Russian scientists have created an analyzer of ground for the mission "Eczemas"

Date:

2017-11-16 19:30:05

Views:

2469

Rating:

1Like 0Dislike

Share:

Russian scientists have created an analyzer of ground for the mission Source:

In the Spring of 2012 the European space Agency and the Russian space Agency has scheduled a joint mission «Eczemas», which consists of 2 stages: launch the Trace Gas Orbiter (TGO) and sending the Rover «Pasteur». For the last group of Russian physicists from Moscow state University and Misa has developed a miniature analyzer soil, which has already passed successfully a series of tests.

The Analyzer soil is a spectropolarimeter for the study of ground stone and rocks. The uniqueness of the device lies in the fact that it has a very large set of functions and compact size. This is done due to the peculiarities of the future of the Rover. Due to the small size of the latter, the analyzer needs to be very compact, that forced scientists to go to a large number of technical and scientific tricks in order to create a sufficiently powerful small spectrometer that could identify the chemical composition of rocks by analyzing how the spectrum changes of infrared and visible wavelengths, reflected from the surface of the soil of Mars.

As noted in the article, published in the journal Optics Express this result was achieved with the help of new optical circuits, in which simultaneously two images in two perpendicular planes of polarization. Due to this, the spectrometer has been reduced to 10 inches in length and 20 in width at a height of only 8 inches. According to the developers, despite such a compact size, this device is not inferior to the characteristics of similar devices installed on the NASA Rovers.

Based on materials of RIA «news»

Recommended

What will be the shelter for the first Martian colonists?

What will be the shelter for the first Martian colonists?

Mars is not the friendliest planet for humans While the Red Planet is roaming rovers, researchers are pondering the construction of shelters and materials needed by future Martian colonists. The authors of the new paper suggest that we could use one ...

New proof of string theory discovered

New proof of string theory discovered

Just a few years ago, it seemed that string theory was the new theory of everything. But today the string universe raises more questions than answers String theory is designed to combine all our knowledge of the Universe and explain it. When she appe...

What is the four-dimensional space?

What is the four-dimensional space?

Modeling camera motion in four-dimensional space. View the world in different dimensions changes the way we perceive everything around, including time and space. Think about the difference between two dimensions and three dimensions is easy, but what...

Comments (0)

This article has no comment, be the first!

Add comment

Related News

Presented a brain implant that improves memory by 30%

Presented a brain implant that improves memory by 30%

Ways to improve memory at the moment there are many but they all related to the rather monotonous process of training the brain. At the same time after time, attempts are being made to improve the functioning of the brain using el...

Created fabric that is simultaneously warm and cool

Created fabric that is simultaneously warm and cool

Just imagine the clothes that depending on environmental conditions and is able to warm people, a refuge from the cold, and cooled if the weather is very hot. But clothes that are hard to imagine without right , and that is this f...

What if you became... dark matter?

What if you became... dark matter?

the human Body consists of approximately 1028 particles that are mated together. A normal person weighs 50 to 100 pounds and is on the surface of the Earth. But dark matter behaves differently. She does not interact with the nucle...

That can make science 600 billion dollars?

That can make science 600 billion dollars?

the U.S. spends on military spending more than all ten of the following countries combined: $ 600 billion a year. It is almost ten times more than it spends on military spending Russia. Meanwhile, the joint budget of NASA and the ...

Can machines have consciousness, according to neuroscientists? It seems that Yes

Can machines have consciousness, according to neuroscientists? It seems that Yes

As if the Director wanted to force you to believe in it, the protagonist of the film "the car" in 2015, directed by Andrew Garland, is not Caleb is a young programmer who has been assigned to assess machine consciousness. No, main...

Scientists have turned the air in the fuel

Scientists have turned the air in the fuel

Alternative energy and fuel generation that would be safe for the environment and high quality, sometimes forcing scientists to come up with very elegant ways of getting. For example, Korean researchers recently unveiled a technol...

