The Experiments will simulate life on the moon spend almost all of the major space agencies in the world. Recently ended the long and ambitious such a project. The participants of the laboratory "Wagon-1" held on a specially designed standalone base 370 days and "returned to Earth".
According to Chinese news Agency Xinhua, the Research complex "Wagon-1" (which is also called "Moon Palace-1") was built on the basis Bachinskogo University in Beijing. The total area is 160 square meters and it consists of two agricultural modules, living room, 4 single bedrooms, shared Lounges, bathrooms, and module recycling and room for growing animals.
The Experiment began in may of 2017. At stage 1, a group consisting of 2 men and 2 women, held in «Moon Palace» 60 days, after which they were replaced by group 2, which was located in the closed space 200 days. After this, the groups again changed, and the rest of the time 1 group bezvylazno remained on site. After the participants demonstrated the fruits and vegetables that have been grown in the territory of "Wagon-1".
This experiment gave scientists data needed for the construction of a future lunar space base, which will be located near the satellite of the Earth and will be a kind of "transit point" between the Earth and the lunar base. According to the plan of researchers, it will be a manned station where the crew of 4 people can stay for at least 30 days without health consequences. During this period or upon its completion, people can go to the moon. Moreover, sufficient autonomy such as the presence of modules for growing vegetables and animals to make this lunar station more independent from the supply of resources from Earth.
the American space Agency NASA and the Israel space Agency (ISA) signed an agreement for testing of new anti-radiation vest AstroRad in the first mission to the moon for Exploration Mission-1 (EM-1), which will be implemented with the new rocket NASA's Space Launch System (SLS).
Experience of training of Soviet cosmonauts and American space missions "Apollo" helped in determining the training requirements of members of the Russian expedition to the moon, reports RIA "Novosti" with reference to the latest issue of the scientific journal "Manned space flight", published by the Russian cosmonaut training Center named after Gagarin.