Throughout the history of space exploration, the astronauts and cosmonauts appeared several times on the verge of death. We've all heard about the catastrophe Shuttle "Challenger" and "Columbia", know about the exploits of the Leonov, but actually had a lot more incidents, not necessarily related to a horrible death and did not receive media attention, this and that side of the Atlantic.
This space mission (another name for Mercury-Redstone 4) successfully launched the second ever American in space. The launch took place on July 21, 1961, after delays related to adverse weather conditions. The main goal was to bring man into orbit and study his reaction. Lucky that had a chance to do it, was Virgil Grissom (named Gus).
The Drive took a little more than 15 minutes, but NASA found it completely successful. However, many did not agree with them due to a hard landing and the death of Gus.
Everything went smoothly until the mission landed. Manhole cover, which was to unfastened in the event of emergency, accident worked. Grissom almost drowned near Cape Canaveral in Florida.
After landing he immediately managed to leave the ship that ultimately saved his life. On top of the first helicopter sent to the machine, broke, and Grissom had been in the water for about five minutes, waiting for help.the
On March 18, 1965 from Baikonur cosmodrome in the Soviet Union started the "Voskhod-2". The purpose of the mission was to prove that people can survive in space if there is a suitable costume. Two pilots-cosmonauts, who went on a mission to space, were Pavel Belyayev and Alexey Leonov.
Leonov was intended to implement the first ever extravehicular activity (EVA), that is, space walk. Such a feat riveted the attention of the scientific community and people from around the world. And would give the stomach the United States in the space race.
The Two men prepared for the dangerous mission. Leonov stepped into the gateway, Belyaev lowered the air pressure. Leonov walked in the void of space, and immediately fell into televisions around the world, demonstrating the success of the Soviet Union. The whole walk lasted for 10 minutes, after which Leonov had reluctantly returned to the gateway.
However, the lack of atmosphere in space led to the fact that the suit Leonov inflated and bound movement. Since oxygen was only for 40 minutes, the astronaut had to make a decision, so as not to choke. His solution was to let some oxygen into space to blow away the suit. And so he did. The suit began to deflate, and Leonov managed to squeeze through the gateway, greatly popotet in the process.
Leonov has managed to avoid a terrible death, but the adventure mission "Voskhod-2" is not over. After the fire alarm, caused by an increase in oxygen in the cabin, it became apparent that the autopilot is damaged. The men had to manually put the device in the Siberian taiga, where they had to spend two days away from civilization, until they were found by rescuers.the
This mission, which was launched March 16, 1966, was an attempt to carry out extravehicular activity and meeting with Gemini Agena Target Vehicle (GATV). The two astronauts that were assigned to the mission were David Scott and the infamous Neil Armstrong.
As usual, everything was fine but suddenly the two devices began to rotate uncontrollably. The mission began to take a deadly turn.
In an attempt to regain control of the craft, Armstrong was separated from the GATV. It only aggravated the situation and strengthened the rotational movement. Two pilots deactivated the system for maneuvering and orbit control (OAMS), and then activated all thrusters re-entry (RCS) to soften the fall.
The Latter worked, but left RCS only 25% of the originally laid fuel. Then we discovered that one of the OAMS is inadvertently used in a continuous mode, which led to a short circuit, which was the origin of the rotation. The mission had to be interrupted, and the spacewalk did not take place.the
The Main mission of "Soyuz-5" was successfully docked to the "Soyuz-4" in space. The mission took place without any problems and had to return to Earth on 18 January 1969. When the "Soyuz-5" tried to secede from the "Union-4", service module and re-entry module failed to separate, drawing the danger in front of Boris Volynov, the only astronaut on Board.
A Failed separation caused the device to enter the atmosphere nose forward, making it extremely aerodynamic. The accelerated drop melted sealing gasket, warmed up the front of the machine, and the cabin was filled with smoke.
The Smoke greatly complicated the process of piloting the machine. Hope again shone when the modules finally separated, fixing the direction in which the camera watched. But he continued to move at an alarming rate.
