machines.

Taking seriously the problem posed, we will have to change it pretty soon. Of course, we have to learn rationality based on facts and the best facts lead to better decisions. We need to help our children learn to work with the most intelligent of machines to improve their decision-making. But most of all we should take into account the long term: even if computers will surpass us, we remain the most creative building in the city, if only did not suppress this aspect of your humanity.

This Might be our chance to stay on a narrow path of evolution.

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