Open reaction, which is 10 times more powerful than fusion

Open reaction, which is 10 times more powerful than fusion

As you know, the most powerful reactions, which releases massive amounts of energy are nuclear and thermonuclear processes. But, according to the statement, published in the journal Science, the scientists were able to detect that...

Scientists believe that the aging process cannot be stopped from a mathematical point of view

Scientists believe that the aging process cannot be stopped from a mathematical point of view

Aging is a natural part of the life of any living organism, including humans. But that doesn't stop many enthusiasts from the world of science, because so great a temptation to conquer the nature, the moment of biological death, t...

Why don't we have artificial gravity in space?

Why don't we have artificial gravity in space?

Put a man in space, away from the gravitational bondage of the earth's surface, and he will feel weightlessness. Although all mass in the Universe will still affect it gravitationally, they also will attract any spacecraft, in whi...

What if the Universe has no end?

What if the Universe has no end?

13.8 billion years ago in a hot Big Bang our universe was born. Since then it has expanded and cooled down, up to the present day. From our point of view, we can look at 46 billion light years in all directions, thanks to the spee...

China will build its own

China will build its own "Silicon valley" in the suburbs of Beijing

Chinese IT companies continue to evolve, to grow, and their number is steadily increasing every day. In China there are already hundreds of developers of artificial intelligence, many developers working to create innovative device...

10 scientific mysteries we still can't decide

10 scientific mysteries we still can't decide

With the appearance of an interested consciousness man began to explore the world around them, constantly expanding horizons. But it turns out that many of these horizons nor expand, them found even more distant horizons, which ha...

Multiple universes do not just exist: we live in them

Multiple universes do not just exist: we live in them

If you thought that all limited to what we have found over the cosmic horizon, get ready to reconsider. "it's Hard to build models of inflation that don't lead to a multiverse. It's not impossible, so I am sure the need for additi...

Whales and dolphins found

Whales and dolphins found "almost human" culture and society

Whales and dolphins (cetaceans) live in cohesive social groups, have a complicated relationship, talking to each other and even have regional dialects — almost like in human society. A large new study published in Nature Ecology &...

10 interesting channels in the Telegram about science and not only

10 interesting channels in the Telegram about science and not only

In recent years, the channels in the Telegram messenger has become so popular that replaced a lot of social networks and familiar media. Everyone in our newsroom also has its own selection of interesting channels, so we decided to...

Artificial meat, which taste does not differ from the present

Artificial meat, which taste does not differ from the present

the Food industry in recent years stepped far forward. Thanks to the work of scientists from all over the world it is already possible to synthesize almost any product. The only thing that currently fails — to create afforda...

The Nobel prize in physics was awarded for the discovery of gravitational waves

The Nobel prize in physics was awarded for the discovery of gravitational waves

Rainer Weiss, Barry Barish, and Kip Thorne (who you know well for his work on the film "interstellar") was awarded the Nobel prize in physics for the discovery of gravitational waves. The announcement itself took place in the Swed...

Submitted by the Russian interface for patients with speech problems

Submitted by the Russian interface for patients with speech problems

Patients with speech disorders are very difficult to establish contact with the outside world. Of course, for people created by special helper applications, and even entire languages. But it is not for everyone. Therefore can help...

Geneticists are studying the secrets of the forgotten history of the Neanderthals

Geneticists are studying the secrets of the forgotten history of the Neanderthals

the Neanderthals. How many were there? Archaeologists and geneticists give different answers. A new study should help them to reach consensus and to shed light on the forgotten history of these people of antiquity. Including a fai...

Not of this world: scientists have created an artificial brain made of silver and forced him to learn

Not of this world: scientists have created an artificial brain made of silver and forced him to learn

Tiny-organized network of artificial synapses remembers his experiences and is able to solve simple tasks. Its creators hope that someday based on this artificial brain will be created of the device, its efficiency is not inferior...