The Parachute deployed correctly, but then down came the rocket soft landing. In the end, the touchdown was very hard, and Volynova knocked out a few teeth. He safely left the unit, but then he had to go for snowy weather at a temperature of -40 degrees Celsius to Kostani, Russia, where he received help.the
The Mission "Apollo 12" was to be launched on 14 November 1969, shortly after the famous mission "Apollo 11", which placed the first man on the moon. The mission "Apollo 12" was to repeat the landing on the moon, and perform other tasks of the mission. The team has developed three astronauts: dick Gordon, Pete Conrad and Alan Bean. However, the mission ended soon after the start.
The Launch was, as expected, until the crew reached the height of 2000 meters. After 36 seconds after the start of the mission the unit was struck by lightning. Alarm system immediately joined, and astronaut Bean said that "the world was much bigger than he had ever seen in the simulator".
After 16 seconds in the machine hit the second zipper. This time shutting down all systems, and the command module was left without power. Backup batteries should be enough for a few hours.
After the panic has passed, the engineer John Aaron offered a solution: translate the ship from SCE to AUX, that is, to enable a minor mode. After that the power supply was restored, and the mission went as planned.
Unknown switch saved the mission and lives of crew members. But death was close.the
Test project "Apollo-Soyuz" was an important mission in the history of space exploration. He had become the first space cooperation between the two countries, the USA and the USSR.
The Start of the mission was appointed on 15 July 1975, immediately after the completion of the space race. Three American astronauts were Thomas Stafford, Vance brand and Donald Slayton. The mission was very successful, despite the dangerous incident, which faced Americans during the return of the Earth's atmosphere.
An automatic landing broke, and the crew had to switch to manual control in time to open the parachutes. The camera shook, but nothing happened, when 30 seconds have been restored the automatic system.
Nevertheless, the pressure relief valve automatically opened up and let the gases into the cabin. The astronauts were one-on-one with a mixture of oxygen and toxic gases. At the time of landing on the water they were almost unconscious, and brand out for a while.
Stafford had to wear an oxygen mask on the brand, so that he came to. The team was lucky that all survived, although I had to go to the hospital in Honolulu for two weeks.the
The Soyuz T-10-1 was very unsuccessful Soviet space mission. Its purpose was to replace the solar panels "Salute-7" (space station USSR). Forces rotational commands to complete this operation was impossible because of the terrible accident that happened right after the scheduled launch.
Just over a minute to start a fire broke out in the rocket "Union". The crew was experienced enough to understand that something is wrong. In preparation for the flight, the astronauts strapped straps. Tower on launch pad threw the capsule to a safe distance from the burning rocket. This interrupt system saved the lives of two cosmonauts aboard. Fortunately, none of them were damaged during this fiery trial, which could potentially lead to the death of both.the
For several years on the space station "Mir" has been many different accidents, but two incidents in 1997 put an end to her story. The first was a fire aboard the station, which was played on February 23. The station has carried out routine work, including the ignition of the paper we cans, but the fire suddenly out of control.
The Russian crew had to use gas masks when extinguishing a fire, and the spacecraft "Soyuz" was filled with smoke. Then the smoke is gone and the crew was safe.
The Second incident was the worst clash in the history of space exploration. On 25 June, a few months after the fire, a crew member conducted a test docking with remote control application, but suddenly lost control of the cargo ship. The ship collided with the station and caused a dangerous leak.
Fortunately, the crew recovered quickly and localized the sound in the Spektr module. They managed to cut the cables leading into the Spektr, and seal the hatches. The quick response of the crew to ensure their safety.the
Mission STS-98 launched Feb 7, 2001. The crew of five consisted of Ken Cockrell, Mark Polanski, Robert Carbona, Thomas Jones and Marsha Ivins. During the mission there have been three spacewalk, the first of which almost ended in disaster.
The First outing lasted just over 7.5 hours...
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