Artificial synapse, which can be a component of an electronic brain

Date:

2017-05-25 22:00:05

Views:

1493

Rating:

1Like 0Dislike

Share:

Artificial synapse, which can be a component of an electronic brain

Despite the fact that we often talk about neural networks and artificial intelligence, is still what we call «electronic brain», its structure is fundamentally different from the structure of the human brain. But there are so-called neuromorphic chips, which are much faster than their electronic counterparts, but much less developed, which hampers the development of this technology. Recently, thanks to the joint work of scientists from the USA and France, managed to create a structure very similar to human synapse (the point of contact between two cells, serving for transmission of nerve impulses). This development could be the first step towards creating a true electronic brain.

Artificial synapse in its properties almost identical to natural. The main property that prevents the artificial brain to be similar to our with you — that «neuroplasticity», it is possible to change under the influence of experience, as well as to restore after damage or in response to external stimuli. In other words, thanks to this, we can learn new information and gain experience.

When you design a new artificial synapse, the scientists created a precise mathematical model, based on which it was made detailed calculations of the shape and structure of a microscopic device. The artificial synapse is designed to develop Autonomous self-learning systems. On the basis of the synapses of a new type, as I hope the researchers can create a real electronic brain with the function of artificial intelligence at the hardware level and not software which is used now.

Left — the principle of operation of the synapse human right — artificial synapse

The basis of the neuroplasticity of the synapse is the tunneling on the basis of the ferroelectric material. The conductivity of the phase is incremented each time it passes through a pulse of electrical current. Different actions generate different kinds of impulses, which allows the synapse to remember recurring events and «gain experience». The areas that are not used in conductivity with time are erased and as if «forgotten». Now researchers are going to create the first prototype chip-on-chip which will be formed a complex neural network capable of self-instructive.

Recommended

The Oculus zuest 2 virtual reality helmet for $300. What's he capable of?

The Oculus zuest 2 virtual reality helmet for $300. What's he capable of?

Why is the new Oculus zuest 2 better than the old model? Let's work it out together. About a decade ago, major technology manufacturers introduced the first virtual reality helmets that were available to ordinary users. There were two ways to find yo...

The mysteries of neurotechnology - can the brain be used as a weapon?

The mysteries of neurotechnology - can the brain be used as a weapon?

DARPA has launched the development of a neural engineering system to research a technology that can turn soldiers into cyborgs Despite the fact that the first representatives of the species Homo Sapiens appeared on Earth about 300,000 - 200,000 years...

What materials can be used to build houses on Mars?

What materials can be used to build houses on Mars?

Marsha constructions n the surface of the Red Planet SpaceX CEO Elon Musk is hopeful that humans will go to Mars in the next ten years. Adapted for long flight ship Starship is already in development, but scientists have not yet decided where exactly...

Comments (0)

This article has no comment, be the first!

Add comment

Related News

Omnicopter: drone, which has no

Omnicopter: drone, which has no "top" and "bottom"

Most modern drones are designed effectively which allows you to move only in one or two directions. For example, the usual location of the screws in the upper part of the aircraft gives a good lift, but allows you to move only in ...

In China earned the world's largest floating solar power plant

In China earned the world's largest floating solar power plant

China for many years developed its production in order to secure a leading position and to bypass the rest of the state on volumes of the produced goods. In the end, the country began to suffocate from the smog of the giant factor...

#news high tech | Issue 193

#news high tech | Issue 193

Every Monday in the new issue of «News high-tech» we summarize the previous week, talking about some of the most important events, the key discoveries and inventions. This time we will focus on creating the analogue of a...