Most of the world's offshore wind power plants, usually located near the coast of the countries which they feed. However, the ambitious plan for a Dutch energy company offers to create the world's largest wind farm, and an adapted artificial island, which will act as the energy hub designed to distribute electricity from among the five countries.
The Dutch company TenneT proposes to create an energy hub in the Central North sea that will allow to supply electricity to not only the Netherlands but also the UK, Denmark, Germany and Belgium. All of these countries are located approximately the same distance from the proposed construction site.
The Plan calls for the construction of artificial Islands with an area of 6 square kilometers, around which are going to build many wind turbines. The turbine will transmit the generated electricity to the Central hub, from which it will flow in each of the countries participating in the project.
Wind power plant, located in the North sea, will be able to feed from five countries: the Netherlands, UK, Denmark, Germany and Belgium
The British newspaper Guardian with reference to TenneT reports that from an economic point of view, this project is much more profitable compared to conventional wind power plants and projects for the transmission of electricity between countries. In General, it will allow annual savings of several billion dollars.
Offshore wind farms generate alternating current, so as it travels long distances, there may be some loss. Energy hub, in turn, will convert power to DC and then send it to the country through cheaper cables. After it is converted back to AC, which, in turn, will be supplied to homes and businesses. Company TenneT plans to submit a more detailed proposal this year and says if it's approved, then realize it will happen by 2027.
Experts point out that the project may face several challenges including lack of cooperation and funding from the European energy companies. But if you succeed, then wind power can produce up to 30 GW of electricity – almost twice more than the entire volume of energy produced coastal wind farms now existing in Europe.
In view of criticism from those living in coastal regions people have to face energy companies creating wind farms near the coast, it is not surprising that these companies begin to look to a more distant from the shore areas.
Rob van der Hajj, Manager TenneT for the development of offshore wind energy, in an interview with the Guardian commented that "the projects of building power stations on land and coastal regions in recent years very often have to face criticism from local residents," adding that it therefore would be logical to consider the idea of placing wind farms away from the mainland.
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